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Slovakia Energy Information

Slovakia Key Figures

Population: 5.45 million
GDP growth rate: 3.02 %/year
Energy independence: 39.9%

Data of the last year available: 2021
Total consumption/GDP:* 59.4 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 5.99 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 6.63%

* at purchasing power parity

View all macro and energy indicators in the Slovakia energy report

Slovakia Related News

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Slovakia Related Research

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Total Energy Consumption

At 3.3 toe, total energy consumption per capita is 7% above the EU average; power consumption per capita is 14% lower (4 900 kWh) (2021).

Total energy consumption surged in 2021 to 17.9 Mtoe after a 3% drop in 2020, and surpassing their 2019 levels (pre-Covid) by 4.5%. It fell between 2002 and 2014 (-1.3%/year), then recovered until 2017 (+2.9%/year until 2017) before stabilising in 2018.

Interactive Chart Slovakia Total Energy Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed fondamentals of the market at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Slovakia energy report

Crude Oil Production

Slovakia produces very limited amounts of crude oil, which is used in the petrochemical industry only.

All the imported crude oil (5.5 Mt in 2021) comes from Russia through the Druzhba pipeline. The pipeline, with a capacity of 20 Mt/year in the Slovak section, runs through Belarus and Ukraine. Oil is exported to Croatia through the Adria pipeline, which is connected to the Druzhba (Friendship) pipeline. Oil deliveries were partly interrupted in the second quarter of 2019 due to tainted oil flows in the Druzhba pipeline.

Interactive Chart Slovakia Crude Oil Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Oil Products Consumption

In 2021, oil consumption is back to its 2018 levels at 4.1 Mt after it dipped in 2019. Before that, it grew by 3.4%/year between 2013 and 2018. The rebound was mainly carried by industry (including non-energy uses): +31% between 2019 and 2021.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Interactive Chart Slovakia Refined Oil Products Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Natural Gas Consumption

Natural gas consumption, which decreased sharply (-3.9%/year) between 2001 and 2014 then recovered slowly (+1.3%/year) until 2020, soared by 12% in 2021 to 5.5 bcm. The 2021 growth was mainly carried by the power sector (+22%) while all other sectors grew by 10%.

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Interactive Chart Slovakia Natural Gas Domestic Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on the LNG trade, you can request a sample of our EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

Coal Consumption

Coal and lignite consumption grew by 19% in 2021 to 5.3 Mt (same level as 2019), stopping its downward trend since 1990. It had halved between 1990 and 2000, decreased by 30% until 2015 to 6.4 Mt where it had remained broadly stable until 2018. Between 2018 and 2020, coal and lignite consumption had dropped by 29%.

Interactive Chart Slovakia Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed consumption trends at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Slovakia energy report

Power Consumption

Electricity consumption rebounded to 26.5 TWh in 2021 after decreasing for three years with a big drop in 2020 (-5%), in the context of the Covid-19 outbreak. Before that, it had increased by an average of 1%/year between 2010 and 2018.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Electricity is mainly consumed by industry (42%), followed by services (27%) and the residential sector (24%).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021%)

Renewable in % Electricity Production

The national target to increase the share of renewables in final consumption to 14% in 2020 was achieved (17.3% in 2020, of which 23% for electricity, 19.4% for heating and 9.3% for transport. The NECP aims to raise this share to 19% in 2030, including 27% for electricity, 19% for heating, and 14% in transport.

Interactive Chart Slovakia Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Learn more about renewables in the European Renewable Energy Report

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

GHG emissions, which declined until 2013 and rebounded until 2018, contracted by 14% in 2020 to 28.3 MtCO2eq due to the consequences of the Covid 19 pandemic (55% below the 1990 level).

In its NDC, Slovakia has a binding GHG emission reduction target of at least 40% by 2030 compared to 1990. By 2030, Slovakia aims to cut its GHG emissions in the ETS sectors by 43% (as other EU members) and those in the non-ETS sectors by 20% compared to 2005 levels.

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