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This analysis includes a comprehensive Italy energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.


  • Italy aims to reach a share of 40% of renewables in final consumption in 2030.
  • Enel, Eni, A2A, and Edison account for 40% of power generation and over 50% of the electricity retail market (2022).
  • Eni still dominates gas supply (2/3 of production and 42% of imports in 2022).
  • The share of renewables in the power mix has increased by 10 points since 2010, reaching 37% in 2022, of which 10% is from solar.
  • Italy imports 16% of its electricity consumption and more than 90% of its oil and gas consumption.
  • Since September 2021, significant measures have been introduced to cushion soaring prices on end-consumer bills.
  • Energy consumption declined by 3.3% in 2022 and now stands 23% below its peak level of 2005.
  • The country aims to become a European energy hub through new gas pipelines, power interconnexions, and H2 interconnection projects.
share of solar in the power mix (2022)
reduction in total energy consumption since 2005
of electricity demand covered by imports in 2022
  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of the Environment and Energy Security (MASE), through Its Department for Energy (DiE), oversees the energy sector. The Interministerial Committee for Economic Planning and Sustainable Development (CIPESS) is in charge of national economic and budgetary decisions regarding the energy sector, among others.

  • Energy Companies


    Eni (32.4% state-owned) is the national oil and gas utility. No single shareholder can hold more than 3% of the capital, and any grouping of shareholders is subject to the prior approval of the Treasury.

  • Energy Supply


    Italy is relatively poor in energy resources: it has limited oil reserves (80 Mt in 2022) and gas reserves, which are falling rapidly (from 199 bcm in 2000 to 37 bcm in 2022). The country also has hydroelectricity (60 TWh) and geothermal resources.

  • Energy Prices


    End-consumer prices surged in 2021 and 2022, especially for industry (+15% in 2021 and +72% in 2022). Regulated residential tariffs grew by 55% in the first quarter of 2022, before stabilising in the second and third quarter of 2022 and recovering in the fourth quarter (+59%).

  • Energy Consumption

    Italy's per capita energy consumption is 16% lower than the EU average (2.5 toe in 2022). Electricity consumption per capita is around 5 100 kWh (5060 kWh in 2022), i.e. 9% below the EU average.

  • Issues & Prospects


    Italy's National Energy Strategy (SEN) 2017 aims at rationalising the downstream oil sector, evolving toward bio-refineries and an increased consumption of biofuels and LNG in heavy and maritime transport. Overall, it targets a 13.5 Mtoe reduction in oil product consumption between 2015 and 2030.

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (€/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (€c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (€c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

The Italy energy market data since 1990 and up to is included in the Excel file accompanying the Italy country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Italy Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Italy energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Italy country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
  • Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
  • CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
  • Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
  • Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.