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Tanzania energy report

Tanzania energy report
2 files (PDF report, Excel file)
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Tanzania energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.


  • The country aims to double the share of renewables in its energy mix and to decrease its energy intensity by 2.6%/year by 2030.
  • Tanesco, a state-owned utility, owns and operates around 90% of the power capacity.
  • Equinor and Shell controls large gas reserves, but the fields are not in production.
  • Since 2011, power generation is growing rapidly, by more than 5%/year. It is dominated by gas (47%).
  • Gas and coal production remains low; the country imports its entire consumption of oil products.
  • Diesel and gasoline prices are following global trends and are in line with the African average.
  • Biomass is supplying more than 80% of the total consumption.
  • Since 2016, consumption of oil products declined by almost 4%/year.
  • The Power System Master Plan 2020 plans an increase of 11%/year of its power capacity by 2044, to 20 GW.
  • A 2.1 GW hydropower plant is expected to be commissioned in 2022.


share of gas in the power mix


share of biomass in the total energy consumption


of households electrified

  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Energy (MoE) is in charge of the country's energy policy and development, in particular through the Electricity & Renewable Energy Division and the Petroleum & Gas Division, which wascreated in 2017 from the partition of the Ministry of Energy and Minerals.

  • Energy Companies


    The state-owned power utility Tanesco, Tanzania Electric Supply Company Limited, is tasked with the generation, purchasing, transmission, distribution, and selling of electricity to Mainland Tanzania, as well as bulk supply to Zanzibar.

  • Energy Supply


    Tanzania, which does not produce oil, imports its entire consumption of refined products. After a very rapid increase between 2009 and 2014 (16%/year), imports of oil products declined by 1%/year between 2015 and 2020 (including -6% in 2020).

  • Energy Prices


    The electricity tariffs are divided into five levels: Domestic Low Usage (D1), General (T1), Low Voltage (T2), Medium Voltage (T3), and High Voltage (T5).

    The electricity tariff averages 10 US$c/kWh (2020).

  • Energy Consumption

    The total per capita energy consumption is around 0.4 toe (2020), more than a third lower than the average for Sub-Saharan Africa. The per capita electricity consumption was 110 kWh in 2020 (almost 70% lower than the average for Sub-Saharan Africa).

    Total energy consumption declined by 1.5% in 2020, after a 1.3%/year increase between 2013 and 2019.

  • Issues & Prospects


    The Power System Master Plan 2020 (PSMP 2020 Update) forecasts a total capacity of 20 GW in 2044, up from 1.6 GW in 2019, with the following capacity mix: gas 6.7 GW (33%), hydro 5.7 GW (28%), coal 5.3 GW (26%), geothermal 1.0 GW (5%), wind 0.8 GW (4%), and solar 0.7 GW (4%).

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 7: Total consumption market share by energy (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 8: Final consumption market share by sector (2020, %)
  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

The Tanzania energy market data since 1990 and up to is included in the Excel file accompanying the Tanzania country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Tanzania Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Tanzania energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Tanzania country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.