Australia Energy Information
Australia Key Figures
GDP growth rate: -2.5 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 14.4 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 5.43%
* at purchasing power parity
View all macro and energy indicators in the Australia energy report
Australia Related News
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Australia Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Per capita energy consumption is around 25% higher than the average of OECD countries, amounting to 4.9 toe in 2020, while per capita electricity consumption was 8.9 MWh.
Total energy consumption remained relatively stable between 2008 and 2019, and then decreased slightly by 2% in 2020 to 126 Mtoe as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Interactive Chart Australia Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Australia's production of liquid hydrocarbons (crude oil, condensates, and NGLs) was halved between its peak at 32 Mt in 2000 and 2018, due to the decline in production from mature basins. However, it has increased by 26% since then to 18 Mt, mostly due to its two largest producing basins, the Browse and Carnarvon basins in north-western Australia, which account for 79% of total oil production and where production increased by 25% in FY 2019-2020, in part due to the completion of the Greater Enfield Project in 2019.
Interactive Chart Australia Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
The consumption of oil products rose by 6% between 2015 and 2018 and has decreased by 5% since then, reaching 48 Mtoe.
The transport sector accounts for about 63% of oil consumption.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Australia Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Natural gas consumption increased very rapidly between 2000 and 2019 (3%/year) and then dropped by 3% in 2020, standing at 40 bcm.
Electricity production accounts for 33% of the consumption, the hydrocarbon sector for 26%, industry for 25%, and buildings for around 16%.
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Australia Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal and lignite consumption has declined sharply, by 30%, since its peak in 2009, despite a rebound between 2014 and 2016; it reached 98 Mt in 2020. Most of the consumption goes to power generation (92%).
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Australia Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption decreased by 3% in 2020 to 229 TWh, after a steady increase between 2015 and 2019 of 1%/year on average.
Industry is the largest user of electricity with 32% of electricity consumption, followed by services (30%) and households (26%).
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
Australia's NDC aims to reduce GHG emissions to 26-28% below 2005 levels by 2030. GHG emissions have been decreasing since 2007 and were 15% below their 2005 level in 2019, reaching 531 MtCO2.
The Prime Minister announced in February 2021 that Australia was considering the adoption of a net-zero emissions objective for 2050, echoing a previous similar announcement by the Federal Energy Minister in 2020.
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