Japan Energy Information
Japan Key Figures
GDP growth rate: -4.8 %/year
Energy independence: 13.0%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 7.77 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 4.43%
* at purchasing power parity
View all macro and energy indicators in the Japan energy report
Japan Related News
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Japan Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Energy consumption per capita decreased from 4.1 toe in 2000 to 3.1 toe in 2020. Electricity consumption per capita was around 7200 kWh in 2020.
Total energy consumption has been decreasing since 2010 (by 2%/year on average over 2010-2019 and by 7% in 2020) to 386 Mtoe in 2020.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Japan Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Japan is the world's fifth largest oil importer. Crude oil imports have been decreasing since 2000 (-2%/year over 2010-2019 and -16% in 2020. Slower economic growth coupled with structural trends in the transport sector (shift to electric cars and reduced car use among young generations) and the gradual phaseout of oil-fired power plants are reducing the oil demand.
Supplies are diversified, but mainly come from the Middle East (around 90%). Japan's main suppliers are Saudi Arabia (around 40%) and the United Arab Emirates (25%).
Interactive Chart Japan Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil product consumption has been generally decreasing steadily since 1996, except between 2010 and 2012, with the oil demand from power plants increasing by 80% to compensate for the closure of nuclear plants. It declined by 4.5%/year between 2012 and 2020 to reach 140 Mt in 2020, as utilities progressively switched to coal.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Interactive Chart Japan Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Two thirds of natural gas is used for power generation. Gas consumption increased by 21% following the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster in 2011 and has declined since 2013 by -2.4%/year on average.
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Japan Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal consumption has been declining slightly since 2013, by 1.1%/year over 2013-2019 and by 8% in 2020, reaching 171 Mt. It increased rapidly between 2000 and 2007 (3%/year) with most of the utilities switching to this cheap fuel.
Electricity production uses 67% of the coal consumed, and the remainder is consumed by industry, mainly by the iron and steel industry.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Japan Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption has generally been decreasing since 2010, especially since 2016 (-3%/year on average).
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Industry accounts for 35% of electricity consumption, followed by services (32%) and households (29%).
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
In the Energy White Paper (2020), renewables are recognised as a major energy source for Japan's future. The plan aims to raise the share of renewables in the power mix to 22-24% (including hydropower) in 2030, with plans to make renewables Japan's main power source by 2050 (18% in 2020).
Feed-in tariffs (FiTs), which were introduced for solar PV in 2009 (for surplus electricity production only) and to other renewables in 2011, were removed in February 2020 for large solar PV projects (>250 kW) and replaced by a tendering program initiated by the METI.
Interactive Chart Japan Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In April 2021, Japan has raised its target reduction of GHG emissions for 2030 from 26% in its NDC to 46% (2013 as base year). In 2016, the country ratified the Paris Agreement on climate change.
GHG emissions dropped by 3.9% in FY 2019 for a fifth straight year and by 12% from FY 2013 to FY -2019.
The long-term goal, announced in 2019 in the long-term growth strategy under the Paris Agreement, is to become carbon neutral in 2050.
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