Kazakhstan Energy Information
2019 Kazakhstan Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 4.50 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
* at purchasing power parity
CO2 Emissions: 14.4 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 7.53%
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Total Energy Consumption
Per capita consumption is about 4.8 toe, and around 4 200 kWh of electricity.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Total energy consumption increased very rapidly between 2000 and 2014 (6%/year), peaking at around 82 Mtoe; it decreased between 2013 and 2016 with the economic slowdown and increased again with the economic recovery to 89 Mtoe in 2019.
Graph: TOTAL CONSUMPTION MARKET SHARE BY ENERGY (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Kazakhstan Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Oil production has been increasing by 4.5%/year since 2016 to 90 Mt in 2019 with the progressive ramp-up of the Kashagan field. In 2016, the country agreed to cut a symbolic 20 000 bbl/d of its oil production under the OPEC/non-OPEC deal. The commitment was confirmed again in 2017 and extended again until the end of 2018. In January 2019, it pledged to cut 40 000 bbl/d from a baseline set at 1.9 mb/d, starting from January 2019. Kazakhstan is the second largest oil producer of the CIS after Russia.
Interactive Chart Kazakhstan Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The National Program of Wind Power Sector Development sets wind generation targets of 900 GWh in 2015 (700 GWh achieved) and 5 TWh in 2024. According to the 2050 Strategy of 2013 that aimed to move Kazakhstan to a green economy: non-fossil energies (nuclear, hydro, solar and wind) should account for 3% (only wind and solar) by 2020, about 30% by 2030 and 50% of the country's total energy consumption by 2050. The COVID crisis and volatile oil prices led this project to move Kazakhstan towards green energies.
Interactive Chart Kazakhstan Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In its 2015 Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), Kazakhstan announced an unconditional target to reduce GHG emissions to 15% below 1990 levels by 2030, and a conditional target of 25%.
CO2 emissions from energy combustion more than doubled between 2000 and 2013. After a decrease until 2015, they are increasing again and now stand at close to their 1990 level. Kazakhstan is among the world's 10 largest CO2 emitters per unit of GDP.
Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)
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