Australia energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Australia energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2021 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Australia energy report
December 2022
2 files (PDF report, Excel file)
45 (Report only)

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  • Australia raised its 2030 carbon emission reduction target to 43% by 2030 compared to 2005 levels.
  • The electricity sector has many local and private companies, whereas the oil and gas sectors are dominated by big international companies.
  • Australia is a large exporter of coal, LNG and uranium, but a net importer of oil.
  • Coal dominates the power mix (53% in 2021), albeit with a decreasing share, while the share of wind and solar is rising (+18 points since 2010), reaching 19% in 2021.
  • Motor fuel prices are around 25% lower than the OECD average in 2021.
  • The share of coal in the energy mix has decreased by 11 points since 2010, while the share of natural gas increased by 6 points. Carbon free sources only account for 10% of the energy mix.
  • Almost 260 GW of renewables projects are under development (90% wind and solar).
  • Two LNG liquefaction plants and tow regasification terminals are under construction.
  • Coal mining projects are facing opposition and cancellations.


worldwide for LNG production


LNG exports since 2015

8 GW

of renewables under construction


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    Australia is a constitutional monarchy with a federal division of powers. The country is made up of six states and two territories: New South Wales (NSW), Queensland (QLD), Victoria (VIC), South Australia (SA), Tasmania (TAS) and Western Australia (WA), and the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) and the Northern Territory (NT). The first three account for around ¾ of the GDP.

  • Energy Supply


    Australia's production of liquid hydrocarbons (crude oil, condensates, and NGLs) increased by 40% between 2018 and 2020, reaching 18.5 Mt, but dropped by 10% to 16.6 Mt in 2021. The production is mostly due to its two largest producing basins, the Browse and Carnarvon basins in north-western Australia, in part due to the completion of the Greater Enfield Project in 2019.

  • Energy Prices


    Motor fuel prices follow international oil prices: decreasing between 2019 and 2020 and increasing by 35/27% in 2021 to US$1.13/l and US$1.08/l for gasoline and diesel, respectively. These prices are around 25% lower than the OECD average.


  • Energy Consumption

    Per capita energy consumption is around 25% higher than the average of OECD countries, amounting to 5.0 toe in 2021, while per capita electricity consumption was 9.3 MWh.

    Total energy consumption remained relatively stable between 2010 and 2021 (between 126 and 128 Mtoe according to the year considered).

  • Issues & Prospects

    Australia's thermal coal exports are forecast to increase by 2.5%/year between 2020-21 and 2023-24 to 207 Mt, according to the last Resources and energy quarterly (December 2022): by the Ministry of Industry. In parallel, the thermal coal output should rise by 4.3%/year to 257 Mt in 2023-24.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Australia energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)

List of Tables

In the Australia energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Australia energy market data since 1990 and up to 2021 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Australia country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Australia Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Australia energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Australia country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


Projections Data (Excel Sheet)

The Australia country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
  • Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
  • CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
  • Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
  • Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.

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