India Energy Information
India Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 4.18 %/year
Energy independence: 61.4%
Data of the last year available: 2019
CO2 Emissions: 1.70 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 18.3%
* at purchasing power parity
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India Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Total energy consumption per capita remains around 0.7 toe (2019), half the Asian average. Electricity consumption per capita was less than 900 kWh in 2019, 66% below the Asian average.
Total energy consumption is increasing rapidly (+3.3%/year over 2010-2019), reaching 940 Mtoe in 2019. Coal is the country's top energy source with a stable share (44% of total energy consumption in 2019), followed by oil (26%) and biomass (20%). Natural gas covers 6% and primary electricity (hydro, nuclear, solar, and wind) 4%.
Interactive Chart India Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Oil production has decreased slightly since 2011 (-1.5%/year) to 38 Mt in 2019 and is expected to further decrease in FY2020, as from January to November 2020 production already decreased by 6%.
Interactive Chart India Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil product consumption has increased rapidly since 2010 (4.7%/year) to reach 229 Mt in 2019. As a consequence of the coronavirus crisis, this consumption dropped sharply in the first months of 2020 and has decreased by 11% over the first 10 months of 2020 compared to the same period in 2019.
Of 2019's total consumption, 42% is used in transport, 30% in industry, and 20% in the residential, services and agriculture sector. The remainder is consumed in power plants (2%) and in the coal and hydrocarbon sector ("others", 6%).
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Interactive Chart India Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Gas consumption has increased by 4%/ year since 2014 to 63 bcm in 2019, as the country imported more LNG. It fell in the first months of 2020 before recovering in the second half of the year. Before gas consumption soared over 2009-2011 to reach 60 bcm, and then dropped to 52 bcm in 2014 due to supply problems.
In 2019, industry is the main consumer of gas with 47% (mainly fertiliser plants). It is followed by electricity production (27%) and, to a much lesser extent, transport (5%) and the residential and services sector (6%).
Interactive Chart India Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal and lignite consumption increased rapidly over the 2000-2014 period (+6.4%/year), then slowed down over 2014-2019 (+2.4%/year), exceeding 1 Gt in 2019. India's coal consumption for 2020 is likely to be determined by the magnitude of the coronavirus pandemic, as India's 2020 lockdown already decreased electricity production and stopped projects that use coal as fuel.
In 2019, power generation and industry were the main consumers of coal and lignite, with 71% and 24%, respectively (4% only for households and services).
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Interactive Chart India Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption had increased sharply at an average of 6.6%/year over 2010-2018, only progressed by 1% in 2019 reaching 1 218 TWh. According to preliminary estimates, electricity consumption fell by 5% in the first 9 months of 2020 before recovering.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
IREDA, the Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency, financed the development of renewables. The Solar Energy Corporation of India (SECI), under the administrative control of the MNRE, manages the implementation of the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM), which aims to deploy 100 GW of solar power over 2010-2022.
Interactive Chart India Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In its first NDC, India aims to reduce its CO2 emission intensity of GDP by 33-35% by 2030 relative to 2005. It also aims for 40% of the total electricity capacity to be based on non-fossil fuel sources by 2030.
In 2019, the government announced a 100% railways electrification target in 2030 as part of its strategy to reduce its CO2 emissions.
CO2 emissions from energy use have more than quadrupled since 1990. After a high increase over 2005-2014 (7.2%/year on average), and a relative stability until 2016, CO2 emissions have increased less rapidly since then (4%/year).
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