Pakistan Energy Information
Pakistan Key Figures
GDP growth rate: -0.9 %/year
Energy independence: 63.7%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 0.91 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 13.3%
* at purchasing power parity
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Pakistan Related News
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Pakistan Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Per capita consumption is about 0.53 toe, including 550 kWh of electricity (2020).
The country's total consumption has experienced a rapid increase since 2014 (4%/year). The progression was more moderate between 2008 and 2013 (1.5%/year).
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Biomass accounts for 33% of total energy consumption, gas for 28%, oil for 22%, coal and lignite for 12%, and primary electricity (hydro, nuclear, wind and solar) for 5% (2020).
Interactive Chart Pakistan Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Oil production has fluctuated around 4-5 Mt since 2014 (4.7 Mt in 2020). Production supplies just over 20% of the country's needs. Crude oil imports rebounded to 10.5 Mt in 2020, after two years at the minimum level since 2000 (8.5 Mt in 2018 and 2019).
Interactive Chart Pakistan Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
AEDB, Alternative Energy Development Board, is the national agency for the promotion of renewables.
A new Alternative and Renewable Energy (ARE) Policy was published in 2019, which includes a target of at least 20% of alternative and renewable energy (excluding hydroelectricity) in the power capacity in 2025 and 30% in 2030. With hydropower, this corresponds to a share of 60%. In 2020, Pakistan announced its intention to reach 27 GW of solar by 2047.
Interactive Chart Pakistan Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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Learn more about renewables in the Mini grid Africa & Asia markets for village electrification
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In its updated 2021 NDC, Pakistan commits to cut its GHG emissions in 2030 by up to 50% relative to a BAU scenario (unconditional target of 15% and conditional target of 35%).
CO2 emissions from fuel combustion have increased rapidly since 2013, apart from a reduction in 2018 (6%/year over 2018-2020 and 8%/year over 2013-2018). Before that, they had remained stable over 2007-2013. In 2020, they reached around 200 MtCO2, a level about 4 times higher than in 1990.
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