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4 files (PDF report, 3 Excel files)
Pages
42 (Report only)
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Immediate by e-mail
Table of Contents
  • GENERAL OVERVIEW
  • INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY POLICY
  • ENERGY COMPANIES
  • ENERGY SUPPLY
  • ENERGY PRICES
  • ENERGY CONSUMPTION
  • ISSUES AND PROSPECTS
  • DATA TABLES
  • ABBREVIATIONS
  • GLOSSARY

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Overview

This analysis includes a comprehensive Egypt energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Highlights

  • Egypt aims to achieve 42% of renewables in its power mix and to reduce GHG emissions by 37% in 2030.
  • The state-owned utility EEHC is the main power generator and has a monopoly over transmission and distribution.
  • BP aims to invest US$1.5bn for gas exploration.
  • Gas dominates the power mix (78% in 2022).
  • Gas exports doubled between 2019 and 2021 and remained stable in 2022.
  • In the first quarter of 2024, diesel and electricity prices increased by around 20%.
  • Gas accounts for 51% of total consumption and around 60% of the gas is used for power generation (2022).
  • Egypt and China aim to develop 10 GW of solar capacity, able to generate 30 TWh/year of electricity.
  • Construction of the 1.2 GW unit 4 of the El Dabaa nuclear power plant has started.
88%
of gas in the power mix (2022)
42%
of renewables in the power mix by 2030
-37%
GHG emissions reduction target by 2030
  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    Two ministries share the main responsibility for the energy sector. The Ministry of Petroleum & Mineral Resources (MPMR) oversees the hydrocarbon sector and holds participation in state-owned oil & gas companies.

  • Energy Companies

    Oil:

    The sector is dominated by national oil company EGPC (Egyptian General Petroleum Corporation), which operates either directly or through different subsidiaries. Egypt is targeting a 25% increase in foreign investment in the oil and natural gas sector to reach US$7.5bn in FY 2024-2025.

  • Energy Supply

    Resources:

    Egypt has significant hydrocarbon resources: 413 Mt of oil reserves and 2 209 bcm of gas (end of 2022). Coal resources are limited (16 Mt), whereas the economically exploitable hydroelectric resources are estimated at 50 GW. Solar direct radiation intensity varies between 2 000 and 3 200 kWh/m²/year.

  • Energy Prices

    Electricity:

    As part of the IMF programs, the authorities increased electricity tariffs by an average of 30% in 2016, 40% in 2017, 36% in 2018, 15% in 2019, 19% in 2020, and 13% in 2021. Electricity prices (in US$) fell by around 40% between 2021 and 2023 (-24% for households and -28% for industry in 2023 alone), after an average 20%/year increase over 2017-2021.

  • Energy Consumption

    Energy consumption per capita stands at 0.88 toe in 2022 (14% below the North African average), including 1 500 kWh of electricity (3% above the regional average).

  • Issues & Prospects

    Electricity:

    Egypt aims to boost its capacity by up to 30 GW by 2025, 8 GW of which should come from renewables. EEHC plans to add 13 GW of thermal capacity totalling US$20bn in investments between 2022 and 2027.

    In 2016, the Ministry prepared a long-term strategy aimed at investing up to US$135bn to provide 51 GW of electricity until 2035.

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 12: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2022,%)
  • GRAPH 14: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 15: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 16: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

The Egypt energy market data since 1990 and up to is included in the Excel file accompanying the Egypt country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Egypt Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Egypt energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Egypt country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
  • Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
  • CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
  • Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
  • Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.