Iraq Energy Information
Iraq Key Figures
GDP growth rate: -12 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 3.70 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 54.3%
* at purchasing power parity
View all macro and energy indicators in the Iraq energy report
Iraq Related News
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Iraq Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Total energy consumption per capita amounted to 1.5 toe/capita in 2020. Electricity consumption per capita was 1 110 kWh in 2020. It remains much lower than in neighbouring countries (1 760 kWh per capita in Jordan in 2019 and 3 045 kWh in Turkey in 2020).
Total energy consumption decreased by 8% in 2020, reaching 63 Mtoe. Before 2020, it had been increasing rapidly since 2015 (+8%/year).
Oil accounts for most of the country's total energy consumption, with 69% in 2020; the remainder is supplied by gas (29%) and hydropower (2%).
Interactive Chart Iraq Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Oil production dropped by 12% in 2020, reaching 206 Mt due to the COVID-19 pandemic. It had previously been increasing rapidly since 2010 (+8%/year), with a major boost in 2016 (+28%). This was mainly due to increased output at fields in southern Iraq and in the Iraqi Kurdistan Region, which more than offset disrupted volumes in the north.
The share of Iraq in OPEC's oil production has decreased from 16% in 2019 to 13% in 2020.
In 2020, 82% of the production (169 Mt) was exported.
Interactive Chart Iraq Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
In February 2021, the Iraqi Oil Ministry announced the objective of reaching 2.24 GW of renewables (mainly solar) in 2025 and 10 GW (20% of the country's capacity) in 2030.
Interactive Chart Iraq Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
The country submitted its Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) for the COP21 in 2015. Iraq's INDC includes both conditional and non-conditional targets to reduce GHG emissions by up to 14% below its business-as-usual (BAU) in 2035. The emissions reductions targeted over 2020-2035 should reach about 90 MtCO2eq. Iraq has no NDC, as it signed, but never ratified, the Paris Agreement.
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