Poland Energy Information
Poland Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 4.15 %/year
Energy independence: 58.0%
Data of the last year available: 2019
CO2 Emissions: 7.95 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 5.62%
* at purchasing power parity
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Poland Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
In 2019, total energy consumption per capita was 2.7 toe (13% below the EU average), including around 3 900 kWh of electricity (30% below the EU average).
Total energy consumption declined by 2.9% in 2019. Previously, it increased by 2.9%/year between 2015 and 2018.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Poland Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Poland's oil production is limited (less than 10% of its needs with 1.6 Mt in 2019). The share of Russia in oil imports has been decreasing during the last decade (60% in 2019 compared to more than 90% in 2010).
Poland has a refining capacity of 27 Mt/year, split into two large refineries: Płock (16 Mt/year), which produces 60% of the country's gasoline, and Gdansk (10.5 Mt/year). In 2019, 28.4 Mt of oil products were produced (1/5 of which were exported) and 8.4 Mt were imported.
Interactive Chart Poland Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil consumption has been growing rapidly between 2014 and 2017 (+9.9%/year) thanks to the economic recovery and low oil prices and the progression has slowed down since then (+1.8%/year)29 Mt in 2019). It fell by 4.2%/year between 2010 and 2013 due to the economic slowdown, high fuel prices and a growing informal market.
Around 70% of oil products are consumed in transport and 15% in industry (including non-energy uses).
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Interactive Chart Poland Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Gas consumption has been increasing more rapidly since 2014 (3.4%/year, against 2%/year on average between 2000 and 2014), partly because of the commissioning of new gas-fired power capacities.
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Industry, including non-energy uses, consumes 38% of the country's gas consumption. Households, services, and agriculture consume about a third of the gas (2019). Only 16% of the gas is consumed in the power sector.
Interactive Chart Poland Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Consumption of coal and lignite declined by 11% in 2019, after a regular and slow decline since 2000 (-1.1%/year over 2000-2019).
Coal and lignite are mainly consumed by power plants (78% in 2019). The share of industry is marginal (6%).
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Poland Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption fell by 1% in 2019, after a progression by 2.4%/year between 2009 and 2018.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Industry consumes 37% of the country's electricity, followed by services with 32% and households with 20%.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019,%)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
According to the European Directive on renewables, the national target is to reach a 15% share of renewables in the final consumption in 2020 (12.2% in 2019).
The NECP targets 21-23% of renewables in final energy consumption in 2030 and 27% in power production by 2030. The development of new offshore wind and solar PV projects could amount to 30 GW by 2040.
Interactive Chart Poland Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
GHG emissions (without LULUCF) declined by 0.4% in 2018, after a 2.2% increase between 2014 and 2017; in 2018, they were 13% below their 1990 level.
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