Italy Energy Information
Italy Key Figures
GDP growth rate: -8.9 %/year
Energy independence: 25.6%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 4.67 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 5.77%
* at purchasing power parity
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Italy Related News
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Italy Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Italy's per capita energy consumption is nearly 20% lower than the EU average (2.3 toe in 2020). Electricity consumption per capita is around 5 000 kWh (4 750 kWh in 2020), i.e. 11% below the EU average.
Total energy consumption, which had declined slightly between 2017 and 2019 (-1.5%/year), fell by 6.5% to 139 Mtoe in 2020. It declined rapidly between its peak in 2005 and 2014 (by 2.6%/year) and was 25% below its 2005 level in 2020.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Italy Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Domestic oil and NGL production increased by 24% in 2020 to 5.9 Mt: it covered around 10% of the country's needs.
Crude oil imports fell by 19% to 53 Mt in 2020; according to preliminary statistics, they rose by 13% in 2021. Five suppliers accounted for 3/4 of crude oil supply in 2021, namely Azerbaijan (23%), Libya (19%), Iraq (14%), Russia, and Saudi Arabia (10% each). In March 2022, in the wake of the invasion of Ukraine, Eni stopped buying oil and oil products from Russia.
Interactive Chart Italy Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil product consumption, which decreased slightly (-1.6%/year) between 2015 and 2019, fell by 15% in 2020 as a result of the COVID-19 crisis that deeply hit Italy and led to severe lockdown and transport restrictions (-20% for transport). According to preliminary statistics, oil product consumption rose by 13% in 2021 (+ 22% for gasoline and +19% for diesel). In 2020, oil consumption was 50% below its 2000 level.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Interactive Chart Italy Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Natural gas consumption, which increased between 2014 and 2019 (+3.8%/year) due to rising consumption in the power sector, declined by 4.3% in 2020 (contraction in the power sector and industry). According to preliminary statistics, it recovered by 7% in 2021 to 76 bcm. Gas consumption, which surged by 5.2%/year between 1994 and a peak of 86 bcm in 2005, declined by 3.6%/year until 2014 owing to lower demand from the power sector and industry.
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Interactive Chart Italy Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal consumption has more than halved since 2010 (-64%, including -25% in 2019 alone and -27% in 2020) to 7.9 Mt in 2020, because of the closure of coal fired power plants and the higher competition from gas and renewables (linked to higher European carbon prices in 2020). It rose rapidly between 1993 and 2004 to supply coal-fired power plants (above 4%/year).
Power generation accounts for over 70% of coal consumption (75% in 2020) and industry consumes most of the remainder (24%).
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Interactive Chart Italy Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption contracted by 6% in 2020 to 284 TWh, due to the COVID-19 pandemic. It rose by 1.7%/year between 2000 and 2008, when it reached a peak (319 TWh), and fell by 1.5%/year on average through 2014, before stabilising until 2019.
According to preliminary estimates, electricity consumption grew by 5.6% in 2021, returning to its 2019 level.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
Italy exceeded by more than 3 points its 2020 renewable targets (17%), as the share of renewables in final energy consumption in 2020 reached 20.4% (38% for electricity vs target of 26%) and 20% for heating and cooling (target of 17%). The NECP 2030 targets a share of 30% of renewables in final consumption, including 55% in electricity consumption and 34% in heat consumption. It plans 50 GW of solar PV in 2030 (+30 GW).
Interactive Chart Italy Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
GHG emissions have been decreasing since 2005; in 2019, they dipped by 3.8% to 389 MtCO2eq and were 25% below their 1990 level.
The NECP 2030 aims at cutting GHG emissions for all ETS sectors by 43% and for all non-ETS sectors by 33% in 2030 (compared to 2005): this corresponds to an overall reduction of 40% compared to 1990 levels. Italy is considering raising the GHG emissions cut target to 60% by 2030 compared to 1990.
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