Kazakhstan energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Kazakhstan energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2020 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Kazakhstan energy report
August 2021
3 files (PDF report, 2 Excel files)
33 (Report only)

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  • The 2050 Strategy targets a 50% share of non-fossil energies in total energy consumption by 2050.
  • State-owned Samruk-Energy is the largest power producer, with around 30% of total production.
  • Around 60% of oil production is provided by 3 consortia (TCO, NCOC, and KPO), in which national company KazMunaiGas has stakes.
  • Kazakhstan has abundant energy reserves. It holds around 10% of the world's uranium resources and is the largest producer.
  • The COVID-19 crisis cut oil and gas production in 2020.
  • Energy prices are regulated by the CRNM and have remained stable since 2016.
  • Energy consumption is almost entirely covered by fossil energy sources (98%).
  • The Strategy 2050 expects power demand to double by 2050.


uranium producer worldwide


energy consumption from fossil sources


of renewables in the power mix in 2030


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Energy oversees the energy sector. It was created in 2014 following the merger of three Ministries ("Oil and Gas", "Industry and New Technologies" and "Environment and Water Resources"). This supersized Ministry was created to tackle the declining exports to Russia and the stagnant domestic oil production.

  • Energy Supply


    Gas marketed production has increased fourfold since 2000. In 2020, gas production decreased by 6.3% to less than 37 bcm. According to KMG, Karachaganak accounted for 46% of the country's gross production in 2020, followed by Tengiz (33%) and Kashagan (21%). Out of total gross production, approximately 40% is pumped back into the reservoirs to maintain pressure.

  • Energy Prices


    Gas prices for households remained relatively stable between 2012 and 2015 before decreasing strongly to US$0.4/kWh in 2016. However, they rose to US$0.46/kWh in 2017 and remained stable in 2018.


  • Energy Consumption

    Per capita consumption is about 3.7 toe, and around 4 900 kWh of electricity (2020).


  • Issues & Prospects


    In its Strategy 2050, Kazakhstan expects electricity demand to reach 135 TWh in 2030 and 170 TWh in 2050.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Kazakhstan energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2020%)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for households (US$c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2020 %)

List of Tables

In the Kazakhstan energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Kazakhstan energy market data since 1990 and up to 2020 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Kazakhstan country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Kazakhstan Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Kazakhstan energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Kazakhstan country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


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