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Australia Energy Information

Australia Key Figures

Population: 25.8 million
GDP growth rate: -2.5 %/year
Energy independence: 100%

Data of the last year available: 2020
Total consumption/GDP:* 78.9 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 14.7 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 4.97%

* at purchasing power parity

View all macro and energy indicators in the Australia energy report

Australia Related News

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Australia Related Research

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

A data overview is available in the global energy statistics app

Total Energy Consumption

Per capita energy consumption is around 25% higher than the average of OECD countries, amounting to 4.9 toe in 2020, while per capita electricity consumption was 9.2 MWh.

Total energy consumption has remained relatively stable since 2010, with a slight decrease of 1.5% in 2020 to 127 Mtoe.

Oil, natural gas, and coal (including lignite) all have comparable market shares in energy consumption (32%, 30%, and 30%, respectively). The share of coal has decreased by 10% points since 2010, while the share of natural gas increased by 8% points.

Interactive Chart Australia Total Energy Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed fondamentals of the market at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Australia energy report

Crude Oil Production

Australia's production of liquid hydrocarbons (crude oil, condensates, and NGLs) has increased by 40% since 2018 to 18 Mt, mostly due to its two largest producing basins, the Browse and Carnarvon basins in north-western Australia, which account for 79% of total oil production and where production increased by 25% in FY 2019-2020, in part due to the completion of the Greater Enfield Project in 2019. Previously, oil production had more than halved between its peak at 32 Mt in 2000 and 2018, due to the decline in production from mature basins.

Interactive Chart Australia Crude Oil Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our Asia Refineries Dataset

Oil Products Consumption

The consumption of oil products rose by 5% between 2015 and 2018, but has decreased by 8% since then, reaching 46 Mtoe.

The transport sector accounts for about 65% of oil consumption.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)

Interactive Chart Australia Refined Oil Products Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our Asia Refineries Dataset

Natural Gas Consumption

Natural gas consumption has increased very rapidly since 2006 (3.4%/year on average), despite a 2% drop in 2019; it currently stands at 41 bcm.

Electricity production accounts for 37% of the consumption, the hydrocarbon sector for 27%, industry for 22%, and buildings for around 14%.

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)

Interactive Chart Australia Natural Gas Domestic Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on the LNG trade, you can request a sample of our Asia LNG Trade Dataset

Coal Consumption

Coal and lignite consumption has declined sharply, by 34%, since its peak in 2009, despite a rebound between 2014 and 2016; it reached 96 Mt in 2020. Most of the consumption goes to power generation (91%).

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)

Interactive Chart Australia Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed consumption trends at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Australia energy report

Power Consumption

Electricity consumption has increased steadily since 2015 by 1.2%/year on average to reach 239 TWh.

Industry is the largest user of electricity with 33% of electricity consumption, followed by services (29%) and households (25%).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

Australia's NDC aims to reduce GHG emissions to 26-28% below 2005 levels by 2030. GHG emissions have been decreasing since 2007 and were 19% below their 2005 level in 2020, reaching 510 MtCO2.

In November 2021, ahead of the COP26, the government committed to reaching net-zero emissions by 2050.

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