Pakistan energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Pakistan energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2020 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Pakistan energy report
May 2022
2 files (PDF report, Excel file)
34 (Report only)

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  • The country targets a share of 30% of wind and solar in power capacity in 2030.
  • The government decided to stop building new coal-fired power plants.
  • The public oil and gas E&P companies are planned to be privatised.
  • Both state-owned companies and IPPs are active in the electricity sector.
  • The share of gas in the power mix is increasing rapidly (+17 points since 2010).
  • Two nuclear units of 1 GW each were commissioned in 2021 and 2022.
  • Oil and electricity prices are significantly lower than in India.
  • Energy consumption is progressing rapidly since 2014.
  • Biomass supplies one third of total energy consumption, with a stable share since 2010.
  • Households and services absorb around half of the final consumption.
  • Over 20 GW of power projects are under construction.
  • Pakistan plans to triple its LNG import capacity.


of gas consumption imported as LNG in 20209

+13 GW

increase in electricity capacity since 2016

+29 GW

to be installed between 2022 and 2026


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Energy oversees the energy sector through two divisions:the Petroleum Division, in charge of oil and gas supply, as well as of energy and mineral resources, and the Power Division. The Ministry was created in 2017 from the merger of the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Resources and the Ministry of Water and Power.

  • Energy Supply


    The country has substantial hydroelectric resources with an economically exploitable potential estimated at 130 TWh, of which only around 21% is developed so far. The country also has large natural gas reserves (428 bcm end of 2020), but they have been decreasing regularly, with a significant drop in the last two years (-4% in 2020 and -11% in 2019).

  • Energy Prices


    Gasoline and diesel prices follow international oil prices. Hence, they rebounded in 2021 after 2 years of significant decrease, reaching a low point in 2020 at US$0.62/l and US$0.65/l, respectively. Historically lower, gasoline caught up with diesel in 2021, both reaching US$0.76/l.

    Gasoline prices are lower than in neighbouring countries India (42% lower) and Bangladesh (28% lower).

  • Energy Consumption

    Per capita consumption is about 0.53 toe, including 550 kWh of electricity (2020).

    The country's total consumption has increased rapidly since 2014 (4%/year). The progression was more moderate between 2008 and 2013 (1.5%/year).


  • Issues & Prospects

    As part of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) initiative, China has pledged more than US$50bn in financial support to improve Pakistan's transport and energy infrastructure in order to end its ongoing power shortage crisis and boost trade from China's landlocked north-west region to Pakistan's Gwadar Port.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Pakistan energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2020 %)

List of Tables

In the Pakistan energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Pakistan energy market data since 1990 and up to 2020 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Pakistan country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Pakistan Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Pakistan energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Pakistan country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


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