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This analysis includes a comprehensive Egypt energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.


  • Egypt aims to achieve 42% of renewable in its power mix by 2030.
  • The power sector will not be opened to private investors until 2025 and the IPO program for state-owned oil and gas companies has been delayed.
  • EEHC, a state-owned utility, is the main power generator and has a monopoly over transmission and distribution.
  • Dragon oil targets a production of 300 kb/d of oil by 2026, i.e. the equivalent of half of 2022's total output.
  • Gas production, which had risen very rapidly from 2015 to 2021, dropped by 8% in 2022.
  • The power mix is dominated by gas (88%).
  • Egypt extended the plan to end electricity subsidies until 2024-25.
  • Electricity prices decreased by 20% in 2022.
  • Power consumption has increased by around 4%/year since 2020.
  • Around 60% of the gas is used for power generation.
  • Construction of units 1 to 3 of the El Dabaa nuclear power plant has started.The country aims to become an energy hub, with a strong focus on green hydrogen.
of gas in the power mix (2022)
of renewables in the power mix by 2030
20 GW
of planned solar projects
  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    Two ministries share the main responsibility for the energy sector. The Ministry of Petroleum & Mineral Resources (MPMR) oversees the hydrocarbon sector and holds participation in state-owned oil & gas companies.

  • Energy Companies


    The sector is dominated by national oil company EGPC (Egyptian General Petroleum Corporation), which operates either directly or through different subsidiaries.

  • Energy Supply


    Gas production dropped by 8% in 2022 to 65 bcm, after a rapid rise (11%/year) to 70 bcm following the commissioning of the Zhor field in 2017. Egypt is the second largest gas producer in Africa after Algeria, surpassing Nigeria since 2016. The Mediterranean Sea represents the largest share of gas production with 62%, followed by Nile Delta with 19% and the western desert with 18%.

  • Energy Prices


    In 2019, Egypt introduced a fuel price indexation scheme. As a smoothing mechanism, the formula caps the quarterly change in retail prices from movements in variable cost at 10%. To contribute to finance the cost of the pandemic, in 2020, the country imposed a development fee on gasoline and diesel fuel.

  • Energy Consumption

    Energy consumption per capita stands at 0.88 toe in 2022, including 1 509 kWh of electricity.

    Total energy consumption increased slightly in 2022 after a strong rebound in 2021 (+7%). Previously, it had remained roughly stable over 2017-2020 and increased by around 4%/year between 2013 and 2017.


  • Issues & Prospects


    Egypt aims to boost its capacity by up to 30 GW by 2025, 8 GW of which should come from renewables. EEHC plans to add 13 GW of thermal capacity totalling US$20bn in investments between 2022 and 2027.

    In 2016, the Ministry prepared a long-term strategy aimed at investing up to US$135bn to provide 51 GW of electricity until 2035.

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 12: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2022,%)
  • GRAPH 14: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 15: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 16: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

The Egypt energy market data since 1990 and up to is included in the Excel file accompanying the Egypt country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Egypt Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Egypt energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Egypt country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
  • Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
  • CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
  • Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
  • Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.