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- GENERAL OVERVIEW
- INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY POLICY
- ENERGY SUPPLY
- ENERGY PRICES
- ENERGY CONSUMPTION
- ISSUES AND PROSPECTS
- DATA TABLES
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Poland energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.
- In the updated energy policy, carbon-free sources should account for 73% of Poland's electricity demand in 2040.
- The country pledged to close all its coal mines in 2049.
- PGE accounted for 42% of the power generation in 2022.
- Orlen Group dominates oil and gas supply, following the merger of PKN Orlen, PGNiG, and Grupa Lotos.
- The share of coal in the power mix has declined by 18 points since 2010 to 70% in 2022.
- Solar capacity has been multiplied by 7 since 2019 to 12.6 GW in 2022.
- Coal production has decreased by 19% since 2010.
- Electricity and gas prices for industry skyrocketed in 2022, while households prices only increased moderately thanks to the anti-inflation shield.
- Total energy consumption decreased by 4% in 2022.
- The share of coal and lignite in the energy mix is declining rapidly (-13 points since 2010).
- Gas consumption dropped by 17% in 2022, after a rapid growth before (4%/year).
- The country has cancelled most of its coal-fired projects and is developing renewables and gas-fired power projects.
Institutions & Energy Policy
The Ministry of Climate and Environment is in charge of the country's energy policy, markets, and infrastructure, along with energy efficiency and energy security matters, and climate policy. It oversees public companies dealing with coal production, electricity, and petroleum extraction.
Gas production has remained rather stable since 2010 (5.5 bcm in 2022) and covers around a quarter of the country's needs. In 2022, the country imported 14.7 bcm of gas (-21%), of which 35% as LNG. In 2022, imports were around 14 bcm, of which 45% from LNG.
After relative stability since 2016, gas prices for households in euros increased by 12% in 2022 after a slight decrease in 2021 (-2%). Industrial prices skyrocketed by 225% in 2022, after a two-fold increase in 2021.
Polish gas prices in 2022 are -108 % lower than the EU average for households and 20% for industry.
In 2022, total energy consumption per capita was 2.8 toe (around 6% below the EU average), including around 4 100 kWh of electricity (26% below the EU average).
Issues & Prospects
Poland is confronted with the challenge of modernising and restructuring of the coal and lignite sector.
Under the Polish Energy Policy until 2030, primary energy consumption is assumed to increase by 1.5%/year between 2020 and 2030. According to the energy policy, "Towards Poland's 2040 Energy Mix", the energy demand is expected to ramp up by 20% to 25% by 2040.
- GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
- GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2022, %)
- GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
- GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2022, %)
- GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (€/l)
- GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (€c/kWh)
- GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (€c/kWh GCV)
- GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
- GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2022, %)
- GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2022, %)
- GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
- GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
- GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
- GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2022,%)
- GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
- GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
- GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
- GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
- Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
- Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
- Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
- Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
- Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.
The Poland energy market data since 1990 and up to
is included in the Excel file accompanying the Poland country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.
Key Data included in the excelsheet:
- Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
- Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
- Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
- Energy Balance: total and per energy.
- Poland Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Poland energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).
The Poland country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.
Data included in the excelsheet:
- Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
- Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
- CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
- Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
- Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.