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Gabon energy report

Gabon energy report
2 files (PDF report, Excel file)
28 (Report only)
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Gabon energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.


  • Oil represents about 20% of the GDP and 70% of total exports earnings.
  • A new hydrocarbon code was enacted in 2019 to attract investors, assuring much success for the 12th licensing round.
  • Three companies - Perenco, Assala Energy, and Total - control more than 75% of the oil production.
  • SEEG, which was renationalized in 2019, holds the monopoly on power production and distribution.
  • More than half of the electricity is produced from gas.
  • Half of gas production is still flared.
  • Oil production's long decline seems to have stopped with the current upturn.
  • Total energy consumption has remained stable since 2010.
  • Biomass covers around 3/4 of this consumption.
  • Construction of various hydropower projects is planned, but is suffering from several years of delays.


largest oil producer in Sub Saharan Africa



consumption variation since 2010


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Petroleum, Gas, and Mines and the Ministry of Energy and Hydraulic Resources share responsibility for the energy sector.

  • Energy Companies


    Perenco dominates natural gas production (average gross production of 50 mcf/d or 0.5 bcm/year) through 5 fields: Ganga, Ozangue, M'Bya, Breme, and Batanga. It supplies the Owendo (Libreville port) and Port-Gentil power stations through a 450 km pipeline.

  • Energy Supply


    Oil production slightly decreased in 2020 and reached 10.7 Mt (10.9 Mt in 2019), which is still higher than 2018 production thanks to the exploitation of recent discoveries and the effort of companies specialized in maximizing the value of mature fields. Oil production is mainly offshore (81% of the total area).

  • Energy Prices


    Gasoline and diesel are regulated (and subsidised) but they are influenced by both the international price trends and the exchange rate with US dollar. They fell in 2016 as a result of decision made by the government to lower prices following the decline in global oil prices. Prices are similar to its neighbour Cameroon.

  • Energy Consumption

    Primary energy consumption per capita is around 2.3 toe, including 1 005 kWh of electricity (2020).


  • Issues & Prospects


    Faced with a planned electricity demand growth of about 6-8%/year, the country aims to reach a power capacity of 1 200 MW in 2022-23. The share of oil and gas will be reduced to 20%, while the share of hydropower will reach 80%. Plans will include new power plants, as well as extension projects.

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 7: Total consumption market share by energy (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 8: Final consumption market share by sector (2020, %)
  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

The Gabon energy market data since 1990 and up to is included in the Excel file accompanying the Gabon country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Gabon Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Gabon energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Gabon country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.