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Morocco Key Figures

Population:
37.3 million
GDP growth rate:
7.37 %/year
Energy independence:
9.91%

Data of the last year available: 2021

Total consumption/GDP:*
87.6 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions:
1.81 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses:
17.1%

* at purchasing power parity

View all macro and energy indicators in the Morocco energy report

Morocco Related Research

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

A data overview is available in the global energy statistics app

Total Energy Consumption

In 2021, per capita energy consumption was 0.61 toe (around 43% below the North Africa average), including around 930 kWh of electricity (39% below the regional average).

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Total energy consumption rebounded by 7.5% in 2021 to 22.6 Mtoe, after a 5% drop in 2020. Over 2010-2019, it grew by 3%/year on average, which is much slower than over 2000-2010 (4.5%/year).

Interactive Chart Morocco Total Energy Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed fondamentals of the market at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Morocco energy report

Crude Oil Production

The production of oil is low. All the oil products are imported since the shutdown of the sole refinery of the country in 2015 (200 kb/d). Oil product imports increased rapidly from 2015 to 2019 (+6%/year), as well as in 2021 (+ 9% to 12.8 Mt) after a 9% decrease in 2020 due to the COVID crisis.

Interactive Chart Morocco Crude Oil Production

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Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Oil Products Consumption

Oil product consumption increased by 11% in 2021 to 12.6 Mt, after a 9% drop in 2020. It increased rapidly between 2000 and 2012 (+5.5%/year, on average) and remained roughly stable until 2019.

The transport sector consumes 46% of oil products, followed by the residential-services sector (29%) and industry (18%).

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)

Interactive Chart Morocco Refined Oil Products Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Natural Gas Consumption

Gas consumption has fallen by 1/3 since 2017, when it reached 1.2 bcm, to less than 0.83 bcm in 2021, due to the increased use of coal and renewables in the power sector. It had increased significantly between 2005 and 2012, after the commissioning of the Tahaddart and Tarfaya plants.

The power sector accounted for 88% of gas consumption in the country in 2021, the rest being consumed by industry (11%).

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Interactive Chart Morocco Natural Gas Domestic Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on the LNG trade, you can request a sample of our EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

Coal Consumption

Coal consumption surged (+11%/year) between 2014 and 2019 with the commissioning of new coal power plants and continue to increase in 2021 (+4.9%) to 10.6 Mt.

Coal is entirely used for power generation.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)

Interactive Chart Morocco Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed consumption trends at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Morocco energy report

Power Consumption

In 2021, electricity consumption rebounded by 5.5% to 34.7 TWh, after a contraction of almost 2% in 2020. Between 2012 and 2017, it progressed by almost 3%/year and remained broadly stable at until 2019. It more than doubled between 2000 and 2012 with the implementation of the electrification program (+6.5%/year, on average).

Industry is the largest electricity consumer (38% in 2021), followed by households (34%) and services (17%).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Renewable in % Electricity Production

MASEN, the Moroccan Agency for Sustainable Energy, was established in 2010 to manage developments of solar power. Its responsibilities were extended in 2016 to coordinate all renewable projects, including wind and hydro. ONEE and AMEE will gradually transfer to Masen all projects and assets related to renewables (initially planned over a transitional period of 5 years but still underway in 2022, although the majority of projects have been transferred to Masen).

Interactive Chart Morocco Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

In its updatd NDC (2021), Morocco set an unconditional target of an 18.3% reduction in GHG emissions by 2030 (compared to a BAU projection); this corresponds to emissions of 116 Mt CO2eq in 2030. The country will have to invest US$18bn to reach this goal. Morocco could commit to a 27% target on condition of international financial support of around US$21.5bn. The action plan consists of 61 options, 34 of which are unconditional. Electricity production and industry are the main contributors to the effort (35% and 30% respectively).