Indonesia Energy Information
2019 Indonesia Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 5.03 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
* at purchasing power parity
CO2 Emissions: 2.13 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 9.55%
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Total Energy Consumption
Consumption per capita is 1 toe, while electricity consumption per capita is 890 kWh (2019).
Total energy consumption has increased by 3%/year since 2010. Oil is the country's dominant source of energy, providing 29% of the total (2019), but its market share is decreasing (35% in 2012). Biomass and coal come second with 23% each, while gas accounts for 15% and geothermal and hydro for 10% (2019). The share of coal is increasing (13.5% in 2012), largely at the expense of oil.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Indonesia Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
After decreasing by 44% between 2000 and 2015 from 70 Mt to 40 Mt, oil production has remained relatively stable since 2015 (39 Mt in 2019). The decline in oil production is due to the depletion of the main fields and the lack of investments. Indonesia became a net importer of crude oil in 2006. Net imports reached 39 Mt in 2019 (of which 14 Mt for crude oil).
Interactive Chart Indonesia Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil product consumption has rebounded since 2015, catching up with its growth between 2009 and 2012; it reached 80 Mt in 2019.
Transport absorbs 63% of that consumption; the remainder goes to the hydrocarbon sector, the residential, services and agriculture sector (13%), industry (15%), electricity production (6%), and other uses (3%).
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Indonesia Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Natural gas consumption has remained roughly stable since 2010 (40 bcm in 2019).
The hydrocarbons sector, in particular the oil and gas extraction and the liquefaction plants, absorbs a large fraction of the consumption (18%); the weight of industry is 48%, while power plants account for 34%.
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Indonesia Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Consumption of coal and lignite is rising very rapidly (+11%/year since 2010). It reached 133 Mt in 2019 (of which 95% was lignite).
The electricity sector accounts for around 73% of coal and lignite consumption and the remainder goes to industry.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Indonesia Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption is increasing very rapidly (+5.5%/year since 2010) and reached 240 TWh in 2019.
The industry sector accounted for 33% of the consumption in 2019, households for 41% and services for 25%. The weight of industry is decreasing (35% in 2010), while the share of households is progressing (39% in 2010).
Almost all households are electrified (99% in 2019, up from 28% in 1990 and 86% in 2000).
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
EBTKE, the Directorate General (DG) for New Energy, Renewable and Energy Conservation, focuses on renewables in power generation, whereas the DG of Electricity sets the FiT and the ceiling price for power from renewable sources.
Interactive Chart Indonesia Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In its NDC, Indonesia has committed to reducing GHG emissions by 29% by 2030 (conditional target of 41% if global agreements are reached such as bilateral co-operations, technology development and transfer, financial help, etc.).
The Climate Change National Coordination Team (CCNCT) was established under BAPPENAS. CCNCT's responsibilities include developing and implementing national and provincial action plans, coordination of NAMAs, and MRV systems.
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