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Italy energy report

Italy energy report
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Italy energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.


  • Italy is investing massively in renewables, energy efficiency, and hydrogen. It aims to reach 30% of renewables in final energy consumption in 2030, up from 20% in 2020.
  • Enel, Eni, A2A, and Edison account for 50% of the electricity retail market and 40% of power generation.
  • Eni still dominates gas supply (70% of production and 47% of imports).
  • The country has a large solar capacity (23 GW), which contributed to 9% of the power mix in 2021. It imports 15% of its electricity consumption and more than 90% of its oil and gas consumption.
  • Electricity prices are significantly higher than the EU averages and have been surging since 2021.
  • In September 2021, significant measures have been introduced to cushion soaring prices on end-consumer bills.
  • Energy consumption rose by 6% in 2021 and now stands 22% below its peak level of 2005.
  • The country aims to become a European energy hub through new gas pipeline projects, with a capacity of 27 bcm/year and a portfolio of 6 GW of power interconnexion projects.


largest solar power capacity in the world (2021)


rise in total energy consumption in 2021


of electricity demand covered by imports in 2021

  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Ecological Transition, through Its Department for Energy and Climate (DiEC), oversees the energy sector, replacing the Ministry of Economic Development (MISE) in 2021. The Directorate General for Infrastructure and Safety of Energy and Geomineral Systems (DGISSEG) also replaced the Directorate General for Security of Supply and Energy Infrastructures (DGSAIE).

  • Energy Companies


    Eni (30.3% state-owned) is the national oil and gas utility. No single shareholder can hold more than 3% of the capital, and any grouping of shareholders is subject to the prior approval of the Treasury.

  • Energy Supply


    Italy is relatively poor in energy resources: it has limited oil reserves (82 Mt in 2021) and gas reserves, which are falling rapidly (from 199 bcm in 2000 to 45 bcm in 2021). The country also has hydroelectricity (60 TWh) and geothermal resources.

  • Energy Prices


    Gas prices are higher than the EU average (+12% for households and +6% for industry in 2019). They declined between 2013 and 2017 (by 7.9%/year for industry and -3.3%/year for households) but recovered until 2019 (+5.3%/year for industry and +4.4%/year for households). In 2020, gas prices declined by 5% for industry and by 11% for households.

  • Energy Consumption

    Italy's per capita energy consumption is nearly 17% lower than the EU average (2.5 toe in 2021). Electricity consumption per capita is around 5 000 kWh (5075 kWh in 2021), i.e. 8% below the EU average.

  • Issues & Prospects


    The SEN 2017 aims at rationalising the downstream oil sector, evolving toward bio-refineries and an increased consumption of biofuels and LNG in heavy and maritime transport. Overall, it targets a 13.5 Mtoe reduction in oil product consumption between 2015 and 2030.

    Unione Petrolifera (UP) expects the country's oil consumption to decrease by 1.1%/year over 2018-2040.

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (€/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (€c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (€c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

The Italy energy market data since 1990 and up to is included in the Excel file accompanying the Italy country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Italy Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Italy energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Italy country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.