Italy energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Italy energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2019 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Italy energy report
July 2020

2 files (PDF report, Excel file)

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  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Economic Development (MISE) coordinates the energy policy through the Directorate General for Security of Supply and Energy Infrastructures (DGSAIE). The Interministerial Committee for Economic Planning (CIPE) is in charge of national economic and budgetary decisions regarding the energy sector, among others.

  • Energy Companies


    Eni (30.1% state-owned) is the national oil and gas utility. No single shareholder can hold more than 3% of the capital, and any grouping of shareholders is subject to the prior approval of the Treasury.

  • Energy Supply


    Domestic production has declined sharply since 2012 (-7.9%/year) to 4.9 bcm in 2019. It reached a peak in 1994 (21 bcm) and decreased until 2009, when it increased slightly until 2012 (+2.4%/year).

  • Energy Prices


    Electricity prices are higher than the European average, especially for industry (+39% for industry and +13% for households in 2018), due to high taxes (over 35% of end-consumer prices in 2019). The average wholesale electricity price on the power exchange fell from €75.5/MWh in 2012 to €42.8/MWh in 2016 (lower electricity demand).

  • Energy Consumption

    Italy's per capita energy consumption is 19% lower than the EU average (2.5 toe in 2019). Electricity consumption per capita is around 5 000 kWh, i.e. 10% below the EU average.

    Total energy consumption has remained broadly stable since 2015, at around 150 Mtoe (-1.1% in 2019 to 149 Mtoe). It declined rapidly between 2005 and 2014 (by 2.6%/year).

  • Issues & Prospects


    According to the latest forecast by Snam Rete Gas, gas consumption is expected to increase slightly (+0.6%/year) between 2019 and 2040. Domestic production should continue to decline and imports should continue to ensure most of gas consumption.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Italy energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (€/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (€c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (€c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)

List of Tables

In the Italy energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Italy energy market data since 1990 and up to 2019 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Italy country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Italy Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Italy energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

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