Tanzania energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Tanzania energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2019 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Tanzania energy report
March 2021
3 files (PDF report, 2 Excel files)
29 (Report only)

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  • The country aims to double the share of renewables in its energy mix by 2030 and to decrease its energy intensity by 2.6%/year.
  • TANESCO owns around 90% of the power capacity (2019).
  • Power generation is growing very rapidly: 4.2%/year since 2010. It is dominated by gas (52%).
  • Diesel and gasoline prices are following global trends and are in line with the African average.
  • Biomass is still supplying more than 80% of the total consumption.
  • The Power System Master Plan 2020 Update planned an increase of 11%/year of its power capacity by 2044 to 20 GW.


share of gas in the power mix


share of biomass in the total energy consumption


of households electrified


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Energy (MoE) is in charge of the country's energy policy and development, in particular through the Electricity & Renewable Energy Division and the Petroleum & Gas Division, which wascreated in 2017 from the partition of the Ministry of Energy and Minerals.

  • Energy Companies


    TANESCO, Tanzania Electric Supply Company Ltd(100% state-owned), is the national electric utility in Tanzania mainland. The 2014 Electricity Supply Industry Strategy and Roadmap planned to split TANESCO's generation, transmission, and distribution activities by 2021.

  • Energy Supply


    The country has around 39 bcm of economically recoverable gas reserves (end of 2019). It also has 1.1 Gt of coal reserves in the western part of the country, in particular in Rukwa, Kiwira, and Ngaka, where coal mines are currently under exploitation. The geothermal potential is estimated at 650 MW. Hydropower additional potential could reach 4.7 GW.

  • Energy Prices


    The electricity tariffs are divided into five levels: Domestic Low Usage (D1), General (T1), Low Voltage (T2), Medium Voltage (T3), and High Voltage (T5).

  • Energy Consumption

    The total per capita energy consumption is around 0.37 toe (2019), 34% lower than the Sub-Saharan Africa's average. The per capita electricity consumption was 120 kWh in 2019 (almost 70% lower than the Sub-Saharan Africa's average).

    Total energy consumption has been increasing steadily since 2010 (+2.6%/year), reaching 22 Mtoe in 2019.

  • Issues & Prospects


    In 2017, AfDB approved US$30m for the development of the country's domestic gas sector. Several licensing rounds have been launched in the Indian Ocean and in the Tanganyika lake. In particular, the 2013 round included 7 deep offshore sea blocks and the North Lake Tanganyika block.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Tanzania energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 7: Total consumption market share by energy (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 8: Final consumption market share by sector (2019, %)

List of Tables

In the Tanzania energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Tanzania energy market data since 1990 and up to 2019 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Tanzania country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Tanzania Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Tanzania energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Tanzania country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


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