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Pakistan Energy Information

Pakistan Key Figures

Population: 221 million
GDP growth rate: -0.9 %/year
Energy independence: 63.7%

Data of the last year available: 2020
Total consumption/GDP:* 89.2 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 0.91 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 13.3%

* at purchasing power parity

View all macro and energy indicators in the Pakistan energy report

Pakistan Related News

View all news, archive your new and create your own daily newsletters only on your topics/countries of interest with Key Energy Intelligence

Pakistan Related Research

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

A data overview is available in the global energy statistics app

Total Energy Consumption

Per capita consumption is about 0.53 toe, including 550 kWh of electricity (2020).

The country's total consumption has increased rapidly since 2014 (4%/year). The progression was more moderate between 2008 and 2013 (1.5%/year).

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Biomass accounts for 33% of total energy consumption, gas for 28%, oil for 22%, coal and lignite for 12%, and primary electricity (hydro, nuclear, wind and solar) for 5% (2020).

Interactive Chart Pakistan Total Energy Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed fondamentals of the market at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Pakistan energy report

Crude Oil Production

Oil production has fluctuated around 4-5 Mt since 2014 (4.7 Mt in 2020). Production supplies just over 20% of the country's needs. Crude oil imports rebounded to 10.5 Mt in 2020, after two years at the minimum level (8.5 Mt in 2018 and 2019).

Interactive Chart Pakistan Crude Oil Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our Asia Refineries Dataset

Renewable in % Electricity Production

AEDB, Alternative Energy Development Board, is the national agency for the promotion of renewables.

A new Alternative and Renewable Energy (ARE) Policy was published in 2019, which includes a target of at least 20% of alternative and renewable energy (excluding hydroelectricity) in the power capacity in 2025 and 30% in 2030. With hydropower, this corresponds to a share of 60%. In 2020, Pakistan announced its intention to reach 27 GW of solar by 2047.

Interactive Chart Pakistan Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Learn more about renewables in the Mini grid Africa & Asia markets for village electrification

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

In its updated 2021 NDC, Pakistan commits to cut its GHG emissions in 2030 by up to 50% relative to a BAU scenario (unconditional target of 15% and conditional target of 35%).

CO2 emissions from fuel combustion have increased rapidly since 2013, apart from a reduction in 2018 (6%/year over 2018-2020 and 8%/year over 2013-2018). Before that, they had remained stable over 2007-2013. In 2020, they reached around 200 MtCO2, a level about 4 times higher than in 1990.

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