Tanzania Energy Information

2018 Tanzania Key Figures

Population: 59.1 million
GDP growth rate: 6.95 %/year
Energy independence: 88.3%

* at purchasing power parity
Total consumption/GDP:* 60.5 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 0.18 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 15.3%

Tanzania Related News

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Tanzania Related Research

Total Energy Consumption

The total per capita energy consumption is around 0.35 toe (2018), 37% lower than the Sub-Saharan Africa's average. The per capita electricity consumption reaches around 110 kWh (2018) (70% lower than Sub-Saharan Africa's average).


Total energy consumption has increased rapidly since 2010 (+2.4%/year), reaching 21 Mtoe in 2018.

Total consumption of oil products is growing quickly (around 6%/year over 2010-2018).

Interactive Chart Tanzania Total Energy Consumption

More research: Tanzania energy report

Crude Oil Production

The country does not produce oil.

The 14 900 bbl/d Tanzania and Italian Petroleum Refinery (Tiper), located in Kigamboni (Dar es Salaam), was shut down in 1999.

In 2016, the Kamal Group started operations of a heavy oil refinery in Bagamoyo. The facility produces approximately 27 kt/year of oil and 10 kt/year of lubricant.

Interactive Chart Tanzania Crude Oil Production

More research: EMEA Refineries Dataset

Renewable in % Electricity Production

Under the framework of the 2010 SE4ALL AA, Tanzania intends to double the share of renewables in its energy mix by 2030. Tanzania was selected by the Scaling-Up Renewable Energy Programme (SREP), part of the Climate Investment Funds (CIF).

Since the COP 22, 48 countries, including Tanzania, target 100% domestic renewable energy production without a specific deadline. It bets on geothermal, solar, wind, and hydropower. The country also implemented a National Solar Programme under the framework of the World Solar Programme (WSP).

Interactive Chart Tanzania Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

Tanzania submitted its first NDC (Nationally Determined Contribution) in 2018. It set a GHG emissions reduction target of 10-20% by 2030, compared to a business as usual scenario. The actual target will depend on international support in the form of finance, investment, technology development and transfer, and capacity building. The emissions reduction programme will also be reviewed once again after the first Biennal Update Report (BUR).

CO2 emissions from energy combustion have more than doubled since 2010 (around 8%/year, on average, from 2000 to 2018).

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