Uzbekistan Energy Information
Uzbekistan Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 5.56 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Data of the last year available: 2019
CO2 Emissions: 3.33 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 6.79%
* at purchasing power parity
View all macro and energy indicators in the Uzbekistan energy report
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Uzbekistan Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
In 2019, the total energy consumption per capita was about 1.4 toe, while the electricity consumption per capita was over 1 600 kWh.
Uzbekistan's energy intensity was among the highest in the world, but is now decreasing very rapidly (-6.6%/year since 2000).
The total energy consumption has been increasing by 4.5%/year since 2016, reaching 47 Mtoe in 2019, after a 1.7%/year decline between 2002 and 2016.
Gas represents most of the country's total energy consumption with 85%, followed by oil with 9%, coal and lignite with 5%, and hydropower with 1% (2019).
Interactive Chart Uzbekistan Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Oil production, which fell by nearly 9%/year between 2000 and 2011, has been stabilising since then at around 3 Mt (+4.2% in 2019 to 3.2 Mt).
In 2019, Uzbekistan had a total oil refining capacity of 232 000 bbl/d from its three refineries located in Ferghana (108 000 bbl/d), Alty-Arik (66 000 bbl/d) and Bukhara (50 000 bbl/d). They are operated at only 20% of their capacity, as demand is limited; only 0.6 Mt of oil products were imported in 2019.
In 2017, Russia started to supply oil to the country through the Omsk-Pavlodar-Shymkent pipeline (12 Mt in 2018).
Interactive Chart Uzbekistan Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The government of Uzbekistan has an ambitious project to develop renewables and plans to build 5 GW of solar and 3 GW of wind capacities by 2030 to cover 22% of the power mix. The first competitive auction to develop a utility-scale solar plant (100 MW) in the Navoi region was closed in October 2019. In December 2020, bidders were pre-qualified for two tenders offering 600 MW of solar capacity (200 MW in Surkhandarya region and 400 MW under the Scaling Solar 2 project).
Interactive Chart Uzbekistan Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
Uzbekistan submitted its NDC to the UNFCCC in 2017. The country plans to reduce specific emissions of greenhouse gases per unit of GDP by 10% by 2030 from 2010 levels. In January 2021, it signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) to reach carbon neutrality by 2050 by developing renewables capacities.
CO2 emissions from energy combustion, which decreased by 16% between 2011 and 2016, have been rising since then (+2.6%/year), reaching 112 MtCO2 in 2019.
Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)
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