Pakistan energy report
This analysis includes a comprehensive Pakistan energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2018 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.
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Institutions & Energy Policy
The Ministry of Energy oversees the energy sector through two divisions:the Petroleum Division, in charge of oil and gas supply, as well as of energy and mineral resources, and the Power Division. The Ministry was created in 2017 from the merger of the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Resources and the Ministry of Water and Power.
Gas production has substantially dropped since 2014 (-8%/year; 27 bcm in 2018), after a period of stability at around 38 bcm over 2008-2013; it rose strongly between 2000 and 2007 (by 8%/year) following the exploitation of new fields.
Pakistan imports gas in the form of LNG since 2015 (14 bcm in 2018).
Gasoline and diesel prices follow the evolution of international oil prices. Hence, in 2019 they both decreased slightly, reaching US$0.71/l and US$0.81/l, respectively. Prices had been on a slow upward trend over 2016-2018, before which they had dropped significantly in 2015 and 2016.
Per capita consumption is about 0.52 toe, including 590 kWh of electricity (2018).
The country's total consumption stabilized at 104.5 Mtoe in 2018, after a period of significant increase between 2014 and 2017 (4.2%/year); the progression was more moderate between 2008 and 2013 (1.5%/year).
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Issues & Prospects
As part of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) initiative, China has pledged more than US$50bn in financial support to improve Pakistan's transport and energy infrastructure in order to end its ongoing power shortage crisis and boost trade from China's landlocked north-west region to Pakistan's Gwadar Port.
- GENERAL OVERVIEW
- INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY POLICY
- ENERGY SUPPLY
- ENERGY PRICES
- ENERGY CONSUMPTION
- ISSUES AND PROSPECTS
- DATA TABLES
Below is a list of the Pakistan energy market report graphs:
- GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
- GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2018, %)
- GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
- GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2018, %)
- GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
- GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
- GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh GCV)
- GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
- GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2018, %)
- GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2018 %)
In the Pakistan energy market report you will find the following tables:
- Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
- Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source
- Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
- Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
The Pakistan energy market data since 1990 and up to 2018 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Pakistan country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.
Key Data included in the excelsheet:
- Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
- Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
- Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
- Energy Balance: total and per energy.
- Pakistan Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Pakistan energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).
The Pakistan country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.
Data included in the excelsheet:
- New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
- Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.
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