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Nigeria Energy Information

2019 Nigeria Key Figures

Population: 201 million
GDP growth rate: 2.21 %/year
Energy independence: 100%

* at purchasing power parity
Total consumption/GDP:* 85.8 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 0.43 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 15.4%

Nigeria Related News

Interested in a daily & world selection of energy articles? More information on Key Energy Intelligence

Nigeria Related Research

Total Energy Consumption

Consumption per capita was 0.8 toe in 2019. Electricity consumption per capita is relatively low in comparison to neighbouring countries and reached 130 kWh/hab in 2019.

Total consumption has increased by 3.7%/year since 2016, reaching 168 Mtoe in 2019.

In 2019, biomass accounted for 75% of total consumption, which is higher than the region's average. Oil is the second most important energy source with 17%, followed by gas (8%).

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Interactive Chart Nigeria Total Energy Consumption

More research: Nigeria energy report

Crude Oil Production

Oil production, which decreased by 27% between a peak of 127 Mt in 2010 and 2016, has increased by 8% since then to 99 Mt in 2019.

Interactive Chart Nigeria Crude Oil Production

More research: EMEA Refineries Dataset

Oil Products Consumption

After a 59% increase between 2012 and 2013, oil product consumption remained relatively stable at around 17-20 Mt/year. Despite its share decreasing, transport is the main consuming sector with 92% of total oil products consumption.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)

Interactive Chart Nigeria Refined Oil Products Production

More research: EMEA Refineries Dataset

Natural Gas Consumption

Since 2017, the consumption of natural gas is stable at around 17 bcm/year. Previously, it increased by 13%/year between 2009 and 2014.

The energy sector absorbs ¾ of the gas consumption: 39% for power generation and 36% for the oil and gas sector ("others").

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)

Interactive Chart Nigeria Natural Gas Domestic Consumption

More research: EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

Coal Consumption

Coal consumption is very limited (0.1 Mt in 2019) and is exclusively used in the industry sector.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)

Interactive Chart Nigeria Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption

Power Consumption

Electricity consumption increased rapidly between 2000 and 2012 (10%/year, on average) and then remained roughly stable.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

The share of the residential sector in electricity consumption has increased at a regular pace since 2000 (from 50% to 58% in 2019), whereas the share of industry has been on a slight downward trend (from 21% to 16% in 2019).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)

Renewable in % Electricity Production

According to its National Renewable Energy Action Plan (2016), Nigeria targets 16% of its electricity consumption from renewables by 2030, with 13.8 GW of capacity.

Interactive Chart Nigeria Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

In its NDC, the country committed to reducing its GHG emissions from 20% to 45% compared to a BAU scenario by 2030. Measures to reduce emissions in the energy sector include efficiency improvement, increased use of renewables, supply-side options (rehabilitation of existing oil refineries and power plants, introduction of CCGT and cogeneration), and reduced gas flaring. Nigeria is the sub-Saharan African country with the second highest greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) after South Africa, mainly because of gas flaring.

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