Japan energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Japan energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2020 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Japan energy report
April 2021
4 files (PDF report, 3 Excel files)
40 (Report only)

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  • In April 2021, Japan has raised its target reduction of GHG emissions for 2030 from 26% to 46%.
  • Ten vertically integrated private companies account for around two thirds of the power production.
  • JXTG Nippon Oil & Energy is the largest oil company, accounting for 50% of gasoline sales.
  • Tokyo Gas and Osaka Gas account for 70% of the gas supply.
  • LNG imports are declining rapidly since 2016.
  • Japan ranks third in the world for solar PV capacity and coal imports.
  • Carbon free sources represent 30% of the power mix.
  • The price of electricity in industry is almost 30% higher than in EU countries.
  • Energy consumption is decreasing and was 23% lower in 2020 than in 2010, which resulted in a very rapid decrease in energy intensity to the GDP (3%/year).
  • The country is facing pressure to reach its 2030 CO2 emissions and power mix targets, leading to tighter regulations for coal projects, an increase in the gas import capacity, and the development of CCS projects.


LNG importer in the world


solar PV capacity in the world


annual decrease in energy intensity since 2010


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The METI, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, is in charge of the energy sector through ANRE, Agency for Natural Resources and Energy. ANRE has three departments: the Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Department, the Natural Resources and Fuel Department, and the Electricity and Gas Industry Department.

  • Energy Companies


    Three companies account for more than 80% of the gas supply: Tokyo Gas (14 bcm of sales), Osaka Gas (7.9 bcm),and Toho Gas (3.9 bcm) (FY 2019). There are around 200 gas companies, 85% of which are private; they are grouped together in JGA, Japan Gas Association.

  • Energy Supply


    Japan is the world's largest LNG importer. Over 2014-2020, imports decreased by around 3%/year to 95 bcm in 2020. LNG imports represent approximately 20% of the world's total LNG trade. Between 2010 and 2014, imports increased rapidly to compensate the drop in nuclear production.

  • Energy Prices


    The average price is US$1.28/l for gasoline and US$1.09/l for diesel in 2020. Prices followed international oil prices until 2020, declining between 2012 and 2016 and increasing slightly up to 2018. Japanese customers pay one of the highest gasoline prices in the Asia Pacific region, after Hong Kong and South Korea. Diesel prices are about 30% higher than in China.

  • Energy Consumption

    Energy consumption per capita decreased from 4.1 toe in 2000 to 3.1 toe in 2020. Electricity consumption per capita was around 7200 kWh in 2020.

    Total energy consumption has been decreasing since 2010 (by 2%/year on average over 2010-2019 and by 7% in 2020) to 386 Mtoe in 2020.


  • Issues & Prospects

    Using its Global Energy Forecasting Model POLES (baseline called Enerblue 2020), Enerdata foresees the share of oil to account for 26% of the primary energy consumption by 2040, while the share of natural gas would be around 38% and the share of coal around 11%. The remainder (25%) would be covered by nuclear, renewables, and biomass.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Japan energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2020)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %)

List of Tables

In the Japan energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Japan energy market data since 1990 and up to 2020 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Japan country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Japan Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Japan energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Japan country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


Projections Data (Excel Sheet)

The Japan country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
  • Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
  • CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
  • Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
  • Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.

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