eStore

Egypt Energy Information

Egypt Key Figures

Population: 104 million
GDP growth rate: 3.33 %/year
Energy independence: 98.4%

Data of the last year available: 2021
Total consumption/GDP:* 80.5 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 2.35 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 12.0%

* at purchasing power parity

View all macro and energy indicators in the Egypt energy report

Egypt Related News

View all news, archive your new and create your own daily newsletters only on your topics/countries of interest with Key Energy Intelligence

Egypt Related Research

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

A data overview is available in the global energy statistics app

Total Energy Consumption

Energy consumption per capita stands at 0.97 toe in 2021, including 1 700 kWh of electricity.

Total energy consumption rebounded by 6% in 2021, after a 1% decrease in 2020. Previously, it had increased by around 4%/year between 2013 and 2019.

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Interactive Chart Egypt Total Energy Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed fondamentals of the market at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Egypt energy report

Crude Oil Production

Since 2014, oil production has declined by an average of 2.7%/year, reaching 29 Mt in 2021. Production is concentrated in the Western Desert (56%) and the Gulf of Suez (20%).

Egypt is a net exporter of crude oil, with 5.8 Mt in 2021.

The country has a refining capacity of 810 kb/d (end of 2021). The capacity increased in 2020 with the commissioning of a new refinery in Qalioubiya (94 kb/d).

Interactive Chart Egypt Crude Oil Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Oil Products Consumption

In 2021, oil consumption rebounded by around 9%, after a 3.6% decline in 2020. Previously, oil consumption rose by 2.7% in 2019. It declined by 4.8%/year between 2015 and 2019.

The largest share of the oil consumption is absorbed by the transport sector (450%), followed by the power sector (18%), buildings (13%), and industry (10%).

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)

Interactive Chart Egypt Refined Oil Products Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Natural Gas Consumption

Since 2014, gas consumption rose by around 8%/year 72 bcm, driven by electricity production.

Over 60% of the gas is used for the generation of electricity and about a fifth in industry.

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)

Interactive Chart Egypt Natural Gas Domestic Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on the LNG trade, you can request a sample of our EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

Coal Consumption

Coal consumption grew from 0.3 Mt in 2016 to 5.1 Mt in 2018 but dropped to 1.9 Mt in 2021.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)

Interactive Chart Egypt Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed consumption trends at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Egypt energy report

Power Consumption

Since 2011, electricity consumption has increased steadily - by around 3.5%/year (including +10% in 2021), reaching 179 TWh in 2021 - driven by services (+8%/year). Previously, the rise in electricity consumption had been two times faster (6.4%/year between 1990 and 2011).

Households absorb 35% of that consumption, followed by industry (31%) and services (29%) (2021).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021,%)

Renewable in % Electricity Production

NREA, New & Renewable Energy Authority, was created in 1986 under the supervision of MERE to promote renewables.

The Renewable Energy Law (2014) establishes different schemes for the private development of renewable energy projects, including the IPP public competitive bidding process, feed-in tariffs (FIT), and private-to-private sale of electricity from renewables.

Interactive Chart Egypt Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Learn more about renewables in the Mini grid Africa & Asia markets for village electrification

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

In its updated NDC (July 2022), Egypt pledged to conditionally reduce its GHG emissions in the power sector by 33% in 2030 compared to a BAU scenario (+65% relative to 2015). In addition, the country plans to cut emissions by 65% in the oil and gas sector (-57% compared to 2015 level) and by 7% in the transport sector (+140% in comparison with 2015). These goals are conditional to an external support financing of US$246bn, including US$196bn for mitigation measures.

Shopping cart

Your shopping cart is empty.

Secured payment by Banque Populaire des Alpes CB VISA MASTERCARD