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Bolivia energy report

Bolivia energy report
3 files (PDF report, 2 Excel files)
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Bolivia energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.


  • The country targets 79% of renewables in the power mix by 2030.
  • ENDE controls 85% of the power capacity and around half of the distribution.
  • Petrobras is the main oil and gas producer.
  • YPFB controls the oil and gas pipeline networks.
  • Oil and gas production has been decreasing since 2014.
  • Bolivia joined the power exchange system between Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, and Brazil.
  • The prices of oil products and electricity have been stable since 2017.
  • Oil and gas represent 85% of total energy consumption.
  • The residential sector is the largest consumer of electricity, with 39%.
  • The country will invest US$33bn in the energy sector by 2025.
  • Around 12 GW of hydropower projects are planned.
share of renewables in power mix by 2030
of total energy consumption from oil in 2021
12 GW
of hydropower planned
  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Hydrocarbons and Energies supervises the energy policy and the development of the energy sector in the country through five vice ministries: Hydrocarbon Exploration and Exploitation (hydrocarbon exploitation), Industrialisation, Transport, and Storage of Hydrocarbons (export, trade, storage, and transportation of oil and gas), Energy Planning and Development (hydrocarbon develop

  • Energy Supply


    Natural gas reserves stood at around 183 bcm and oil reserves at 33 Mt (end of 2021). The country has a significant hydroelectric potential (50 TWh economically exploitable), of which only 6.5% is being exploited.

  • Energy Prices


    The price paid by final consumers for natural gas is fixed by ministerial decree. It is re-examined periodically according to the currency values. In 2017, the ANH resolution n° ULGR 0331/2017 determined the maximum prices for natural gas to be sold in the national market. The maximum prices range from US$1.84-2.11/cf (US$66-89/1,000cm) depending on the consumer category.

  • Energy Consumption

    Per capita energy consumption stood at 0.8 toe in 2021 (including 790 kWh of electricity), 37% below the average for Latin America.

    Total energy consumption returned to its pre-COVID level in 2021, with very rapid growth of 19%, reaching 9.3 Mtoe. It increased rapidly between 2010 and 2019 (4%/year).

  • Issues & Prospects


    The country seeks to reach 4.1 GW of capacity by 2025 according to PDES 2021-2025 and 13.4 GW by 2030 according to its second NDC. It is also aiming to cover 9% of the total projected capacity for 2030 from alternative energies (around 1.2 GW).

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross Power Production by Source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power Generation by Source (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & Diesel Prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity Prices for Industry and Households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by Energy Source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total Consumption Market Share by Energy (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final Consumption Market Share by Sector (2021, %)
  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

The Bolivia energy market data since 1990 and up to is included in the Excel file accompanying the Bolivia country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Bolivia Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Bolivia energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).