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Bolivia energy report

Bolivia energy report
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Bolivia energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.


  • The country targets 79% of renewables (including hydro) in the power mix in 2030.
  • ENDE controls 85% of the power capacity and around half of the distribution.
  • Petrobras is the main oil and gas producer.
  • YPFB controls the oil and gas pipeline networks.
  • Oil and gas production has been decreasing since 2014.
  • Electricity production growth has slowed down since 2017 after a period of rapid progression.
  • The prices of oil products and electricity have been stable since 2017.
  • Oil and gas represent 90% of total energy consumption, with similar market shares.
  • The country will invest US$33bn in the energy sector by 2025.
  • Bolivia plans to significantly develop hydropower with 12 GW of capacity planned; however, most projects are struggling to move forward.


share of renewables in power mix in 2030


of electricity from natural gas


electrification rate in 2020

  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Hydrocarbons and Energies supervises the energy policy and the development of the energy sector in the country through five vice ministries:

    - the Vice Ministry of Hydrocarbon Exploration and Exploitation is in chargeof the country's hydrocarbon exploitation

  • Energy Supply


    Natural gas reserves stood at around 200 bcm and oil reserves at 33 Mt (end of 2020). The country has a significant hydroelectric potential (50 TWh economically exploitable), just a small part of which is being exploited (around 5%).

  • Energy Prices


    According to the Electricity Code, the electricity tariffs of all the companies are subject to a preliminary authorisation: they are supposed to be calculated on the basis of cost and a profitability rate of 9%. They are about US$8.5c/kWh and US$10c/kWh, respectively, for industry and households (2020).


  • Energy Consumption

    The country's energy consumption per capita is low (around 0.7 toe in 2020, including 680 kWh of electricity).

    Total energy consumption increased rapidly between 2010 and 2018 (4%/year); it decreased by 2% in 2019 and dropped by almost 18% in 2020, to 7.6 Mtoe.

  • Issues & Prospects


    As a consequence of the increased natural gas production, Bolivia is expanding its NGL production capacity.

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross Power Production by Source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power Generation by Source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & Diesel Prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity Prices for Industry and Households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by Energy Source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total Consumption Market Share by Energy (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final Consumption Market Share by Sector (2020, %)
  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

The Bolivia energy market data since 1990 and up to is included in the Excel file accompanying the Bolivia country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Bolivia Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Bolivia energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Bolivia country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.