Egypt energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Egypt energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2019 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Egypt energy report
December 2020
4 files (PDF report, 3 Excel files)
40 (Report only)

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  • The country prioritises the use of natural gas as a substitute for oil and targets a share of 42% of renewables in the power mix in 2035.
  • EEHC, a public company, is the main actor in the electricity sector.
  • Shell and Eni are the main exploration and production companies.
  • Gas production has increased by 64% since 2016.
  • The solar capacity doubled in 2019, reaching 1.7 GW.
  • The government started to cut energy subsidies in 2016 as part of an IMF program, which led to significant price increases. These prices, however, remain lower than in neighbouring countries.
  • The progression of the country's energy consumption slowed down in 2018 and 2019 after a rapid increase in 2016 and 2017. Gas supplies 54% of this consumption.
  • The country is launching major projects to raise its wind and solar capacities.


capacity increase since 2010


of renewables in the power mix by 2035


reduction in energy use by 2022 compared to BAU


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    Two ministries share the main responsibility for the energy sector: the Ministry of Petroleum (MOP), which oversees the hydrocarbon sector and holds participation in state-owned oil & gas companies, and the Ministry of Electricity and Renewable Energy (MERE), which supervises several agencies, including the New & Renewable Energy Authority, the Nuclear Power Plants Authority and the Hyd

  • Energy Companies


    EEHC (Egyptian Electricity Holding Company) is the state-owned electric utility.

  • Energy Supply


    The marketed production has increased by 64% since 2016, to 70 bcm in 2019, as the Zhor field began production in 2017.

  • Energy Prices


    In dollars terms, gasoline and diesel prices have been increasing since 2018 by 15%/year and 56%/year, respectively, due to the cut in energy subsidies and the rebound in oil prices.

    In 2019, gasoline prices at purchasing power parity were higher in Egypt than in Algeria (+99%) and Israel (+23%), but lower than in Tunisia (-10%) and Jordan (-25%).

  • Energy Consumption

    Energy consumption per capita stands at 0.97 toe, including 1 550 kWh of electricity (2019).

    The total energy consumption increased by 3% in 2018 and 1.5% in 2019 after growing by more than 7% in 2016 and 2017. It grew by 1%/year between 2010 and 2015, after a 6%/year increase over 2000-2010.


  • Issues & Prospects


    Egypt aims to boost its capacity by up to 30 GW by 2025, 8 GW of which should come from renewables. EEHC plans to add 13 GW of thermal capacity totalling $20bn in investments between 2022 and 2027.

    In 2016, the Ministry prepared a long-term strategy aimed at investing up to US$135bn to provide 51 GW of electricity until 2035.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Egypt energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 12: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 14: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 15: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 16: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)

List of Tables

In the Egypt energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Egypt energy market data since 1990 and up to 2019 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Egypt country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Egypt Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Egypt energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Egypt country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


Projections Data (Excel Sheet)

The Egypt country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
  • Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
  • CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
  • Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
  • Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.

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