Australia Energy Information
Australia Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 1.48 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Data of the last year available: 2021
CO2 Emissions: 13.7 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 4.45%
* at purchasing power parity
View all macro and energy indicators in the Australia energy report
Australia Related News
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Australia Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Per capita energy consumption is around 25% higher than the average of OECD countries, amounting to 5.0 toe in 2021, while per capita electricity consumption was 9.3 MWh.
Total energy consumption remained relatively stable between 2010 and 2021 (between 126 and 128 Mtoe according to the year considered).
Oil, coal (including lignite), and natural gas have comparable market shares in energy consumption (32%, 31%, and 28%, respectively). The share of coal has decreased by 11% since 2010, while the share of natural gas increased by 6%.
Interactive Chart Australia Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Australia's production of liquid hydrocarbons (crude oil, condensates, and NGLs) increased by 40% between 2018 and 2020, reaching 18.5 Mt, but dropped by 10% to 16.6 Mt in 2021. The production is mostly due to its two largest producing basins, the Browse and Carnarvon basins in north-western Australia, in part due to the completion of the Greater Enfield Project in 2019. Previously, oil production had more than halved between its peak at 32 Mt in 2000 and 2018, due to the decline in production from mature basins.
Interactive Chart Australia Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
The consumption of oil products has been decreasing since 2018 by 4%/year, reaching 45 Mtoe in 2021; it remained relatively stable between 2011 and 2017.
The transport sector accounts for about 2/3 of oil consumption, followed by all industries (29%).
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)
Interactive Chart Australia Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Natural gas consumption increased very rapidly between 2006 and 2020 (3.4%/year on average) and dropped by 4% in 2021 to 53 bcm.
Electricity production accounts for 26% of the consumption, the hydrocarbon sector for 45%, industry for 18%, and buildings for around 11%.
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)
Interactive Chart Australia Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal and lignite consumption has declined by 35% since its peak in 2009, reaching 94 Mt in 2021. Most of the consumption goes to power generation (91%) and the remainder to industry.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)
Interactive Chart Australia Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption increased steadily between 2015 and 2020, by 1.3%/year on average, and remained stable in 2021 (240 TWh).
Industry is the largest user of electricity with 33% of electricity consumption, followed by services (27%) and households (26%).
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In June 2022, Australia raised its 2030 carbon emission reduction target to 43% by 2030 (from 2005 levels), up from the previous target of between 26% and 28% set in its updated NDC.
GHG emissions have decreased by 21.5% since 2005, from 621 MtCO2eq to 488 MtCO2eq in 2021, with the goal of 354 MtCO2eq in 2030.
The government committed to reaching net-zero emissions by 2050 in its Long-Term Strategy submitted in November 2021, which has been approved by the Australian senate in September 2022.
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