Hong-Kong Energy Information

2019 Hong-Kong Key Figures

Population: 7.51 million
GDP growth rate: -1.2 %/year
Energy independence: 1.29%

* at purchasing power parity
Total consumption/GDP:* 74.2 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 5.81 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 3.74%

Hong-Kong Related News

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Hong-Kong Related Research

Total Energy Consumption

Total per capita energy consumption is about 1.9 toe (2019). Per capita electricity consumption is about 5 990 kWh.

Total energy consumption has been relatively stable since 2007, at around 14 Mtoe.

Coal covers 45% of the country's total energy consumption, oil 27%, gas 19%, and electricity 8% (2019). The share of coal has been increasing since 2000 (from 27%) at the expense of oil (48% in 2000).


Interactive Chart Hong-Kong Total Energy Consumption

More research: Hong-Kong energy report

Crude Oil Production

All of the country's oil products are imported from mainland China.

Interactive Chart Hong-Kong Crude Oil Production

More research: Asia Refineries Dataset

Renewable in % Electricity Production

In February 2020, ENB, the Environment Bureau, presented the details of more than HK$10bn (US$1.3bn) in environmental projects and over HK$3bn (US$387m) in relief measures outlined in the 2020-21 budget, to mitigate climate change, improve air quality, support waste reduction and recycling, as well as enhance environmental protection and provide financial relief sector. Around 20% of this amount (HK$2bn or US$258m) will be earmarked for launching a pilot scheme to subsidise the installation of EV charging-enabling infrastructure in residential buildings.

Interactive Chart Hong-Kong Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

Between 1990 and 2014, GHG emissions increased by almost 55%; they decreased by 8% between 2014 and 2017 and have remained stable since. In 2019, they stood at 40% above their 1990 level at 44 MtCO2.

As a part of China, Hong Kong is obliged to play a part to fulfil China's NDC target, which is to reduce CO2 intensity to GDP by 60% to 65% by 2030 as compared to 2005. According to the "Hong Kong Climate Change Report 2015", Hong Kong plans to reduce its CO2 intensity to GDP by 65% to 70% in 2030 compared to 2005. These targets are equivalent to an absolute reduction of 26% to 36%.

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