Kazakhstan Energy Information
Kazakhstan Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 4.00 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Data of the last year available: 2021
CO2 Emissions: 11.2 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 6.97%
* at purchasing power parity
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Kazakhstan Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Per capita consumption is about 3.9 toe and around 4 500 kWh of electricity (2021).
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Total energy consumption rebounded by around 9% in 2021 after a 7% drop in 2020 with the Covid crisis. It increased rapidly (+6%/year) with the economic recovery to 77 Mtoe in 2019.
Coal is the main energy source consumed (47% of total consumption), followed by gas (31%) and oil (21%, up from 17% in 2010).
Interactive Chart Kazakhstan Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Oil production decreased by 5% in 2020 due to the COVID-19 crisis and remained stable in 2021 (87 Mt), after a 5.1%/year rise between 2016 and 2019 (92 Mt). In 2016, the country agreed to cut a symbolic 20 000 bbl/d of its oil production under the OPEC/non-OPEC deal. The commitment was confirmed again in 2017 and extended again until the end of 2018. In January 2019, it pledged to cut 40 000 bbl/d from a baseline set at 1.9 mb/d, starting from January 2019. Production levels were raised in early 2021. Kazakhstan is the second largest oil producer of the CIS after Russia.
Interactive Chart Kazakhstan Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The National Program of Wind Power Sector Development sets wind generation targets of 900 GWh in 2015 (700 GWh achieved) and 5 TWh in 2024. According to the 2050 Strategy (2013), which aimed to move Kazakhstan to a green economy: non-fossil energies (nuclear, hydro, solar, and wind) should account for 3% (only wind and solar) by 2020, about 30% by 2030 and 50% of the country's total energy consumption by 2050.
In May 2021, the government raised the target on the share of renewables in the power mix from 10% to 15% by 2030 (11% reached in 2021).
Interactive Chart Kazakhstan Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In 2020, the government of Kazakhstan announced an unconditional target to reach carbon neutrality by 2060. In its first NDC (2015), it had set an unconditional target to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to 15% below 1990 levels by 2030 and a conditional target of 25%.
CO2 emissions from energy combustion more than doubled between 2000 and 2013. After a decrease until 2015, they are increasing again and reached 239 MtCO2 in 2021.
Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)
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