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Iraq Energy Information

Iraq Key Figures

Population: 40.4 million
GDP growth rate: -12 %/year
Energy independence: 100%

Data of the last year available: 2020
Total consumption/GDP:* 128 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 3.70 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 54.3%

* at purchasing power parity

View all macro and energy indicators in the Iraq energy report

Iraq Related News

View all news, archive your new and create your own daily newsletters only on your topics/countries of interest with Key Energy Intelligence

Iraq Related Research

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

A data overview is available in the global energy statistics app

Total Energy Consumption

Total energy consumption per capita amounted to 1.5 toe/capita in 2020. Electricity consumption per capita was 1 110 kWh in 2020. It remains much lower than in neighbouring countries (1 760 kWh per capita in Jordan in 2019 and 3 045 kWh in Turkey in 2020).

Total energy consumption decreased by 8% in 2020, reaching 63 Mtoe. Before 2020, it had been increasing rapidly since 2015 (+8%/year).

Oil accounts for most of the country's total energy consumption, with 69% in 2020; the remainder is supplied by gas (29%) and hydropower (2%).

Interactive Chart Iraq Total Energy Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed fondamentals of the market at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Iraq energy report

Crude Oil Production

Oil production dropped by 12% in 2020, reaching 206 Mt due to the COVID-19 pandemic. It had been previously increasing rapidly since 2010 (+8%/year) with a major increase in 2016 (+28%). This rise was mainly due to an increased output at fields in southern Iraq and in the Iraqi Kurdistan Region, which more than offset disrupted volumes in the north.

The share of Iraq in OPEC's oil production has decreased, from 16% in 2019 to 13% in 2020 (vs.).

In 2020, 82% of the production (169 Mt) was exported.

Interactive Chart Iraq Crude Oil Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Renewable in % Electricity Production

In February 2021, the Iraqi Oil Ministry announced in a statement the objective to reach 2.24 GW of renewables (mainly solar) in 2025, and 10 GW (20% of the country's capacity) in 2030.

Interactive Chart Iraq Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

The country submitted its Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) for the COP21 in 2015. Iraq's INDC includes both conditional and non-conditional targets to reduce GHG emissions by up to 14% below its business-as-usual (BAU) in 2035. The emissions reductions targeted over 2020-2035 should reach about 90 MtCO2eq. Iraq has no NDC as it signed the Paris Agreement but never ratified the agreement.

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