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Iraq Energy Information

Iraq Key Figures

Population: 41.2 million
GDP growth rate: 5.94 %/year
Energy independence: 100%

Data of the last year available: 2021
Total consumption/GDP:* 96.5 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 3.23 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 54.4%

* at purchasing power parity

View all macro and energy indicators in the Iraq energy report

Iraq Related News

View all news, archive your new and create your own daily newsletters only on your topics/countries of interest with Key Energy Intelligence

Iraq Related Research

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

A data overview is available in the global energy statistics app

Total Energy Consumption

Total energy consumption per capita amounted to 1.2 toe/capita in 2021. Electricity consumption per capita was 1 030 kWh in 2021. It remains much lower than in neighbouring countries (1 900 kWh in Jordan and 3 300 kWh in Turkey).

Total energy consumption increased by 10% to 50 Mtoe in 2021 after a 17% decrease in 2020. Prior to 2020, it had been increasing rapidly since 2015 (+8%/year).

Oil accounts for most of the country's total energy consumption, with 73% in 2021; the remainder is supplied by gas (24%) and hydropower (3%).

Interactive Chart Iraq Total Energy Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed fondamentals of the market at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Iraq energy report

Crude Oil Production

Oil production decreased by 1% in 2021 (to 203 Mt) after a 12% drop in 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. It had previously been increasing rapidly since 2010 (+8%/year), with a major boost in 2016 (+28%). This was mainly due to increased output at fields in southern Iraq and in the Iraqi Kurdistan Region, which more than offset disrupted volumes in the north.

The share of Iraq in OPEC's oil production has decreased from 16% in 2019 to 12% in 2021.

In 2021, 80% of the production (163 Mt) was exported.

Interactive Chart Iraq Crude Oil Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Renewable in % Electricity Production

In October 2021, the MoO announced the country's ambition to raise its clean energy to 33% of the power capacity mix by 2030 thanks to a sharp increase in solar capacity (target of 12 GW).

In 2017, the MoE launched the Renewable Energy Investment Program with a target of 2 695 MW for 2020. The target was not met as a level of 220 MW was reached in 2020.

Interactive Chart Iraq Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

In its NDC, Iraq aims to cut CO2eq emissions from industry by 1-2% and invest US$100bn in green economy for both private and public sectors by 2030. In addition, the NDC identified mitigation measures for the energy sector, such as reducing flaring at the oil and gas fields, switching from liquid fuels to natural gas, improving energy efficiency, and developing renewables. The initial target set in the INDC (2015) of reducing GHG emissions by up to 14% below a BaU projection in 2035 has been removed.

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