Thailand Energy Information
Thailand Key Figures
GDP growth rate: -6.6 %/year
Energy independence: 51.3%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 3.69 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 6.57%
* at purchasing power parity
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Thailand Related News
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Thailand Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Per capita energy consumption dropped in 2020 by 8% to 1.8 toe; per capita electricity consumption also decreased in 2020 to 2 600 kWh (-4%).
Total energy consumption increased at a rapid pace between 2000 and 2013 (+4.7%/year), but noticeably slowed down from 2013 to 2019 (+1%/year). In 2020, energy consumption plummeted by 8% to 129 Mtoe.
Oil covers 39% of the country's needs, natural gas 26%, biomass 18%, and coal and lignite 14%.
Interactive Chart Thailand Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
The production of liquid hydrocarbons (crude oil and NGL) has been decreasing slightly since 2016 (-4%/year). It increased by 6%/year between 2000 and 2016.
Except for 2019, imports and exports of oil products were largely balanced. The country was a net exporter of oil products in 2020 (6.4 Mt).
Interactive Chart Thailand Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The new 20-year Alternative Energy Development Plan (AEDP 2018 - 2037), approved by the Cabinet in 2019 and reviewed in October 2020, targets a share of 30% of renewables in the final energy consumption in 2037. The AEDP is in line with the revised PDP 2018 that sets a goal of around 28 GW of renewables by 2037 (36% of total capacity), comprising 15.5 GW of solar, 4.7 GW of biomass, 3.1 of hydropower, 3 GW of wind, and 1.8 GW of solid waste and biogas.
Interactive Chart Thailand Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
The country submitted its first NDC in 2016 and updated it in October 2020, leaving targets unchanged, i.e. a 20% reduction in GHG emissions in 2030 and up to 25% with international and technology support.
Total CO2 emissions from fuel combustion more than tripled between 1990 and 2013 before plateauing around 260 MtCO2.
Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)
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