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Uzbekistan Energy Information

Uzbekistan Key Figures

Population:
34.1 million
GDP growth rate:
0.70 %/year
Energy independence:
99.7%

Data of the last year available: 2020

Total consumption/GDP:*
39.0 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions:
3.70 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses:
3.43%

* at purchasing power parity

View all macro and energy indicators in the Uzbekistan energy report

Uzbekistan Related Research

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Total Energy Consumption

Total energy consumption per capita is about 1.3 toe, while the electricity consumption per capita is around 1 650 kWh (2021).

Total energy consumption increased by 3.7% in 2021 to 47 Mtoe. Previously it had been decreasing by 3%/year between 2018-2020.

Uzbekistan's energy intensity is among the highest in the world, but is decreasing very rapidly (-7%/year since 2000).

Gas represents most of the country's total energy consumption with 85%, followed by oil with 8%, coal and lignite with 5%, and hydropower with 2% (2021).

Interactive Chart Uzbekistan Total Energy Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed fondamentals of the market at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Uzbekistan energy report

Crude Oil Production

Oil production has dropped by 4.5%/year since 2020 to 2.7 Mt in 2021. It remained almost stable over 2015-2019.

In 2021, Uzbekistan had a total oil refining capacity of 232 kb/d from its three refineries located in Ferghana (108 kb/d), Alty-Arik (66 kb/d), and Bukhara (50 kb/d). They are operated at only 20% of their capacity, as demand is limited; only 0.7 Mt of oil products were imported in 2021.

In 2017, Russia started to supply oil to the country through the Omsk-Pavlodar-Shymkent pipeline (12 Mt).

Interactive Chart Uzbekistan Crude Oil Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Renewable in % Electricity Production

In the updated NDC (2021), the government plans to build 5 GW of solar, 3 GW of wind, and 1.9 GW of hydropower capacities by 2030 to cover 25% of the power mix (up from 8% in 2021).

In 2017, the Government launched a state programme to support the development of renewables. According to this programme, the country will invest US$81m and plans to raise US$5.3bn from foreign sources to develop hydro, wind, and solar power by 2025.

Interactive Chart Uzbekistan Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

In its updated NDC, the country plans to reduce the carbon intensity of the GDP by 35% by 2030 from 2010 levels; this target is not very ambitious as in 2021, the carbon intensity was already 46% below its 2010 level. In 2021, it signed an MoU with the EBRD to reach carbon neutrality by 2050 by developing renewables capacities.

CO2 emissions from energy combustion, which decreased by 7%/year between 2011 and 2015, have been rising since then (+3%/year), reaching 113 MtCO2 in 2021.

Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)