Thailand Energy Information
Thailand Key Figures
GDP growth rate: -6.6 %/year
Energy independence: 51.2%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 3.75 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 6.38%
* at purchasing power parity
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Thailand Related News
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Thailand Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Per capita energy consumption dropped in 2020 by 8% to 1.8 toe; per capita electricity consumption also decreased in 2020 to 2 670 kWh (-4%).
Total energy consumption increased at a rapid pace between 2000 and 2013 (+4.7%/year), but noticeably slowed down from 2013 to 2019 (+1%/year). In 2020, energy consumption plummeted by 8% to 129 Mtoe.
Oil covers 39% of the country's needs, natural gas 27%, biomass 18%, and coal and lignite 13%.
Interactive Chart Thailand Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
The production of liquid hydrocarbons (crude oil and NGL) has been decreasing slightly since 2016 (-4%/year), after a rapid increase between 2000 and 2016 (6%/year).
The refining capacity of the country amounts to 1.2 mb/d, distributed in 6 main refineries, of which the 3 largest are: PTTGC (280 kb/d), Thai Oil in Sriracha (275 kb/d), IRPC (215 kb/d). The others are ExxonMobil/Esso (177 kb/d) in Sriracha, Map Ta Phut (165 kb/d), and Bangchak Petroleum (120 kb/d).
The country is a large exporter of oil products: between 10 and 13 Mt since 2010 (11.3 Mt in 2020).
Interactive Chart Thailand Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The 20-year Alternative Energy Development Plan (AEDP 2018 - 2037), reviewed in 2020, targets a share of 30% of renewables in the final energy consumption in 2037. The AEDP is in line with the revised PDP 2018 that sets a goal of around 28 GW of renewables by 2037 (36% of total capacity), comprising 15.5 GW of solar, 4.7 GW of biomass, 3.1 of hydropower, 3 GW of wind, and 1.8 GW of solid waste and biogas.
Interactive Chart Thailand Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
The country submitted its first NDC in 2016 and updated it in 2020, leaving targets unchanged, i.e. a 20% reduction in GHG emissions in 2030 and up to 25% with international and technology support. Nevertheless, in November 2021, the Government announced its double objective to reach net zero GHG emissions by 2065-2070 and carbon neutrality (i.e. CO2 emissions only) by 2050, subject to international aid.
Total CO2 emissions from fuel combustion more than tripled between 1990 and 2013 before plateauing around 260 MtCO2.
Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)
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