Egypt energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Egypt energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2021 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Egypt energy report
October 2022
2 files (PDF report, Excel file)
40 (Report only)

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  • Egypt will not open the power sector to private investors until 2025 and has delayed the IPO program for state-owned oil and gas companies.
  • The authorities target a 42% share of renewables in the power mix in 2035.
  • The state-owned power utility EEHC dominates power generation and has a monopoly over transmission and distribution.
  • Eni is the main gas producer. It restarted the Damietta LNG plant in 2021.
  • Gas production is increasing rapidly (13%/year since 2015).
  • The power mix is dominated by gas (78%).
  • The authorities reduced energy subsidies from 4% of GDP in 2014-15 to 0.3% of GDP in 2020-21 as part of an IMF program.
  • In response to the COVID-19 outbreak, Egypt lowered electricity tariffs for industry by 9% in 2020.
  • Total energy consumption rebounded by more than 6% in 2021, after a slight reduction in 2020.
  • Since 2014, gas consumption rose by almost 8%/year.
  • Construction of the El Dabaa nuclear power plant by Rosatom started in July 2022.
  • The country aims to become an energy hub, with a focus on hydrogen; it multiplies gas and power interconnection projects.


capacity increase since 2010


of renewables in the power mix by 2035


reduction in energy use by 2022 compared to BAU


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    Two ministries share the main responsibility for the energy sector: the Ministry of Petroleum (MOP), which oversees the hydrocarbon sector and holds participation in state-owned oil & gas companies, and the Ministry of Electricity and Renewable Energy (MERE), which supervises several agencies, including the New & Renewable Energy Authority, the Nuclear Power Plants Authority, and the Hy

  • Energy Companies


    The sector is dominated by national oil company EGPC (Egyptian General Petroleum Corporation), which operates either directly or through different subsidiaries.

  • Energy Supply


    Since 2014, oil production has declined by an average of 2.7%/year, reaching 29 Mt in 2021. Production is concentrated in the Western Desert (56%) and the Gulf of Suez (20%).

    Egypt is a net exporter of crude oil, with 5.8 Mt in 2021.

  • Energy Prices


    In 2019, Egypt introduced a fuel price indexation scheme. As a smoothing mechanism, the formula caps the quarterly change in retail prices from movements in variable cost at 10%. To contribute to finance the cost of the pandemic, in 2020, the country imposed a development fee on gasoline and diesel fuel.

  • Energy Consumption

    Energy consumption per capita stands at 0.97 toe in 2021, including 1 700 kWh of electricity.

    Total energy consumption rebounded by 6% in 2021, after a 1% decrease in 2020. Previously, it had increased by around 4%/year between 2013 and 2019.


  • Issues & Prospects


    Egypt aims to boost its capacity by up to 30 GW by 2025, 8 GW of which should come from renewables. EEHC plans to add 13 GW of thermal capacity totalling $20bn in investments between 2022 and 2027.

    In 2016, the Ministry prepared a long-term strategy aimed at investing up to US$135bn to provide 51 GW of electricity until 2035.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Egypt energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 12: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2021,%)
  • GRAPH 14: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 15: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 16: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)

List of Tables

In the Egypt energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Egypt energy market data since 1990 and up to 2021 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Egypt country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Egypt Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Egypt energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Egypt country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


Projections Data (Excel Sheet)

The Egypt country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
  • Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
  • CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
  • Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
  • Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.

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