Poland energy report
This analysis includes a comprehensive Poland energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2019 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.
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Institutions & Energy Policy
The Ministry of Energy is in charge of the country's energy policy, markets and infrastructure along with energy efficiency and energy security matters. It oversees public companies dealing with coal production, electricity and petroleum extraction.
The three largest companies, PGE, Tauron Polska Energia, and ENEA, accounted for 2/3 of the capacity and the power generation in 2018. The government's plan to merge PGE and Energa, as well as Tauron and ENEA, has been postponed until the restructuring of the coal sector.
Although Poland is relatively poor in conventional hydrocarbons (oil reserves of 16 Mt and natural gas reserves of 73 bcm end-2019), it has substantial coal (21 Gt) and lignite reserves (5.9 Gt) in 2019. The recoverable shale gas resources are estimated by the Polish Geological Institute at between 346 and 768 bcm.
Electricity prices increased sharply following the liberalisation of the economy (nearly doubling since 2000) but are around 30% below the EU average.
Industrial prices increased by 5.3%/year between 2016 and 2019.
Household prices were stable in 2017 and 2018 and declined by 4% in 2019.Taxes account for 20% for households, but 1% for industry (2019).
In 2019, total energy consumption per capita was 2.7 toe (13% below the EU average), including around 3 900 kWh of electricity (30% below the EU average).
Total energy consumption declined by 3.2% in 2019. Previously, it increased by 2.9%/year between 2015 and 2018.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Issues & Prospects
Poland is confronted with the challenge of modernising and restructuring of the coal and lignite sector.
Under the Polish Energy Policy until 2030, primary energy consumption is assumed to increase by 1.5%/year between 2020 and 2030. According to the draft energy policy, "Towards Poland's 2040 Energy Mix", the energy demand is expected to ramp up by 20% to 25% by 2040.
- GENERAL OVERVIEW
- INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY POLICY
- ENERGY COMPANIES
- ENERGY SUPPLY
- ENERGY PRICES
- ENERGY CONSUMPTION
- ISSUES AND PROSPECTS
- DATA TABLES
Below is a list of the Poland energy market report graphs:
- GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
- GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2019, %)
- GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
- GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2019, %)
- GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (€/l)
- GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (€c/kWh)
- GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (€c/kWh GCV)
- GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
- GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2019, %)
- GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2019, %)
- GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
- GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
- GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
- GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2019,%)
- GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
- GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2019 %)
- GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
- GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
In the Poland energy market report you will find the following tables:
- Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
- Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source
- Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
- Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
- Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.
The Poland energy market data since 1990 and up to 2019 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Poland country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.
Key Data included in the excelsheet:
- Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
- Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
- Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
- Energy Balance: total and per energy.
- Poland Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Poland energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).
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