Poland energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Poland energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2021 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Poland energy report
July 2022
4 files (PDF report, 3 Excel files)
45 (Report only)

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  • Poland targets at least 23% of renewables in final energy consumption and 32% in power generation in 2030.
  • The country pledged to close all its coal mines in 2049.
  • PGE accounted for around 42% of the power generation in 2021.
  • A concentration of the oil sector is underway with the merger between PKN Orlen and PGNiG, which should be finalised by the end of 2022.
  • Coal companies face a massive restructuring process.
  • The share of coal in the power mix has declined by 18 points since 2010 to 70% in 2021.
  • Dependence on Russia for oil and gas supply has decreased from over 90% in 2015 to slightly over 60% in 2020.
  • Coal production has decreased by 25% since 2012.
  • Electricity and gas prices for households are around 40% lower than the EU average.
  • Total energy consumption increased by 6% in 2021.
  • The share of coal and lignite in the energy mix is declining rapidly (-12 points since 2010, despite a 2-point rebound in 2021).
  • Since 2014, gas consumption has been growing by more than 3%/year.
  • The country has cancelled most of its coal-fired projects and is developing renewables (2.8 GW of offshore wind contracts awarded in 2021) and gas (6.3 GW of gas-fired projects under development).
  • It is diversifying its gas supply, through new gas interconnections and LNG contracts.


largest coal producer and consumer in the EU

+5.7 GW

of wind capacity between 2010 and 2021


energy-related CO2 emissions in 2021


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Climate and Environment is in charge of the country's energy policy, markets, and infrastructure, along with energy efficiency and energy security matters, and climate policy. It oversees public companies dealing with coal production, electricity, and petroleum extraction.

  • Energy Supply


    Although Poland is relatively poor in conventional hydrocarbons (oil reserves of 20 Mt and natural gas reserves of 86 bcm), the country has substantial coal (22.5 Gt) and lignite reserves (5.8 Gt) (2021). The recoverable shale gas resources are estimated by the Polish Geological Institute at between 346 and 768 bcm.

  • Energy Prices


    Diesel and gasoline prices are quite close, and taxes account for more than 50% of the prices. Prices follow global trends: they increased by 5%/year (for gasoline) and 7%/year (for diesel) between 2016 and 2019 and fell by around 14% in 2020. In 2021, they rebounded by around 10%, to approximately 1.1€/l.

  • Energy Consumption

    In 2021, total energy consumption per capita was 2.9 toe (around 10% below the EU average), including around 4 100 kWh of electricity (28% below the EU average).

    Between 2018 and 2020, total energy consumption declined by 4%/year on average, before a 6% rebound in 2021 to 108 Mtoe. Previously, it increased by 3.7%/year between 2015 and 2018.

  • Issues & Prospects

    Poland is confronted with the challenge of modernising and restructuring of the coal and lignite sector.

    Under the Polish Energy Policy until 2030, primary energy consumption is assumed to increase by 1.5%/year between 2020 and 2030. According to the energy policy, "Towards Poland's 2040 Energy Mix", the energy demand is expected to ramp up by 20% to 25% by 2040.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Poland energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (€/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (€c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (€c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2021,%)
  • GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2021%)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)

List of Tables

In the Poland energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Poland energy market data since 1990 and up to 2021 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Poland country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Poland Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Poland energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Poland country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


Projections Data (Excel Sheet)

The Poland country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
  • Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
  • CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
  • Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
  • Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.

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