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Poland Energy Information

Poland Key Figures

Population: 37.9 million
GDP growth rate: 3.10 %/year
Energy independence: 56.5%

Data of the last year available: 2021
Total consumption/GDP:* 66.9 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 8.11 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 5.72%

* at purchasing power parity

View all macro and energy indicators in the Poland energy report

Poland Related News

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Poland Related Research

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

A data overview is available in the global energy statistics app

Total Energy Consumption

In 2021, total energy consumption per capita was 2.9 toe (around 10% below the EU average), including around 4 100 kWh of electricity (28% below the EU average).

Between 2018 and 2020, total energy consumption declined by 4%/year on average, before a 6% rebound in 2021 to 108 Mtoe. Previously, it increased by 3.7%/year between 2015 and 2018.

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Interactive Chart Poland Total Energy Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed fondamentals of the market at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Poland energy report

Crude Oil Production

Poland's oil production is limited (around 5% of its needs with 1.4 Mt in 2021). In 2021, Poland imported 24 Mt of crude oil (-3% compared to 2020). Russia accounted for 64% of crude oil imports in 2020, down from 78% in 2011.

Interactive Chart Poland Crude Oil Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Oil Products Consumption

Oil consumption increased by 4% in 2021 to 30 Mt, after a 3.5% decline in 2020.Previously, oil consumption had a period of moderate growth between 2017 and 2019 (+1.8%/year), and very rapid growth between 2014 and 2017 (+9.9%/year), thanks to the economic recovery and low oil prices.

Around 69% of oil products are consumed in transport and 14% in industry (including non-energy uses).

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)

Interactive Chart Poland Refined Oil Products Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Natural Gas Consumption

Gas consumption has been increasing very rapidly since 2014 (+3.5%/year) to 23.6 bcm in 2021. Growth was 2%/year on average between 2000 and 2014.

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Industry, including non-energy uses, accounts for 34% of the country's gas consumption, households, services, and agriculture for 29%, and the power sector for 18% (2021).

Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021%)

Interactive Chart Poland Natural Gas Domestic Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on the LNG trade, you can request a sample of our EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

Coal Consumption

Consumption of coal and lignite increased by 9% in 2021 to 112.5 Mt, after experiencing an 8.5% decline in 2020. Previously, coal consumption was decreasing regularly (-0.7%/year over 2000-2019).

Coal and lignite are mainly consumed by power plants (79% in 2021). The share of industry is marginal (5%). Residential, services, and agriculture make about 10% of coal consumption.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)

Interactive Chart Poland Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed consumption trends at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Poland energy report

Power Consumption

Electricity consumption increased by 6% in 2021 to 157 TWh after a 2.5% reduction in 2020. Previously, electricity consumption had grown by 2.4%/year between 2009 and 2018.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

In 2021, industry consumes 37% of the country's electricity, followed by services with 32%, households with 20%, and transport with 2%.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021,%)

Renewable in % Electricity Production

The 2020 target of the European Directive on renewables for a 15% share of renewables in the final consumption was not reached (12.9% in 2020 and 13% in 2021). The energy policy until 2040 aims to reach at least 23% of renewable energy sources in the final energy consumption in 2030 (i.e. the upper value of the NECP target of 21-23%), of which at least 32% is in electricity (compared to 27% in the NECP), 28% in heating, and 14% in transport.

Interactive Chart Poland Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Learn more about renewables in the European Renewable Energy Report

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

GHG emissions (without LULUCF) decreased by 5% in 2020 compared to 2019, to 310 MtCO2eq. Preliminary estimations reveal a 7.5% increase in GHG emissions for 2021 (333 MtCO2eq). Previously, emissions experienced a 1% decrease in 2018 and a 2.3%/year increase between 2014 and 2017; in 2020, emissions were 19% below their 1990 level.

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