Gabon Energy Information

2018 Gabon Key Figures

Population: 2.12 million
GDP growth rate: 0.84 %/year
Energy independence: 100%

* at purchasing power parity
Total consumption/GDP:* 117 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 1.64 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 17.9%

Gabon Related News

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Gabon Related Research

Total Energy Consumption

Energy consumption per capita is around 2.4 toe, including 980 kWh of electricity (2018).


Total consumption has remained quite stable since 2010 at around 5 Mtoe, after a rapid increase between 2000 and 2010 (14%/year, i.e. a 3.5-fold rise).

Biomass (wood, waste) covers about 73% of the country's needs, followed by oil (18%), gas (7%) and hydroelectricity (2%).

Interactive Chart Gabon Total Energy Consumption

More research: Gabon energy report

Crude Oil Production

Oil production has declined by almost 30% since 2010, from 12.4 Mt to around 9 Mt in 2019. It had decreased by 30% between 1997 and 2002, from around 18 Mt to 13 Mt, due to the falling production of the main fields and the decline of reserves. In 2016, Gabon cut its production by 9 000 barrels a day due to an OPEC agreement to limit the production of almost all OPEC members to raise oil prices.

Interactive Chart Gabon Crude Oil Production

More research: EMEA Refineries Dataset

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

In 2016, Gabon submitted its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) with the commitment to reduce its GHG emissions by up to 50% by 2025 as compared to a BAU scenario including LULUCF (Land use change and forestry)). This is equivalent to an emission level 3% above 2000 levels (without LULUCF), or a 72% increase if LULUCF is excluded.

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