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Kazakhstan Energy Information

Kazakhstan Key Figures

Population: 18.8 million
GDP growth rate: -2.7 %/year
Energy independence: 100%

Data of the last year available: 2020
Total consumption/GDP:* 72.7 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 11.0 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 7.16%

* at purchasing power parity

View all macro and energy indicators in the Kazakhstan energy report

Kazakhstan Related News

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Kazakhstan Related Research

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

A data overview is available in the global energy statistics app

Total Energy Consumption

Per capita consumption is about 3.7 toe, and around 4 900 kWh of electricity (2020).

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Total energy consumption increased very rapidly between 2000 and 2013 (+6.6%/year), peaking at around 82 Mtoe; it decreased until 2016 with the economic slowdown (-7.7%/year) and increased again (+6%/year) with the economic recovery to 77 Mtoe in 2019. In 2020, it contracted by 8.6% to 70.1 Mtoe.

Interactive Chart Kazakhstan Total Energy Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed fondamentals of the market at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Kazakhstan energy report

Crude Oil Production

Oil production decreased to 5% in 2020 (87.1 Mt) due to the COVID-19 crisis, after a 5.1%/year rise between 2016 and 2019 (92 Mt). In 2016, the country agreed to cut a symbolic 20 000 bbl/d of its oil production under the OPEC/non-OPEC deal. The commitment was confirmed again in 2017 and extended again until the end of 2018. In January 2019, it pledged to cut 40 000 bbl/d from a baseline set at 1.9 mb/d, starting from January 2019. Production levels were raised in early 2021. Kazakhstan is the second largest oil producer of the CIS after Russia.

Interactive Chart Kazakhstan Crude Oil Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Renewable in % Electricity Production

The National Program of Wind Power Sector Development sets wind generation targets of 900 GWh in 2015 (700 GWh achieved) and 5 TWh in 2024. According to the 2050 Strategy (2013), which aimed to move Kazakhstan to a green economy: non-fossil energies (nuclear, hydro, solar, and wind) should account for 3% (only wind and solar) by 2020, about 30% by 2030 and 50% of the country's total energy consumption by 2050. The COVID crisis and volatile oil prices led this project to move Kazakhstan towards green energies.

Interactive Chart Kazakhstan Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

In 2020, the government of Kazakhstan announced an unconditional target to reach carbon neutrality by 2060. In its first NDC (2015), it had set an unconditional target to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to 15% below 1990 levels by 2030 and a conditional target of 25%.

CO2 emissions from energy combustion more than doubled between 2000 and 2013. After a decrease until 2015, they are increasing again and now stand at close to their 1993 level (around 200 MtCO2).

Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)

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