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Poland energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Poland energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2019 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Poland energy report
Update: 
January 2021
Format: 
4 files (PDF report, 3 Excel files)
Pages: 
46 (Report only)
Delivery: 

Immediate by e-mail

Price: 
 990 € 

Price without VAT. Depending on your statute and location, VAT might be applicable. Get in touch with us for more information.

After validation, you will immediately receive 4 files by email (one pdf report and 3 excel files containing the datasets).

 

Highlights

  • Poland is the only EU country that has not endorsed a net-zero carbon emission target by 2050. It however pledged to close its coal mines in 2049.
  • A new offshore wind bill was adopted in January 2021.
  • PGE, Tauron, and ENEA account for 70% of the power generation.
  • The proposed merger between PKN Orlen and PGNiG would lead to a concentration of the oil sector.
  • Coal companies face a massive restructuring process.
  • The power mix is dominated by coal and lignite (75% in 2019); however, wind and gas are gaining market shares.
  • Electricity and gas prices for households are much lower than the EU average (by 40% and 35% respectively).
  • Coal and lignite accounted for 43% of the energy mix in 2019, with a rapidly declining market.
  • Energy consumption decreased by around 3% in 2019, after rising rapidly over 2015-2018 driven by economic growth.
  • The country has cancelled most of its coal-fired project and is turning to wind and gas.
  • The construction of a nuclear plant is still not decided and is not expected before 2033.
  • Poland is diversifying its gas supply, through new gas interconnections and LNG contracts.

1st

largest coal producer and consumer in the EU

+4.8 GW

of wind capacity between 2010 and 2019

-6%

energy-related CO2 emissions in 2019

Abstract

  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Energy is in charge of the country's energy policy, markets and infrastructure along with energy efficiency and energy security matters. It oversees public companies dealing with coal production, electricity and petroleum extraction.

  • Energy Supply

    Gas:

    Gas production has remained rather stable since 2010 (5.6 bcm in 2019) and covers less than 30% of the country's needs. In 2019, the country imported 17.7 bcm of gas (+12%), of which 3.5 bcm of LNG.

  • Energy Prices

    Gas:

    After relative stability in 2017, gas prices increased by almost 15% in 2018. Industrial prices declined by 11% in 2019, whereas household prices remained stable. In the first semester 2020, industrial prices declined by 23% for industrial prices and household prices by 5%. Polish gas prices are around 30% lower than the EU average in industry and 35% lower for households.

  • Energy Consumption

    In 2019, total energy consumption per capita was 2.7 toe (13% below the EU average), including around 3 900 kWh of electricity (30% below the EU average).

    Total energy consumption declined by 2.9% in 2019. Previously, it increased by 2.9%/year between 2015 and 2018.

    Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

  • Issues & Prospects

    Poland is confronted with the challenge of modernising and restructuring of the coal and lignite sector.

    Under the Polish Energy Policy until 2030, primary energy consumption is assumed to increase by 1.5%/year between 2020 and 2030. According to the draft energy policy, "Towards Poland's 2040 Energy Mix", the energy demand is expected to ramp up by 20% to 25% by 2040.

Table of Contents

  • GENERAL OVERVIEW
  • INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY POLICY
  • ENERGY SUPPLY
  • ENERGY PRICES
  • ENERGY CONSUMPTION
  • ISSUES AND PROSPECTS
  • DATA TABLES
  • ABBREVIATIONS
  • GLOSSARY

Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Poland energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (€/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (€c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (€c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2019,%)
  • GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2019 %)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)

List of Tables

In the Poland energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Poland energy market data since 1990 and up to 2019 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Poland country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Poland Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Poland energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Poland country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.

 

Projections Data (Excel Sheet)

The Poland country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
  • Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
  • CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
  • Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
  • Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.

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