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Kazakhstan energy report

Kazakhstan energy report
2 files (PDF report, Excel file)
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Kazakhstan energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.


  • The 2050 Strategy targets a 50% share of non-fossil energies in total energy consumption by 2050.
  • The country plans to be carbon neutral by 2060.
  • State-owned Samruk-Energy is the largest power producer, with 30% of total production.
  • Around 60% of oil production is provided by 3 consortia (TCO, NCOC, and KPO), in which national company KazMunaiGas has stakes.
  • Kazakhstan has abundant energy reserves. It holds around 10% of the world's uranium resources and is the largest producer.
  • Gas production has been decreasing rapidly since 2018 (-11%/year).
  • Energy prices increased in 2021, especially for gas.
  • Coal supplies almost half of the energy consumption.
  • The Strategy 2050 expects power demand to double by 2050.


uranium producer worldwide


energy consumption from fossil sources


of renewables in the power mix in 2030

  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Energy oversees the energy sector. It was created in 2014 following the merger of three Ministries ("Oil and Gas", "Industry and New Technologies" and "Environment and Water Resources"). This supersized Ministry was created to tackle the declining exports to Russia and the stagnant domestic oil production.

  • Energy Supply


    Oil production decreased by 5% in 2020 due to the COVID-19 crisis and remained stable in 2021 (87 Mt), after a 5.1%/year rise between 2016 and 2019 (92 Mt). In 2016, the country agreed to cut a symbolic 20 000 bbl/d of its oil production under the OPEC/non-OPEC deal. The commitment was confirmed again in 2017 and extended again until the end of 2018.

  • Energy Prices


    The price of oil products is quite low and only slightly above the international spot price, especially for diesel. In 2021, the price of gasoline and diesel increased by 8% (US$0.39/l) and 7% (US$0.44/l), respectively, after a decrease between 2017 and 2020 of 6%/year.


  • Energy Consumption

    Per capita consumption is about 3.9 toe and around 4 500 kWh of electricity (2021).


  • Issues & Prospects


    Kazakhstan's oil potential has recently gained international prominence. The country's main objective is to intensify exploration and production, as well as exports.

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2021%)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for households (US$c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2021 %)
  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

The Kazakhstan energy market data since 1990 and up to is included in the Excel file accompanying the Kazakhstan country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Kazakhstan Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Kazakhstan energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Kazakhstan country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.