Italy Energy Information
Italy Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 0.30 %/year
Energy independence: 23.2%
Data of the last year available: 2019
CO2 Emissions: 5.19 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 5.32%
* at purchasing power parity
View all macro and energy indicators in the Italy energy report
Italy Related News
View all news, archive your new and create your own daily newsletters only on your topics/countries of interest with Key Energy Intelligence
Italy Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Italy's per capita energy consumption is 20% lower than the EU average (2.5 toe in 2019). Electricity consumption per capita is around 5 000 kWh, i.e. 10% below the EU average.
Total energy consumption has been declining slightly since 2017 by 1.7%/year to 149 Mtoe in 2019. It declined rapidly between 2005 and 2014 (by 2.6%/year).
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Italy Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Domestic oil and NGL production (4.8 Mt in 2019) cover around 7% of the country's needs.
Crude oil imports remained stable at 66 Mt in 2019. Six suppliers accounted for over 70% of crude oil supply, namely Iraq (20% in 2019), Azerbaijan (17%), Russia (14%), Libya (12%), and Saudi Arabia (8%).
Interactive Chart Italy Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil consumption has decreased slightly since 2015 (-1.4%/year) to 51 Mt in 2019. It fell by 38% between 2000 and 2013.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
The transport sector absorbs a growing share of total oil product consumption (62% in 2019, up from 52% in 2010). It is followed by industry and non-energy uses (15%, down from 19% in 2010). Power plants accounted for just 8% of oil consumption in 2019, compared to 23% in 2000 and 11% in 2010.
Interactive Chart Italy Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Natural gas consumption has been increasing since 2014 (+3.7%/year), due to rising consumption in the power sector. Gas consumption, which had surged by 5.2%/year between 1994 and 2005 to 86 bcm, declined until 2014 as the demand from the power sector and industry declined.
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Interactive Chart Italy Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal consumption has more than halved since 2010 (-54%, including -30% in 2019 alone) to 10 Mt in 2019, because of the closure of coal fired power plants. It rose rapidly between 1993 and 2004 to supply coal-fired power plants (above 4%/year).
Power generation accounts for nearly 70% of coal consumption (68% in 2019) and industry consumes most of the remainder (28%).
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Italy Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption decreased slightly in 2019 (-0.6%) to 302 TWh. It rose by 1.7%/year between 2000 and 2008 (319 TWh) and fell by 1.5%/year on average through 2014 (291 TWh), before recovering slightly (+1%/year between 2014 and 2018).
According to preliminary estimates, electricity demand declined by 5% in 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic that struck Italy significantly (with a 17% record low in April 2020).
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
Italy will meet its 2020 renewable targets (17%), as the share of renewables in final energy consumption in 2019 was already above 18% (35% for power, i.e. 9 points over the target) and 20% for heating and cooling (target of 17%). The NECP 2030 targets a share of 30% of renewables in final energy consumption, including 55% in electricity consumption and 33% in heat consumption. It plans 50 GW of solar PV in 2030 (+30 GW).
Interactive Chart Italy Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
GHG emissions have been decreasing since 2005; in 2018, they were 16% below their 1990 level (439 Mt).
The NECP 2030 aims at cutting GHG emissions for all ETS sectors by 43% and for all non-ETS sectors by 33% by 2030 (compared to 2005). This would correspond to an overall reduction in GHG emissions of 40% by 2030 compared to 1990 levels.
Energy-related CO2 emissions dropped by 32% between 2005 and 2019 (to 313 MtCO2).
Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)
Secured payment by