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Algeria energy report

Algeria energy report
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Algeria energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.


  • The country plans to reduce its dependence on hydrocarbons through a diversification of its exports and the development of renewables, with 16 GW planned for 2030.
  • Two public companies dominate the energy markets: Sonatrach for hydrocarbon production and trade and Sonelgaz for electricity production and distribution, as well as gas distribution.
  • Electricity production has grown more slowly since 2012, at a pace of 4%/year; it is almost entirely based on gas.
  • The share of gas exports is on a downward trend due to rising domestic consumption, despite an increase in 2021.
  • Oil production in 2021 is still 9% below its pre-COVID level.
  • Motor fuel prices increased by 60% between 2015 and 2018 and are still increasing very slowly since then.
  • Gas prices rose sharply in 2019 and are coming back to 2018 levels.
  • Energy prices, however, are very low compared to the European average: around 3 times lower for motor fuels and electricity and 10 times lower for household gas (at purchasing power parity).
  • Energy consumption increased by 2% in 2021, after a 5% reduction in 2020.
  • Algeria aims to attract international investors to offset its declining production and to maintain its exports.
  • To face the expected increase in electricity demand, the country is strongly increasing its electricity production.
  • Natural gas exports are expected to decrease by around 25% in the next five years.


largest shale gas reserves

4 GW

of solar auctioned by 2024


oil production since 2007

  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Energy and Mines is responsible for the energy policy and supervises the public energy companies.

    The Ministry of Energy Transition and Renewable Energies was created in 2020 to implement the country's ambitions in terms of energy transition and development of renewable energy.

  • Energy Companies


    Sonatrach is the largest African gas company and the world's seventh largest LNG exporter and tenth largest natural gas exporter. Sonatrach is trying to reinforce its position in Europe and also wants to diversify its exports by developing gas trade with Asian and Latin American countries.

  • Energy Supply


    Oil production (crude oil and NGL) increased slightly in 2021 to 60 Mt, following a significant decrease in 2020 due to the COVID pandemic (-11%). It was stable over 2012-2019 at around 67 Mt, following a period of decline since 2007 from 86 Mt. Around 34% of the crude oil is exported (20 Mt in 2021); that figure has been decreasing over time, down from almost 70% in 2005.

  • Energy Prices


    The reference gas export price is calculated monthly by ALNAFT, with an indexation on Algerian oil (the Sahara blend), and readjusted every 3 months by ministerial decree.

  • Energy Consumption

    Compared to other developing countries with a similar development level, Algeria's consumption is high (1.4 toe per capita), partly because of consumption and losses in the energy sector (oil & gas production and LNG plants, mainly). Electricity consumption per capita reaches 1 600 kWh (2021).

  • Issues & Prospects


    CREG forecasts an increase of peak demand to a range of 21 to 28 GW in 2028 and production between 102 and 140 TWh. Taking into account the capacities to be retired, the additional capacity to be installed by 2028 amounts to 22.2 GW, of which 10.8 GW are under implementation.

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

The Algeria energy market data since 1990 and up to is included in the Excel file accompanying the Algeria country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Algeria Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Algeria energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).