Poland Energy Information
Poland Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 3.10 %/year
Energy independence: 56.5%
Data of the last year available: 2021
CO2 Emissions: 8.11 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 5.72%
* at purchasing power parity
View all macro and energy indicators in the Poland energy report
Poland Related News
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Poland Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
In 2021, total energy consumption per capita was 2.9 toe (around 10% below the EU average), including around 4 100 kWh of electricity (28% below the EU average).
Between 2018 and 2020, total energy consumption declined by 4%/year on average, before a 6% rebound in 2021 to 108 Mtoe. Previously, it increased by 3.7%/year between 2015 and 2018.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Poland Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Poland's oil production is limited (around 5% of its needs with 1.4 Mt in 2021). In 2021, Poland imported 24 Mt of crude oil (-3% compared to 2020). Russia accounted for 64% of crude oil imports in 2020, down from 78% in 2011.
Interactive Chart Poland Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil consumption increased by 4% in 2021 to 30 Mt, after a 3.5% decline in 2020.Previously, oil consumption had a period of moderate growth between 2017 and 2019 (+1.8%/year), and very rapid growth between 2014 and 2017 (+9.9%/year), thanks to the economic recovery and low oil prices.
Around 69% of oil products are consumed in transport and 14% in industry (including non-energy uses).
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)
Interactive Chart Poland Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Gas consumption has been increasing very rapidly since 2014 (+3.5%/year) to 23.6 bcm in 2021. Growth was 2%/year on average between 2000 and 2014.
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Industry, including non-energy uses, accounts for 34% of the country's gas consumption, households, services, and agriculture for 29%, and the power sector for 18% (2021).
Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021%)
Interactive Chart Poland Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Consumption of coal and lignite increased by 9% in 2021 to 112.5 Mt, after experiencing an 8.5% decline in 2020. Previously, coal consumption was decreasing regularly (-0.7%/year over 2000-2019).
Coal and lignite are mainly consumed by power plants (79% in 2021). The share of industry is marginal (5%). Residential, services, and agriculture make about 10% of coal consumption.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)
Interactive Chart Poland Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption increased by 6% in 2021 to 157 TWh after a 2.5% reduction in 2020. Previously, electricity consumption had grown by 2.4%/year between 2009 and 2018.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
In 2021, industry consumes 37% of the country's electricity, followed by services with 32%, households with 20%, and transport with 2%.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021,%)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The 2020 target of the European Directive on renewables for a 15% share of renewables in the final consumption was not reached (12.9% in 2020 and 13% in 2021). The energy policy until 2040 aims to reach at least 23% of renewable energy sources in the final energy consumption in 2030 (i.e. the upper value of the NECP target of 21-23%), of which at least 32% is in electricity (compared to 27% in the NECP), 28% in heating, and 14% in transport.
Interactive Chart Poland Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
GHG emissions (without LULUCF) decreased by 5% in 2020 compared to 2019, to 310 MtCO2eq. Preliminary estimations reveal a 7.5% increase in GHG emissions for 2021 (333 MtCO2eq). Previously, emissions experienced a 1% decrease in 2018 and a 2.3%/year increase between 2014 and 2017; in 2020, emissions were 19% below their 1990 level.
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