Slovakia energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Slovakia energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2019 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Slovakia energy report
November 2021
4 files (PDF report, 3 Excel files)
38 (Report only)

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  • By 2030, Slovakia aims to reach 19% of renewables in final energy consumption.
  • Historical companies still dominate the power and gas markets: 65% of power generation for SE and 56% of gas sales to end customers for SPP. E.ON controls most of the power distribution and sales.
  • Slovnaft operates the sole refinery.
  • Nuclear dominates the power mix with more than half of power generation.
  • Most of the oil and gas supplies are imported from Russia.
  • Residential electricity and gas prices are significantly lower than the EU average (by 25 and 35%, respectively) and have decreased considerably since 2013.
  • Primary energy intensity to the GDP fell by 3.3%/year between 2010 and 2019.
  • Gas consumption rose by 8% in 2019, as consumption from the power sector surged by 85%.
  • Two nuclear units will be commissioned in 2022 and will account for the bulk of new capacity additions.
  • Slovakia is strengthening its gas interconnections in Central Europe and is planning a major gas pipeline to Bulgaria.


energy intensity trend from 2000 to 2019


of nuclear in the power mix (2019)


GHG emissions from 1990 to 2019


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    Energy issues are the responsibility of the Ministry of Economy, through its Energy Section.

    The Office for Regulation ofNetwork Industries (URSO) regulates the electricity and gas sector. The Ministry of Economy may reject the decisions taken by the regulator regarding energy prices but is obliged to publish its objections.

  • Energy Supply


    Slovakia's hydrocarbons reserves are limited (4.3 bcm of gas and 1.9 Mt of crude oil at the end of 2019). It has significant reserves of lignite (135 Mt). The country's hydropower potential is estimated at 10 TWh/year.

  • Energy Prices


    Fuel prices rose in 2021 (+8.6% for gasoline and +6% for diesel), following the surge in global crude prices. After a 55% surge between 2002 and 2012, they fell until 2016 (-5.7%/year for gasoline and -7.6%/year for diesel) and recovered until 2018 (+5.9%/year for gasoline and +9.2%/year for diesel). Prices are slightly lower than the EU average.

  • Energy Consumption

    At 3.1 toe, total energy consumption per capita is in line with the EU average; power consumption per capita is 10% lower (5 000 kWh) (2019).

    Total energy consumption declined by 3.2% in 2019 to less than 17 Mtoe. It fell between 2002 and 2014 (-1.3%/year), then recovered until 2017 (+2.9%/year until 2017) before stabilising in 2018.

  • Issues & Prospects


    According to Eustream, gas consumption is expected to remain stable until 2029, at around 135 GWh/d (around 4.8 bcm/year).

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Slovakia energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (€/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (€c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (€c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (9%)
  • GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)

List of Tables

In the Slovakia energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Slovakia energy market data since 1990 and up to 2019 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Slovakia country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Slovakia Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Slovakia energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Slovakia country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


Projections Data (Excel Sheet)

The Slovakia country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
  • Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
  • CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
  • Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
  • Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.

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