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Mexico Key Figures

Population:
130 million
GDP growth rate:
4.80 %/year
Energy independence:
80.9%

Data of the last year available: 2021

Total consumption/GDP:*
79.6 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions:
2.85 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses:
11.9%

* at purchasing power parity

View all macro and energy indicators in the Mexico energy report

Mexico Related Research

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

A data overview is available in the global energy statistics app

Total Energy Consumption

Total energy consumption per capita is 1.4 toe and electricity consumption per capita reached around 2 100 kWh (2021).

Total energy consumption rebounded by 5.5% in 2021, back to its pre COVID-19 level of 184 Mtoe. Previously, it had been decreasing slightly since 2013 (by 0.8%/year over 2013-2019).

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Interactive Chart Mexico Total Energy Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed fondamentals of the market at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Mexico energy report

Crude Oil Production

Oil production has been stable at around 95 Mt since 2019, after a rapid decrease since a peak of 191 Mt from 2004 to 2019 (-4.6%/year). Approximately 70% of the production is extracted in the Bay of Campeche, in the south of the Gulf of Mexico (offshore). Mexico's sliding oil production is mainly explained by the decline of the Cantarell field (from 2 mb/d in 2004 to 0.16 mb/d in 2018 and no production since 2019). Around half of the production is exported (56% in 2021).

Interactive Chart Mexico Crude Oil Production

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Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our America Refineries Dataset

Oil Products Consumption

The consumption of oil products increased by 12% in 2021 up to 74 Mt, after a sharp 20% drop in 2020. It had been decreasing between 2013 and 2019 with an acceleration since 2016 (-3%/year compared to -1%/year over 2013-2016). Between 2005 and 2013, it remained largely stable (around 93 Mt).

Transport represents around 50% of the demand, followed by power plants (19%), residential, services and agriculture (12%), and industry (9%).

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Interactive Chart Mexico Refined Oil Products Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our America Refineries Dataset

Natural Gas Consumption

Gas demand increased by 2.2% in 2021 to 94 bcm. It has grown rapidly since 2000 (4.3%/year) with the commissioning of numerous gas power plants (+29 GW).

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

About 48% of gas demand is used by the oil and gas sector, 39% for power production, and 12% by industry (2021). Gas use in buildings (residential and services) remains marginal (1%).

Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)

Interactive Chart Mexico Natural Gas Domestic Consumption

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Additionally, for more detailed information on the LNG trade, you can request a sample of our America LNG Trade Dataset

Coal Consumption

The demand for coal has been decreasing rapidly since 2011 (-8%/year on average), with a more striking reduction in 2020 (-27%), reaching 11.5 Mt in 2021.

Power generation absorbs almost 60% of the coal consumption.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)

Interactive Chart Mexico Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption

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View the detailed consumption trends at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Mexico energy report

Power Consumption

Electricity consumption did not catch up to its pre COVID-19 levels in 2021, showing a 3% increase to 269 TWh, after an 8% decrease in 2020. It had increased by 2.4%/year on average over 2013-2019.

In 2021, industry's share was around 54%, followed by households (23%) and services (17%). About 99% of the population is connected to the grid.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)

Renewable in % Electricity Production

The General Law on Climate Change ("LGCC") set the target of a 35% share for "clean energies" (renewables, nuclear, CHP, and CCS) in total power generation in 2024 (26% reached in 2021), 37.7% in 2030, and 50% in 2050. SENER now expects to reach a share of 50% earlier, in 2034.

Interactive Chart Mexico Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

In its updated NDC (November 2022), the country increased its unconditional GHG emissions reduction target to 35% by 2030 compared to BAU levels (a reduction of 347 MtCO2eq). National resources will account for at least 30%, while 5% will be covered by international cooperation and planned clean energy financing. Emissions of black carbon should be cut by 51% below BAU by 2030. Mexico could raise its emission reduction targets to 40% (black carbon emissions to 70%) conditional to international support and financing.