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Hong Kong Energy Information

Hong Kong Key Figures

Population:
7.35 million
GDP growth rate:
-3.5 %/year
Energy independence:
1.13%

Data of the last year available: 2022

Total consumption/GDP:*
63.9 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions:
4.38 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses:
3.47%

* at purchasing power parity

View all macro and energy indicators in the Hong Kong energy report

Hong Kong Related Research

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

A data overview is available in the global energy statistics app

Total Energy Consumption

Total energy consumption per capita was 1.6 toe in 2022. Per capita electricity consumption is about 6.1 MWh.

Total energy consumption decreased by 6% in 2022 to reach 11.7 Mtoe, after remaining stable in 2021 and declining by 8.5% in 2020. Previously, it had been fluctuating around 14 Mtoe since 2007.

Gas covers 33% of the country's total energy consumption, coal 31%, oil 26%, and electricity 9% (2022). Coal had the largest share of total energy consumption until 2019 (44% in 2019) and had been increasing since 2000 (from 31%).

Interactive Chart Hong Kong Total Energy Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed fondamentals of the market at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Hong Kong energy report

Crude Oil Production

All of the country's oil products are imported from mainland China. Imports reached 11.4 Mt in 2022, and have decreased sharply since 2018 (-15%/year).

Interactive Chart Hong Kong Crude Oil Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our Asia Refineries Dataset

Renewable in % Electricity Production

In 2018, the ENB launched a solar feed-in tariff (FiT) scheme to encourage the development of small solar PV systems and facilitate the sale of solar power to utilities. Under the scheme, HEC and CLP will buy solar power at HK$4/kWh (US$51c/kWh) for systems up to 10 kW, HK$3/kWh (US$38c/kWh) for systems between 10 kW and 200 kW, and HK$2.5/kWh (US$32c/kWh) for systems up to 1 MW. The FiT rate fixed for a RES when joining the FiT scheme remains unchanged and is valid throughout the project's life or until end-2033, whichever is earlier. The FiT rates are reviewed and published annually.

Interactive Chart Hong Kong Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Learn more about renewables in the Mini grid Africa & Asia markets for village electrification

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

GHG emissions decreased by 4% in 2022 (to 34 Mt) after a 1% reduction in 2021 and a 17% drop in 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Previously, they had decreased by 2.1%/year over 2014-2019, after a progression by 55% from 1990 to 2014.