North Macedonia Energy Information
North Macedonia Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 3.55 %/year
Energy independence: 40.3%
Data of the last year available: 2019
CO2 Emissions: 3.81 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 13.4%
* at purchasing power parity
View all macro and energy indicators in the North Macedonia energy report
North Macedonia Related News
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North Macedonia Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
In 2019, the country's energy consumption per capita was 1.3 toe, which is 54% below the European average, including 3 045 kWh of electricity (43% below the EU average).
Total energy consumption has decreased between 2011 and 2018 and has strongly increased in 2019 (+8%) to 8 Mtoe.
Oil and lignite cover 37% each of total energy consumption, primary electricity 10% (hydroelectricity 4%, electricity imports 6%), gas 9%, and biomass 7% (2019). The share of lignite has fallen since 2010 (-9 percentage points), to the advantage of oil and gas (+5 percentage points each).
Interactive Chart North Macedonia Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Oil supplies are covered by imports. North Macedonia ended crude oil imports in 2013, when the 50 kb/d OKTA refinery was shut down. Oil product imports rose by 14% in 2019 to 1.25 Mt (of which 80% from Greece). According to preliminary estimates, they declined by 5% in 2020 to 1.2 Mt. Since 2011, oil products have been free from custom duties, leading to a 55% surge in 2012.
Interactive Chart North Macedonia Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
In 2017, North Macedonia amended its National Renewable Action Plan (NREAP) (2015), setting a target of nearly 24% of renewables in final energy consumption in 2020 (17% achieved in 2019), including 27% for electricity (24% in 2019), 30% for heating (30% in 2019), and 10% for transport (less than 1% in 2019).
Interactive Chart North Macedonia Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
According to the draft NECP, North Macedonia aims to cut its GHG emissions by 82% by 2030 (compared to 1990), which corresponds to a 78% cut compared to a BAU scenario. GHG emissions should be cut by 66% in the energy sector, by 45% in industry, 29% in agriculture, 95% in forest and land use and 21% in the waste sector.
North Macedonia's Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) aims to cut CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion by 30% to 36% by 2030 compared to a BAU scenario; this would limit the growth in CO2 emissions to a range of 20-31% compared to 1990.
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