Pakistan energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Pakistan energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2019 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Pakistan energy report
March 2021
3 files (PDF report, 2 Excel files)
34 (Report only)

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  • The country targets a share of 30% of wind and solar in power capacity in 2030 (60% including hydro).
  • The government decided to stop building new coal-fired power plants.
  • The public oil and gas E&P companies are planned to be privatised.
  • Both state-owned companies and IPPs are active in the electricity sector.
  • The country is dependent on energy imports because of a lack of investments to develop its substantial resources of hydro, natural gas, and lignite.
  • Oil and electricity prices are significantly lower than in India.
  • Energy consumption decreased slightly in 2019, after a period of rapid growth.
  • Biomass is the largest energy source. Households and services are the main energy users.
  • Over 14 GW of power projects are under construction and a further 70 GW are in the planning stage. Pakistan plans to triple its LNG import capacity.


of gas consumption imported as LNG in 2019

+11 GW

increase in electricity capacity since 2016

+29 GW

to be installed between 2020 and 2025


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Energy oversees the energy sector through two divisions:the Petroleum Division, in charge of oil and gas supply, as well as of energy and mineral resources, and the Power Division. The Ministry was created in 2017 from the merger of the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Resources and the Ministry of Water and Power.

  • Energy Supply


    Oil production has fluctuated around 4-5 Mt since 2014 (4.8 Mt in 2019). Production supplies just over 20% of the country's needs. Crude oil imports reached 8.5 Mt in 2019, corresponding to a drop by 20%, that comes after years of steady increases (+8%/year over 2011-2018).

  • Energy Prices


    Gasoline and diesel prices follow international oil prices. Hence, they decreased slightly in 2019 and more significantly in 2020, reaching US$0.65/l and US$0.68/l, respectively. Prices had been on a slow upward trend over 2016-2018, before which they had dropped significantly in 2015 and 2016.

  • Energy Consumption

    Per capita consumption is about 0.51 toe, including 550 kWh of electricity (2019).

    The country's total consumption experienced a slight decrease in 2019, by 1% to 110 Mtoe, after a period of significant increase between 2013 and 2018 (4.5%/year); the progression was more moderate between 2008 and 2013 (1.5%/year).


  • Issues & Prospects

    As part of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) initiative, China has pledged more than US$50bn in financial support to improve Pakistan's transport and energy infrastructure in order to end its ongoing power shortage crisis and boost trade from China's landlocked north-west region to Pakistan's Gwadar Port.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Pakistan energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2019 %)

List of Tables

In the Pakistan energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Pakistan energy market data since 1990 and up to 2019 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Pakistan country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Pakistan Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Pakistan energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Pakistan country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


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