Netherlands Energy Information
2019 The Netherlands Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 1.81 %/year
Energy independence: 46.4%
* at purchasing power parity
CO2 Emissions: 9.84 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 4.61%
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The Netherlands Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Energy consumption per capita (4.1 toe in 2019) is 24% higher than the EU average, mainly because of the large refining and petrochemical industries. Per capita electricity consumption is 6 400 kWh, which is 14% above the EU average.
After a 1.4%/year increase over 2015-2017, total energy consumption decreased by -2.1% in 2018 and 2019 to 71 Mtoe.
Interactive Chart The Netherlands Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Crude oil production is low (1.1 Mt in 2019). Crude imports (65 Mt in 2019) mainly come from Russia (27%) and the UK (13%) (2019).
Interactive Chart The Netherlands Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
After a 3.5% decrease in 2018, oil consumption increased by 6.7% in 2019 to 26 Mt. Oil demand rose by 1.7%/year between 2014 and 2017. Previously, oil consumption had decreased by 1.5%/year, on average, between its peak in 2004 and 2014.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Oil consumption is almost exclusively confined to captive uses, which absorb almost 90% of the total: industry (48%) and transport (40%).
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart The Netherlands Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Over 2015-2019, gas consumption increased by 2.2%/year.
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
The residential-tertiary sector accounts for 34% of the natural gas consumption in 2019. Almost all households use gas for cooking and heating (98%). Electricity production represented 39% of gas consumption.
Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart The Netherlands Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal is mainly consumed for power generation (63%). Since 2015, coal consumption has decreased on average by 13%/year due to the closures of coal-fired power plants, reaching 10 Mt in 2019. Previously, coal consumption saw a strong progression between 2011 and 2015 thanks to the gas-to-coal switch (+50%, including a 22% surge in 2015), bringing it to 18 Mt.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart The Netherlands Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption increased between 2015 and 2018 at a rhythm of 1.2% per year and remained stable in 2019 (112 TWh). Electricity consumption had previously decreased slightly, by 0.8% per year over 2009-2014.
Electricity represents 16% of final energy consumption in 2019.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
The services sector is the largest electricity user (32% in 2019), followed by industry (32%), and residential sector (20%).
Renewable in % Electricity Production
EZK is in charge of renewable energy policy, including the Stimulation of Sustainable Energy Production (SDE+, Stimulering Duurzame Energieproductie) programme.
Interactive Chart The Netherlands Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In 2019, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions declined by 3% to 183 MtCO2eq, 18% below their 1990 level.
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