The Netherlands energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive The Netherlands energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2020 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

The Netherlands energy report
January 2022
4 files (PDF report, 3 Excel files)
39 (Report only)

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  • The National Climate Agreement targets a 49% reduction in GHG emissions by 2030.
  • A CO2 tax for industrial production and waste incineration at €30/t was implemented in January 2021.
  • Power generation is dominated by RWE, Vattenfall, Eneco, and Engie.
  • The State plays a central role in the gas market through its participation in the largest companies.
  • Vattenfall, Essent, and Eneco are the main power and gas suppliers on the retail market.
  • Gas production has dropped by more than 70% since 2013.
  • The country plays a central role in Europe's oil supply, with 60% of the oil product output being exported.
  • The share of renewables in the power mix increased by 6% points in 2020 to 25%.
  • Gasoline prices are the highest in the EU. Electricity prices for households decreased by 36% in 2020.
  • Electricity and gas prices for industry increased significantly in 2020.
  • Natural gas dominates the energy mix (45% in 2020).
  • Oil consumption is driven by the large petrochemical industry and refining sector.
  • Coal consumption has been decreasing rapidly since 2015.
  • Shell, Groningen Seaports Gasunie, and the province of Groningen launched the 10 GW NortH2 project in 2020 to produce hydrogen using offshore wind.


gas producer in the European Union

3 GW

additional solar capacity in 2020


end of gas production at Groningen field


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate Policy (EZK), through the Directorate-General for Climate and Energy, oversees the establishment of national energy and climate policies.

    The Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management, through the Directorate-General for the Environment and International Affairs (DGMI), is responsible for environmental policy.

  • Energy Companies


    NAM is the largest oil producer, with around 0.4 Mt in 2019 (45% of total production). It is followed by Dana (0.2 Mt) and Neptune Energy (0.18 Mt).

  • Energy Supply


    Gas production dropped by more than 70%, from 87 bcm in 2013 to 24 bcm in 2020, due to the production cap imposed on the Groningen field.

    Imports increased from 24 bcm in 2011 to 60 bcm in 2020 (+150%). In 2019, they mainly came from Germany (29%), Russia (24%), Belgium (20%), and Norway (16%). The country became a net importer in 2018. In 2020, the deficit was 20 bcm.

  • Energy Prices


    In 2020, electricity prices for households increased by 1% (€20.4c/kWh). Electricity prices for industry increased by 53% in 2020 to €13.2c/kWh.


  • Energy Consumption

    Energy consumption per capita reached 4 toe in 2020 and is around 25% higher than the EU average, mainly because of the large refining and petrochemical industries. Per capita electricity consumption is 6 400 kWh, which is 20% above the EU average.

  • Issues & Prospects

    According to NEO 2020, the primary energy consumption is forecast to decline by 8.5% over 2018-2030. The decline would mainly come from space heating for final consumption and would mostly affect natural gas for primary consumption.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the The Netherlands energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (€/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (€c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (€c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %)

List of Tables

In the The Netherlands energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The The Netherlands energy market data since 1990 and up to 2020 is included in the Excel file accompanying the The Netherlands country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • The Netherlands Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the The Netherlands energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The The Netherlands country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


Projections Data (Excel Sheet)

The The Netherlands country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
  • Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
  • CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
  • Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
  • Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.

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