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Netherlands Energy Information

The Netherlands Key Figures

Population: 17.4 million
GDP growth rate: -4.1 %/year
Energy independence: 40.2%

Data of the last year available: 2020
Total consumption/GDP:* 74.8 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 8.69 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 4.57%

* at purchasing power parity

View all macro and energy indicators in the The Netherlands energy report

The Netherlands Related News

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The Netherlands Related Research

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

A data overview is available in the global energy statistics app

Total Energy Consumption

Energy consumption per capita reached 4 toe in 2020 and is around 25% higher than the EU average, mainly because of the large refining and petrochemical industries. Per capita electricity consumption is 6 400 kWh, which is 20% above the EU average.

Total energy consumption has decreased by -1.6%/year at normal climate since 2017 (-1.5% in 2020) to reach 70 Mtoe in 2020. Previously, it had increased by 1.4%/year over 2015-2017.

Interactive Chart The Netherlands Total Energy Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed fondamentals of the market at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the The Netherlands energy report

Crude Oil Production

The country plays a major role in Europe's oil supply, both in terms of exported volumes, as well as in terms of fixing the oil price (spot market of Rotterdam). In addition, the port of Rotterdam is a key location for oil transit in Europe. The Netherlands produced 55 Mt of oil products in 2020 (-10.5%).

The country is a net exporter of oil products: exports reached 92 Mt in 2020 (-13%) and imports 73 Mt (-13%). Exports mainly went to Germany (19%) and Belgium (16%), while imports mainly came from Belgium (24%) and the United Kingdom (12%).

Interactive Chart The Netherlands Crude Oil Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Oil Products Consumption

Oil consumption decreased by an average of 3%/year since 2017 (including -2% in 2020) to reach 25 Mt. Oil demand rose by 1.7%/year between 2014 and 2017. Previously, oil consumption had decreased by 2.2%/year, on average, between its peak in 2007 and 2014.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Oil consumption is almost exclusively confined to captive uses, which absorb almost 90% of the total: industry (52%) and transport (34%, -5% points in 2020).

Interactive Chart The Netherlands Refined Oil Products Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Natural Gas Consumption

Over 2015-2019, gas consumption increased by 2%/year on average and declined by around 2% in 2020).

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

The residential-tertiary sector accounts for 35% of the natural gas consumption (2020). Almost all households use gas for cooking and heating (98%). Electricity production represented 40% of gas consumption.

Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)

Interactive Chart The Netherlands Natural Gas Domestic Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on the LNG trade, you can request a sample of our EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

Coal Consumption

Coal is mainly consumed for power generation (51%). Since 2015, the decline of coal consumption has accelerated from -8% in 2016 to -37% in 2020 to 6 Mt, due to the closures of coal-fired power plants. Previously, coal consumption saw a strong progression between 2011 and 2015 thanks to the gas-to-coal switch (+50%, including a 22% surge in 2015), bringing it to 18 Mt.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)

Interactive Chart The Netherlands Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed consumption trends at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the The Netherlands energy report

Power Consumption

Electricity consumption declined by 1.2%/year since 2018 to 111 TWh, after a progression of 1.2% per year between 2015 and 2018. Electricity consumption had previously decreased slightly over 2009-2014 (-0.8%/year).

Electricity represents 16% of final energy consumption in 2020.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

The services sector is the largest electricity user (31% in 2020), followed by industry (31%), and residential sector (22%).

Renewable in % Electricity Production

EZK is in charge of renewable energy policy, including the Stimulation of Sustainable Energy Production (SDE++ since 2020, Stimulering Duurzame Energieproductie) programme.

The national target to increase the share of renewables in final consumption to 14% in 2020, according to the European Directive on renewables, has not been reached and was only 11.1%, according to CBS (up from 8.8% in 2019. Consequently, the country had to buy between 8 and 16 TWh of renewable energy from Denmark to achieve its target.

Interactive Chart The Netherlands Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Learn more about renewables in the European Renewable Energy Report

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

GHG Emissions increased by 1.1% in 2019 and were 18% below their 1990 level. Between 2015-2018, emissions decreased by 1.6%/year in average.

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