India Energy Information
India Key Figures
GDP growth rate: -7.4 %/year
Energy independence: 65.0%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 1.59 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 18.3%
* at purchasing power parity
View all macro and energy indicators in the India energy report
India Related News
View all news, archive your new and create your own daily newsletters only on your topics/countries of interest with Key Energy Intelligence
India Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Total energy consumption per capita remains around 0.7 toe (2020), half the Asian average. Electricity consumption per capita reached 860 kWh in 2020, around the two thirds of the Asian average.
Due to Covid-19 crisis, total energy consumption fell by 3.4% in 2020 to 908 Mtoe. Over 2010-2019 it was increasing rapidly (+3.3%/year).
Coal is the country's top energy source with a share of 44% in 2020, followed by oil (24%) and biomass (22%). Natural gas covers 6% and primary electricity (hydro, nuclear, solar, and wind) 4%.
Interactive Chart India Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Oil production has decreased by around 6% in 2020 to 35 Mt.
Net oil imports fell by 7.3% in 2020 due to the Covid-19 crisis. However, given the rapid growth in oil demand, India remains the world's third largest importer of crude oil with imports of 201 Mt in 2020 (+23% compared to 2010). In 2020, crude oil imports represented 81% of the country's oil needs (- 3% points). India is a net oil products exporter (13 Mt in 2020, -39%).
Interactive Chart India Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
As a consequence of Covid-19 crisis, oil product consumption fell sharply in 2020 to 193 Mt (-9.7%). It had increased rapidly over 2010-2019 (4.6%/year).
Of the total consumption for 2020, 40% is used in transport, 30% in industry (including non-energy uses), and 21% in the residential, services and agriculture sector. The remainder is consumed in power plants (2%) and in the hydrocarbon industry (7%).
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Interactive Chart India Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Gas consumption remained stable in 2020 (63 bcm). From 2014, when it dropped to 52 bcm due to supply problems, until 2017, gas consumption had increased by 6.1%/year, then stabilised around the current level.
Industry is the main consumer of gas with 46% in 2020 (mainly fertiliser plants). It is followed by electricity production (29%) and, to a much lesser extent, transport (5%) and the residential and services sector (6%).
Interactive Chart India Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal and lignite consumption fell by around 4% to 976 Mt in 2020. Since 2014 its progression has slowed down to around 2.4%/year, exceeding 1 Gt in 2018 for the first time.
In 2020, power generation and industry were the main consumers of coal and lignite, with 70% and 25%, respectively (4% only for households and services).
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart India Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption slightly decreased in 2020 to 1 200 TWh (-2.3%). It had stagnated in 2019 after strong growth started since 2010 (6.6%/year over 2010-2018).
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
IREDA, the Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency, finances the development of renewables. SECI, Solar Energy Corporation of India, under MNRE, manages the implementation of the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM), which aims to deploy 100 GW of solar power over 2010-2022.
Interactive Chart India Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In its first NDC, India aims to reduce its CO2 emission intensity of GDP by 33-35% by 2030 relative to 2005. It also aims for 40% of the total electricity capacity to be based on non-fossil fuel sources by 2030 (32% in 2020).
In 2019, the government announced a 100% railways electrification target in 2030 as part of its strategy to reduce its CO2 emissions.
Secured payment by