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Netherlands Energy Information

The Netherlands Key Figures

Population: 17.3 million
GDP growth rate: 1.70 %/year
Energy independence: 46.5%

Data of the last year available: 2019
Total consumption/GDP:* 73.5 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 9.26 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 4.49%

* at purchasing power parity

View all macro and energy indicators in the The Netherlands energy report

The Netherlands Related News

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The Netherlands Related Research

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

A data overview is available in the global energy statistics app

Total Energy Consumption

Energy consumption per capita (4.1 toe in 2019) is 24% higher than the EU average, mainly because of the large refining and petrochemical industries. Per capita electricity consumption is 6 500 kWh, which is 15% above the EU average.

Total energy consumption has decreased by -2.1%/year since 2017 to reach 72 Mtoe in 2019. Previously, it had increased by 1.4%/year over 2015-2017.

Interactive Chart The Netherlands Total Energy Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed fondamentals of the market at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the The Netherlands energy report

Crude Oil Production

Crude oil production is low (1.1 Mt in 2019). Crude imports (65 Mt in 2019) mainly come from Russia (27%) and the UK (13%) (2019).

Interactive Chart The Netherlands Crude Oil Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Oil Products Consumption

Oil consumption decreased by an average of 3.4%/year between 2017 and 2019 to reach 25 Mt. Oil demand rose by 1.7%/year between 2014 and 2017. Previously, oil consumption had decreased by 2.2%/year, on average, between its peak in 2007 and 2014.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Oil consumption is almost exclusively confined to captive uses, which absorb almost 90% of the total: industry (46%) and transport (42%).

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)

Interactive Chart The Netherlands Refined Oil Products Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Natural Gas Consumption

Over 2015-2019, gas consumption increased by 2%/year.

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

The residential-tertiary sector accounts for 36% of the natural gas consumption in 2019. Almost all households use gas for cooking and heating (98%). Electricity production represented 38% of gas consumption.

Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)

Interactive Chart The Netherlands Natural Gas Domestic Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on the LNG trade, you can request a sample of our EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

Coal Consumption

Coal is mainly consumed for power generation (65%). Since 2015, coal consumption has decreased on average by 13%/year due to the closures of coal-fired power plants, reaching 10 Mt in 2019. Previously, coal consumption saw a strong progression between 2011 and 2015 thanks to the gas-to-coal switch (+50%, including a 22% surge in 2015), bringing it to 18 Mt.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)

Interactive Chart The Netherlands Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed consumption trends at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the The Netherlands energy report

Power Consumption

Electricity consumption remained stable in 2019 (114 TWh), after a 1.2% per year increase between 2015 and 2018. Electricity consumption had previously decreased slightly over 2009-2014 (-0.8%/year).

Electricity represents 16% of final energy consumption in 2019.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

The services sector is the largest electricity user (32% in 2019), followed by industry (31%), and residential sector (21%).

Renewable in % Electricity Production

EZK is in charge of renewable energy policy, including the Stimulation of Sustainable Energy Production (SDE++ since 2020, Stimulering Duurzame Energieproductie) programme.

Interactive Chart The Netherlands Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Learn more about renewables in the European Renewable Energy Report

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

GHG Emissions increased by 1.1% in 2019 and were 18% below their 1990 level. Between 2015-2018, emissions decreased by 1.6%/year in average.

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