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Netherlands energy report

Netherlands energy report
4 files (PDF report, 3 Excel files)
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Netherlands energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.


  • The National Climate Agreement targets a 49% reduction in GHG emissions by 2030. Production at the Groningen gas field has stopped on 1 October 2023.
  • The three largest power generators are RWE, Eneco, and Vattenfall.
  • NAM is the largest oil and gas producer with around 60% of the market share for gas and 70% for oil.
  • Gas production has dropped by 79% since 2013.
  • Solar capacity soared by more than 8 GW in 2022 and now represents 40% of the total.
  • The share of renewables in the power mix has increased by 30 points since 2010 to 41%.
  • Electricity and gas prices for households tripled in 2022.
  • The excise price on gasoline and diesel fell by 30% from April 2022 to June 2023, before increasing again since July 2023. The country has the highest gasoline price in the EU.
  • Total energy consumption decreased by 12% in 2022.
  • Oil and natural gas dominate the energy mix (39% and 37% in 2022, respectively).
  • The government set a target of 21 GW of offshore wind in 2030 and 50 GW in 2040.
  • Gasunie aims to build a 10 GW national transport network for hydrogen by 2027.
10 GW
hydrogen transport network by 2027
GHG emissions reduction target by 2030
end of gas production at Groningen field
  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate Policy (EZK), through the Directorate-General for Climate and Energy, oversees the establishment of national energy and climate policies.

    The Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management, through the Directorate-General for the Environment and International Affairs (DGMI), is responsible for environmental policy.

  • Energy Companies


    NAM is the largest oil producer, with around 0.9 Mt in 2022 (70% of total production). It is followed by Dana (0.2 Mt) and Neptune Energy (0.1 Mt).

  • Energy Supply


    Crude oil production is low (less than 1 Mt in 2022). Crude imports (63 Mt in 2021) mainly came from Russia and the UK (25% and 16% in 2021, respectively).

  • Energy Prices


    Netherlands had the most expensive gasoline in the EU in 2022 (€2.07/l) due to its high excise tax (0.8/l).

  • Energy Consumption

    Energy consumption per capita reached 3.6 toe in 2022 and is around 22% higher than the EU average, mainly because of the large refining and petrochemical industries. Per capita electricity consumption is 6 129 kWh, which is 10% above the EU average.

  • Issues & Prospects

    According to NEO 2022, the primary energy consumption is forecast to decline by around 7% over 2021-2030. The decline would mainly come from space heating for final consumption and would mostly affect natural gas for primary consumption.

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (€/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (€c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (€c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

The Netherlands energy market data since 1990 and up to is included in the Excel file accompanying the Netherlands country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Netherlands Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Netherlands energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Netherlands country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
  • Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
  • CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
  • Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
  • Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.