Slovakia Energy Information
2018 Slovakia Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 4.11 %/year
Energy independence: 36.6%
* at purchasing power parity
CO2 Emissions: 6.56 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 4.46%
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Total Energy Consumption
At 3.1 toe, total energy consumption per capita is on par with the EU average; power consumption per capita stands 17% lower, at 4 700 kWh (2018).
Total energy consumption, which had been declining between 2002 and 2014 (-1.3%/year), has been recovering since then (+2.3%/year) to 17.5 Mtoe in 2018 (+0.3% in 2018).
Interactive Chart Slovakia Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Slovakia produces limited amounts of crude oil (around 0.4 Mt on average since 2013, 0.3 Mt in 2018), which is used in the petrochemical industry only.
Interactive Chart Slovakia Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil consumption increased rapidly between 2013 and 2017 (+8%/year), but dipped by 2.2% in 2018 to 3.9 Mt.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
The transport sector represents 61% of the oil consumption (2018). The industrial sector consumes 19% of oil, mainly for the chemical industry, while power plants account for only 6%.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)
Interactive Chart Slovakia Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Natural gas consumption decreased sharply (-3.9%/year) between 2001 and 2014, before recovering to 5 bcm until 2017 (+3.1%/year). In 2018, gas consumption dipped by 1.2% to 4.9 bcm.
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Industry (including non-energy uses) accounted for 30% of the natural gas consumption in 2018; it is followed by households (28%) and services (14%); power plants account for just 12%.
Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)
Interactive Chart Slovakia Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal and lignite consumption halved between 1990 and 2000 and decreased by nearly 1/3 until 2016 to 6.2 Mt; it has been recovering since then, however (+8.8% in 2018 to 6.9 Mt). Coal and lignite consumption from the power sector has been falling since 2000 (-32% between 2000 and 2018) due to successive lignite-fired unit closures.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Interactive Chart Slovakia Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption increased by an average of 1.1%/year between 2000 and 2017. In 2018, it declined by 0.4% to 27 TWh.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Electricity is mainly consumed by industry (46%), followed by services (28%) and the residential sector (18%).
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018,%)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
According to the European Directive on renewables, the national target is to increase the share of renewables in the country's final consumption to 14% (including 24% in electricity consumption, nearly 15% in heating, and 10% in transport) by 2020. The Draft Integrated National Energy and Climate Plan (NECP) for 2021-2030 aims to raise this share to 19% in 2030, including 27% in electricity consumption, 19% in heating/cooling, and 14% in transport.
Interactive Chart Slovakia Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
Slovakia's GHG emissions were well below its Kyoto target, with emissions in 2012 41% lower than in 1990 (target of -8%). GHG emissions, which declined until 2014, have been increasing since then, reaching 43 MtCO2eq in 2017.
In its NDC, Slovakia has a binding GHG emission reduction target of at least 40% by 2030 compared to 1990. By 2030, Slovakia aims to cut its GHG emissions in the ETS sectors by 43% (as other EU members) and those in the non-ETS sectors by 20% compared to 2005 levels.
Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)
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