Morocco Energy Information
2018 Morocco Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 2.96 %/year
Energy independence: 9.27%
* at purchasing power parity
CO2 Emissions: 1.68 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 18.5%
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Morocco Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Per capita energy consumption is 0.6 toe, including 880 kWh of electricity (2018).
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
The progression of total energy consumption has slowed since 2010 (2.5%/year, compared to 4.5%/year over 2000-2010), reaching 21 Mtoe in 2018.
Interactive Chart Morocco Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
The national production of hydrocarbons is low. All the oil products are imported since the shutdown of the sole refinery of the country in 2015 (200 000 bbl/d). Oil product imports have increased rapidly since 2015 (11%/year), nearing 13 Mt in 2018.
Interactive Chart Morocco Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil product consumption increased rapidly between 2000 and 2012 (4.4%/year, on average), reaching a peak of 12 Mt, and has remained roughly stable since then (12 Mt in 2018).
The transport sector consumes 44% of oil products, followed by industry (27%), the residential-tertiary sector (26%), and power plants (3%). The share of oil used in the power sector dropped by 10 points since 2010, due to the shift towards coal.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Interactive Chart Morocco Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Gas consumption reached 1.1 bcm in 2018. It increased significantly between 2005 and 2012, after the commissioning of the Tahaddart and Tarfaya power plants, but has remained roughly stable until 2017.
The power sector accounted for 93% of gas consumption in the country in 2018, the rest being consumed by the industrial sector (7%).
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)
Interactive Chart Morocco Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal consumption has increased rapidly since 2014 with the commissioning of new coal power plants (13%/year). Between 2001 and 2013 it had remained roughly stable (4 to 5 Mt).
Coal is almost exclusively used for power generation.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)
Interactive Chart Morocco Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption grew rapidly between 2000 and 2012 with the implementation of the electrification program (6.5%/year, on average). The progression was much slower between 2012 and 2017 (2.5%/year) and electricity consumption decreased in 2018.
Industry is the largest electricity consumer (36%), followed by households (34%) and services (18%).
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
Masen, Moroccan Agency for Sustainable Energy, was established in 2010 to manage developments of solar power. Its responsibilities were extended in 2016 to coordinate all renewable energy projects, including wind and hydro. ONEE and AMEE will gradually transfer to Masen all projects and assets related to renewables over a transitional period of 5 years.
Interactive Chart Morocco Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
Morocco ratified the Paris Agreement in 2016 and submitted its NDC, which sets an unconditional target of 17% in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction below BAU by 2030. The country will have to invest US$26bn to reach this goal. Morocco could commit to an additional 25% target on condition of international financial support of around US$24bn. The action plan consists of 55 options, 70% of which is in the energy sector. The transition implies 52% of power capacity from renewables and the reduction of energy consumption by 15% by 2030.
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