Nigeria Energy Information
2019 Nigeria Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 2.21 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
* at purchasing power parity
CO2 Emissions: 0.43 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 15.4%
Nigeria Related News
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Nigeria Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Consumption per capita was 0.8 toe in 2019. Electricity consumption per capita is relatively low in comparison to neighbouring countries and reached 130 kWh/hab in 2019.
Total consumption has increased by 3.7%/year since 2016, reaching 168 Mtoe in 2019.
In 2019, biomass accounted for 75% of total consumption, which is higher than the region's average. Oil is the second most important energy source with 17%, followed by gas (8%).
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Nigeria Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Oil production, which decreased by 27% between a peak of 127 Mt in 2010 and 2016, has increased by 8% since then to 99 Mt in 2019.
Interactive Chart Nigeria Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
After a 59% increase between 2012 and 2013, oil product consumption remained relatively stable at around 17-20 Mt/year. Despite its share decreasing, transport is the main consuming sector with 92% of total oil products consumption.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Nigeria Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Since 2017, the consumption of natural gas is stable at around 17 bcm/year. Previously, it increased by 13%/year between 2009 and 2014.
The energy sector absorbs ¾ of the gas consumption: 39% for power generation and 36% for the oil and gas sector ("others").
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Nigeria Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal consumption is very limited (0.1 Mt in 2019) and is exclusively used in the industry sector.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Nigeria Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption increased rapidly between 2000 and 2012 (10%/year, on average) and then remained roughly stable.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
The share of the residential sector in electricity consumption has increased at a regular pace since 2000 (from 50% to 58% in 2019), whereas the share of industry has been on a slight downward trend (from 21% to 16% in 2019).
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
According to its National Renewable Energy Action Plan (2016), Nigeria targets 16% of its electricity consumption from renewables by 2030, with 13.8 GW of capacity.
Interactive Chart Nigeria Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In its NDC, the country committed to reducing its GHG emissions from 20% to 45% compared to a BAU scenario by 2030. Measures to reduce emissions in the energy sector include efficiency improvement, increased use of renewables, supply-side options (rehabilitation of existing oil refineries and power plants, introduction of CCGT and cogeneration), and reduced gas flaring. Nigeria is the sub-Saharan African country with the second highest greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) after South Africa, mainly because of gas flaring.
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