Uzbekistan energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Uzbekistan energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2020 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Uzbekistan energy report
March 2022
2 files (PDF report, Excel file)
30 (Report only)

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  • The Government has introduced new legislation to attract foreign investments, particularly for renewable and energy efficiency projects.
  • Uzebekenergo and Uzbekneftegaz, the national power and gas utilities, were reorganised in 2019.
  • The country plans to partly privatize the energy and mining sectors.
  • Natural gas accounts for 86% of the power mix.
  • Gas resources are considerable and gas production has ranged between 50 and 65 bcm/year since 2000.
  • Energy prices for domestic consumers are regulated. Household electricity prices are quite subsidised and lower than in neighbouring countries.
  • Energy intensity is decreasing very rapidly.
  • Gas represents 83% of the country's total energy consumption.
  • Uzbekistan is developing its renewables capacity, especially solar, and is planning two nuclear reactors.
  • The commissioning of the fourth line of the Central Asia-China gas pipe has been postponed to 2022.


largest uranium producer in the world (2020)


decrease in total energy intensity (2000-2020)


share of gas in the power mix (2020)


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Energy, that was set up in 2019, is in charge of implementing governmental policies and regulations in the whole energy sector, improving the tariff policy, and developing public-private partnerships.

  • Energy Companies


    Uzbekneftegaz,astate-controlled company, was reorganised in 2019 by merging different subsidiaries in the gas and oil upstream and downstream activities.

  • Energy Supply


    Uzbekistan has large gas reserves (around 867 bcm of proven reserves) and more modest oil reserves (around 80 Mt) (end of 2020). Around 80% of gas reserves are located in the Amu Darya basin in the Bukhara region. The country also has significant uranium reserves (50 Mt).

  • Energy Prices


    The prices of gasoline and diesel increased sevenfold and tenfold, respectively, between 2000 and 2008. The price of gasoline then dropped from US$1.35/l in 2008 to US$0.97/l in 2010 and has dropped by 14% since 2015, reaching US$0.88 in 2020. The price of diesel dropped by 45% between 2015 and 2017 and has stabilized at around US$0.54/l (2020).

  • Energy Consumption

    In 2020, the total energy consumption per capita was about 1.3 toe, while the electricity consumption per capita was over 1 500 kWh.

    Uzbekistan's energy intensity was among the highest in the world, but is now decreasing very rapidly (-6%/year since 2000).

  • Issues & Prospects

    As part of its "Economic Development Vision 2030", the Government plans to transform Uzbekistan into an industrialized middle-income country by achieving a per capita income of US$6 500 by 2030 and US$8 500 by 2040.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Uzbekistan energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: Co2-Energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2020, %)

List of Tables

In the Uzbekistan energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Uzbekistan energy market data since 1990 and up to 2020 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Uzbekistan country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Uzbekistan Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Uzbekistan energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Uzbekistan country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


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