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- GENERAL OVERVIEW
- INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY POLICY
- ENERGY COMPANIES
- ENERGY SUPPLY
- ENERGY PRICES
- ENERGY CONSUMPTION
- ISSUES AND PROSPECTS
- DATA TABLES
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Iraq energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.
- Iraq plans to reach a share of renewables of 33% in the power capacity mix in 2030.
- The largest international oil company is BP, followed by ENI.
- INOC, Iraqi National Oil Company, was created in 2021 to control the 7 state-owned upstream companies.
- After a sharp decrease in 2020, oil production rebounded in 2022, nearly back to its pre-pandemic level. The country is planning to boost its crude oil export capacity from the southern ports in 2023.
- Gas represents 54% of the power mix.
- Motor fuel prices have surged by 50%/year since 2020.
- Diesel is 80% cheaper than gasoline.
- Electricity consumption per capita is much lower than in neighbouring countries at around 1 MWh.
- Oil is the country's main energy source, accounting for two thirds of total energy consumption.
- By 2027, the country plans to double its oil production to 8 mb/d and expand its export capacity by 50%.
- Saudi Arabia and Iraq will build a 1 GW transmission line by 2023-2024.
Institutions & Energy Policy
Iraq's economy is mainly based on the oil industry. The State controls the energy sector through two ministries.
The Ministry of Oil (MoO) supervises all the oil and gas activities and regulates the exploitation rights of the country's hydrocarbon reserves.
The electricity sector is entirely managed by the Ministry of Electricity through various regional companies. Over the few past years, however, private sector participation in power generation and transport has increased. Recently elected politicians reinforced the importance of privatising the power sector to fight supply outages.
Oil production rebounded by 9% in 2022 to 220 Mt, after remaining stable in 2021 and dropping by 14% in 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. It had previously been increasing rapidly since 2010 (+8%/year), with a major boost in 2016 (+27%).
In 2022, gasoline and diesel prices increased dramatically (around 50%/year since 2020), following the continuous rise of Brent prices. Diesel was 80% cheaper than gasoline in 2020; these prices had dropped by around 35%.
Graph: GASOLINE & DIESEL PRICES (US$/l)
Total energy consumption per capita amounted to 1.3 toe/capita in 2022. Electricity consumption per capita was 1 190 kWh in 2022. It remains much lower than in neighbouring countries (1 900 kWh in Jordan and 3 300 kWh in Turkey).
Issues & Prospects
In 2013, Iraq published its Integrated National Energy Strategy (INES) until 2030, which could represent US$620 bn in investments in the energy sector. Beside infrastructure development, the strategy noted the need for institutional reforms to foster private participation in the energy sector.
- GRAPH 1: CO2-energy Emissions (MtCO2)
- GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2022, %)
- GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
- GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2022, %)
- GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
- GRAPH 6: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
- GRAPH 7: Total consumption market share by energy (2022, %)
- GRAPH 8: Final consumption market share by sector (2022, %)
- Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
- Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
- Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
- Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
- Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.
The Iraq energy market data since 1990 and up to
is included in the Excel file accompanying the Iraq country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.
Key Data included in the excelsheet:
- Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
- Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
- Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
- Energy Balance: total and per energy.
- Iraq Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Iraq energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).