Poland Energy Information
Poland Key Figures
GDP growth rate: -2.8 %/year
Energy independence: 56.8%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 7.32 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 6.93%
* at purchasing power parity
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Poland Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
In 2020, total energy consumption per capita was 2.6 toe (around 10% below the EU average), including around 3 800 kWh of electricity (28% below the EU average).
Since 2018, total energy consumption has declined by 4%/year on average (including -6% in 2020). Previously, it increased by 3.7%/year between 2015 and 2018.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Poland Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Poland's oil production is limited (around 5% of its needs with 1.5 Mt in 2020). In 2020, Poland imported 27.3 Mt of crude oil (-6% compared to 2019). Russia accounted for 64% of Polish crude oil imports in 2020 (94% in 2020).
Interactive Chart Poland Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil consumption declined by 2.6% in 2020 to 29 Mt, after a period of moderate growth between 2017 and 2019 (+1.8%/year). Previously, oil consumption grew rapidly between 2014 and 2017 (+9.9%/year), thanks to the economic recovery and low oil prices.
Around 68% of oil products are consumed in transport and 15% in industry (including non-energy uses).
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Poland Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Gas consumption has been increasing more rapidly since 2014 (+3.4%/year until 2020, against 2%/year on average between 2000 and 2014), partly because of the commissioning of new gas-fired power capacities.
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Industry, including non-energy uses, accounts for 37% of the country's gas consumption. Households, services, and agriculture consume about a third of the gas (2020). Only 17% of the gas is consumed in the power sector.
Interactive Chart Poland Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Consumption of coal and lignite has declined by 11.3%/year since 2019, after a consistent, slow decline as of 2000 (-0.7%/year over 2000-2019).
Coal and lignite are mainly consumed by power plants (81% in 2020). The share of industry is marginal (5%).
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Poland Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Since 2018, electricity consumption has fallen by 2.3%/year (-3.5% in 2020) to 145 TWh, after 2.4%/year growth between 2009 and 2018.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Industry consumes 37% of the country's electricity, followed by services with 31% and households with 21%.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020,%)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
According to the European Directive on renewables, the national target was to reach a 15% share of renewables in the final consumption in 2020 (12.2% in 2019). The NECP targets 21-23% of renewables in final energy consumption in 2030 and 27% in power production by 2030. These targets were raised in the energy policy until 2040, which aims to reach at least 23% of renewable energy sources in gross final energy consumption in 2030 (at least 32% in electricity, mainly from wind and solar PV, 28% in heating, and 14% in transports).
Interactive Chart Poland Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
GHG emissions (without LULUCF) remained stable in 2019, after a 1% decrease in 2018 and a 2.3%/year increase between 2014 and 2017; in 2019, they were 15% below their 1990 level.
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