Iraq Energy Information
Iraq Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 5.94 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Data of the last year available: 2021
CO2 Emissions: 3.23 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 54.4%
* at purchasing power parity
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Iraq Related News
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Iraq Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Total energy consumption per capita amounted to 1.2 toe/capita in 2021. Electricity consumption per capita was 1 030 kWh in 2021. It remains much lower than in neighbouring countries (1 900 kWh in Jordan and 3 300 kWh in Turkey).
Total energy consumption increased by 10% to 50 Mtoe in 2021 after a 17% decrease in 2020. Prior to 2020, it had been increasing rapidly since 2015 (+8%/year).
Oil accounts for most of the country's total energy consumption, with 73% in 2021; the remainder is supplied by gas (24%) and hydropower (3%).
Interactive Chart Iraq Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Oil production decreased by 1% in 2021 (to 203 Mt) after a 12% drop in 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. It had previously been increasing rapidly since 2010 (+8%/year), with a major boost in 2016 (+28%). This was mainly due to increased output at fields in southern Iraq and in the Iraqi Kurdistan Region, which more than offset disrupted volumes in the north.
The share of Iraq in OPEC's oil production has decreased from 16% in 2019 to 12% in 2021.
In 2021, 80% of the production (163 Mt) was exported.
Interactive Chart Iraq Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
In October 2021, the MoO announced the country's ambition to raise its clean energy to 33% of the power capacity mix by 2030 thanks to a sharp increase in solar capacity (target of 12 GW).
In 2017, the MoE launched the Renewable Energy Investment Program with a target of 2 695 MW for 2020. The target was not met as a level of 220 MW was reached in 2020.
Interactive Chart Iraq Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In its NDC, Iraq aims to cut CO2eq emissions from industry by 1-2% and invest US$100bn in green economy for both private and public sectors by 2030. In addition, the NDC identified mitigation measures for the energy sector, such as reducing flaring at the oil and gas fields, switching from liquid fuels to natural gas, improving energy efficiency, and developing renewables. The initial target set in the INDC (2015) of reducing GHG emissions by up to 14% below a BaU projection in 2035 has been removed.
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