Qatar Energy Information
2018 Qatar Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 2.18 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
* at purchasing power parity
CO2 Emissions: 34.2 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 6.31%
Qatar Related News
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Qatar Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
The country's total energy consumption per capita is very high at around 18 toe, including 13 200 kWh of electricity (the 5th highest level of electricity consumption per capita in the world).
The total consumption increased rapidly between 2000 and 2014, growing at an average rate of +11% per year. It decreased significantly in 2016 and rebounded again in 2018, reaching 51 Mtoe. It is distributed between gas (86%) and oil (14%).
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Qatar Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
In 2018, total oil production amounted to 76 Mt, i.e. double the production of 2000. Oil production increased up to 2013 (80 Mt) and has been decreasing slightly since then; the growth was mainly explained by the increase in NGL production (around 50% of the production).
Qatar exports about 60% of its oil production (crude and NGL) as well as oil products (22 Mt in 2018).
Interactive Chart Qatar Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil consumption increased very rapidly between 2000 and 2014 (11.5%/year), pushing consumption up to 7.3 Mt in 2014, mainly driven by transport (56% of total oil products consumption). However, it decreased significantly thereafter, to 6.5 Mt in 2018. This trend is driven by a 30% decrease in oil consumption in the industry sector since 2014.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)
Interactive Chart Qatar Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Natural gas consumption increased extremely rapidly between 2005 and 2015 (11.4%/year) and has remained roughly stable since then (49.6 bcm in 2018).
The oil and gas sector consumes 58% of the total, electricity production 23%, and industry 19% (including non-energy uses).
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)
Interactive Chart Qatar Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption reached 43.4 TWh in 2018. It has ramped up very rapidly since 2000 (9.5%/year on average) with the increasing use of air conditioning and the soaring water desalinisation industry. The residential sector accounts for 44% of that consumption, and industry and services follow with 28% each.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The country strives to meet 20% of its energy demand from renewable sources by 2030. It aims to reach a solar capacity of 1 800 MW by 2020, for a cost estimated between US$10bn and US$20bn. However, this target will not be reached, as the commissioning of the first large-scale solar power plant (350 MW) is only expected for the end of 2020.
Interactive Chart Qatar Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
Although Qatar submitted an Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) in preparation of the COP21 and ratified the Paris agreement in April 2016, no firm commitments were made to reduce its GHG emissions.
CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion have quadrupled since 2000, from 24 MtCO2 to 92 MtCO2 in 2018 (+7.3%/year). Qatar's carbon-intensive economy, combined with a low population density, leads to the highest level of per capita emissions in the world (33.8 t CO2/capita in 2018).
Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)
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