Mozambique Energy Information
Mozambique Key Figures
GDP growth rate: -0.5 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 0.21 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 17.9%
* at purchasing power parity
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Mozambique Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Per capita consumption is around 0.36 toe in 2020, down from its 0.39 toe peak in 2015, which is 45% below the African average. Per capita electricity consumption has remained quite stable since 2010 at around 440 kWh, which is 15% below the African average (2020).
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Total energy consumption has been increasing by 2%/year, on average, since 2011 to 11 Mt in 2020.
Interactive Chart Mozambique Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Mozambique produced NGL and in very limited quantity and has no refinery, therefore, all the oil products supplied is imported reaching 1.6 Mt in 2020 (stable since 2016).
Interactive Chart Mozambique Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The National Directorate of New and Renewable Energy is in charge of framing policies to increase the use of renewables.
The Master Plan for Electrical Infrastructure ("Plano Diretor de Infraestruturas Elétricas 2018-2043") foresees a reduction in the share of renewables in the total capacity by 2043, with hydro representing only around 9% of the new capacities to be installed between 2018 and 2028 and 40% between 2028 and 2047.
Interactive Chart Mozambique Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In its updated NDC (November 2021), Mozambique targeted a GHG emission reduction target of 10 MtCO2eq in 2025, i.e. around 20% below a BAU projection; the cumulated reduction between 2020 and 2025 is estimated at 40 Mt. The target is conditional on financial assistance and technology transfer.
In 2012, the Government adopted its 2013-2025 National Strategy for Mitigation and Adaptation to Climate Change (ENAMMC). It aims to reduce vulnerability to climate change and improve the population's living conditions.
Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)
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