Algeria Energy Information
Algeria Key Figures
GDP growth rate: -5.5 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 3.07 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 12.1%
* at purchasing power parity
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Algeria Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Compared to other developing countries with a similar development level, Algeria's consumption is high (1.3 toe per capita), partly because of consumption and losses in the energy sector (oil & gas production and LNG plants, mainly). Electricity consumption per capita reaches 1 500 kWh (2020).
Total energy consumption dropped by almost 10% in 2020, reaching 59 Mtoe. It grew steadily by 5%/year on average over 2010-2019, except for a small slowdown in 2016-2017.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Algeria Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Oil production (crude oil and NGL) dropped to 60 Mt in 2020. It was stable over 2012-2019 at around 66 Mt, following a period of decline since 2007 from 86 Mt. Around 40% of the crude oil is exported (24 Mt in 2020); that figure has been stable since 2018, but is down from almost 70% in 2005.
Algeria has a refining capacity of 653 kb/d (2020), distributed over 5 refineries: Skikda (472 kb/d); Arzew (75 kb/d); Algiers (72 kb/d, of which 18 kb/d added in 2019); Hassi Messaoud (22 kb/d); and Sbaa (12 kb/d).
Interactive Chart Algeria Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil consumption dropped in 2020 for the second year in a row, reaching 18 Mt (-8% in 2020). It peaked at 20 Mt in 2018, after decreasing over 2015-2017 partly due to higher fuel prices. Oil consumption increased steadily over 2006-2015 (+6%/year).
Transport absorbs almost 75% of total oil products consumption.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Algeria Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Gas consumption decreased by 7% to 44 bcm in 2020. It had been increasing by more than 6%/year over 2010-2019.
Power plants consume 43% of the gas, followed by buildings (residential and services, 28%) and industry (22%) (2020). The remaining 7% is used by the hydrocarbon sector.
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Algeria Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal consumption is low (0.4 Mt in 2020) and is mainly consumed in industry (74%).
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Algeria Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption dropped by 4% in 2020 to 67.5 TWh. It had been increasing very rapidly over 2009-2019(8%/year). The electrification rate is close to 100%.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
The residential sector accounts for 32% of electricity consumption, followed by industry with 30% and services with 23% (2020).
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
In the framework of the new Programme for the Development of Renewable Energy, adopted in 2015, the Government raised the target for renewables to 22 GW by 2030; they will represent 37% of installed capacity and should cover 27% of the country's electricity supply. The bulk of this new capacity should come from solar PV (13.6 GW), followed by wind (5 GW), solar CSP (2 GW), and biomass (1 GW). This development of renewables should save 300 bcm of gas by 2030 (or 8 times the 2014 gas consumption).
Interactive Chart Algeria Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In its NDC, the country announced its aim to reduce GHG emissions by 7% by 2030 compared to a BAU scenario, which could be raised to 22% under the condition of access to new financial resources from bilateral and multilateral partners, as well as clean technology transfer on concessional and preferential terms.
CO2 emissions from energy use contracted by 9% to 135 Mt in 2020 due to reduced energy demand in the context of COVID-19. Emissions had previously increased by 5%/year since 2010.
Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)
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