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Lithuania Energy Information

2019 Lithuania Key Figures

Population: 2.77 million
GDP growth rate: 3.93 %/year
Energy independence: 25.3%

* at purchasing power parity
Total consumption/GDP:* 58.8 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 4.57 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 7.31%

Lithuania Related News

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Lithuania Related Research

Total Energy Consumption

Total energy consumption per capita is 2.8 toe, and around 4000 kWh for electricity (2019); those consumption rates are 10% and 27% below the EU average, respectively.

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Total energy consumption has been increasing by 2%/year since 2015 to 7.6 Mtoe in 2019.

The energy intensity to GDP fell by 3.5%/year between 2000 and 2019, as against 2.3%/year in the European Union.

Interactive Chart Lithuania Total Energy Consumption

More research: Lithuania energy report

Crude Oil Production

Apart from a marginal production of around 70 kt, Lithuania imports all its crude oil (9.6 Mt in 2019), mainly from Russia. It is refined at the Mazeikiai refinery which has a capacity of 15 Mt/year and which operates at around 2/3 of its capacity. The country is a net exporter of oil products (7.4 Mt of exports for 0.9 Mt of imports in 2019).

Interactive Chart Lithuania Crude Oil Production

More research: EMEA Refineries Dataset

Oil Products Consumption

Oil consumption has been rising by 3.6% /year since 2014, reaching 2.9 Mt (2019). It had remained broadly stable at around 2.5 Mt between 2000 and 2014, after nearly halving between 1992 and 2002.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Transport consumes nearly 2/3 of the country's oil products. District heating is the second largest consumer with 11% of total oil consumption (2018). The shares of industry and buildings (residential and services) are limited (11% and 4%, respectively).

Interactive Chart Lithuania Refined Oil Products Production

More research: EMEA Refineries Dataset

Natural Gas Consumption

The natural gas consumption has remained stable since 2016 at around 2.2 bcm after a rapid fall between 2011 and 2016 (-6%/year). Gas consumption had increased rapidly between 2000 and 2007 (+4.9%/year, on average).

Industry accounts for 67% of the total gas consumption (including non-energy uses, mainly fertiliser production), followed by power plants (12%), district heating plants (7%) and the residential-tertiary sector (14%) (2019).

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Interactive Chart Lithuania Natural Gas Domestic Consumption

More research: EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

Coal Consumption

Coal consumption has increased slightly since 2001. After a quick decrease between 2013 and 2015, coal consumption has increased by 5%/year between 2015 and 2018 and dipped in 2019 to reach 1.9 Mt.

Buildings (residential-services sector) absorb 48% of the consumption while industry (mainly non-metallic minerals) accounts for 47% (2019).

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)

Interactive Chart Lithuania Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption

Power Consumption

Electricity demand has increased by 2.3%/year from 2010 to 2018 and remained stable in 2019 (11.2 TWh). Previously, it grew strongly between 2000 and 2008 (+4.6%, on average).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Industry absorbs 34% of electricity consumption, services 32%, and the residential sector 26% (2019). Those shares have remained broadly stable since 2000.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019,%)

Renewable in % Electricity Production

The target of the National Renewable Energy and Climate Action Plan of a 23% share of renewables in final energy consumption was already exceeded since 2016 (24.4% in 2018) mainly thanks to heating (45.6% in 2018 versus 18.4% for power generation and 4.4% for transport).

The NECP aims to reach 45% of renewable in final consumption in 2030 and 80% by 2050.

Interactive Chart Lithuania Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

GHG emissions decreased by nearly 60% between 1990 and 2000. After a 30% rise between 2000 and 2007, offset by significant drops in 2008 and 2009, emissions have remained broadly stable since 2009 and are 57% below 1990 levels (21 Mt).

Lithuania aims to cap the increase in GHG emissions in sectors covered by the EU ETS to 15% compared to the 2005 level (15.5 MtCO2eq). Ahead of the COP 21, Lithuania's NDC includes a binding GHG emission reduction of 40% by 2030 compared to 1990.

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