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Thailand Energy Information

Thailand Key Figures

Population: 69.4 million
GDP growth rate: 2.37 %/year
Energy independence: 53.0%

Data of the last year available: 2019
Total consumption/GDP:* 90.5 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 3.91 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 6.43%

* at purchasing power parity

View all macro and energy indicators in the Thailand energy report

Thailand Related News

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Thailand Related Research

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

A data overview is available in the global energy statistics app

Total Energy Consumption

Per capita energy consumption is stable since 2010, at 2.1 toe in 2019; per capita electricity consumption reached 2 800 kWh in 2019.

Total energy consumption increased at a rapid pace between 2000 and 2013 (+4.7%/year), but has noticeably slowed down since 2013 (+1%/year) to 142 Mtoe in 2019.

Oil covers 41% of the country's needs, natural gas 25%, biomass 19%, and coal and lignite 12%.

Interactive Chart Thailand Total Energy Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed fondamentals of the market at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Thailand energy report

Crude Oil Production

The production of liquid hydrocarbons (crude oil and NGL) has been decreasing slightly since 2016 (-9%). It increased by 6%/year between 2000 and 2016.

The country was a net exporter of oil products until 2019 (net exports of 8 Mt over 2010-2018); in 2019, imports and exports of oil products were largely balanced.

Interactive Chart Thailand Crude Oil Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our Asia Refineries Dataset

Renewable in % Electricity Production

The new draft 20-year Alternative Energy Development Plan (AEDP 2018 - 2037) was approved by the Cabinet in April 2019 and is being reviewed through a public consultation process. In line with the upcoming AEDP, the PDP 2018 sets a goal of operating around 28 GW of renewables by 2037 (36% of total installed capacity in 2037), compising 15.5 GW of solar, 4.7 GW of biomass, 3.1 of hydropower, 3 GW of wind, and 1.8 GW of solid waste and biogas.

Interactive Chart Thailand Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

The country submitted its first NDC in 2016, which targets a reduction in GHG emissions by 20% compared to the BAU level in 2030 and by 25% subject to technology transfer and financial support.

Total CO2 emissions from fuel combustion more than tripled between 1990 and 2013. Emissions are on the rise again since 2018 after a short stagnation period, reaching 271 MtCO2 in 2019.

Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)

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