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Indonesia energy report

Indonesia energy report
4 files (PDF report, 3 Excel files)
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Indonesia energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.


  • The country targets a 23% share of renewables in the total primary energy supply in 2025 and a 44% share in the power mix in 2030.
  • PLN represents 92% of the electricity supply.
  • IOCs provide most of the oil and gas production.
  • The coal sector is fragmented with mostly private players.
  • Coal dominates the power mix (63% in 2022) with a fast-growing market share (+ 22 pp since 2010).
  • Gas exports have been divided by 2 since 2010.
  • Several measures have been taken to decrease the burden of energy price subsidies on the economy. However, electricity subsidies have been raised again since 2022.
  • Energy consumption increased by around 16% in 2022.
  • The share of coal in the energy mix has increased by 22 pp since 2013 to 37%.
  • According to the National Energy Outlook, energy demand is expected to increase by 5% per year by 2050.
  • Indonesia received over US$20bn to shut its coal fired plants.
coal exporter
annual increase in power consumption since 2012
decrease in natural gas exports since 2012
  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (ESDM or MEMR) is in charge of developing national resources and regulating state monopolies.

  • Energy Supply


    Oil production declined by 18% between 2019 and 2022, and reached 30.7 Mt in 2022. It increased by 3% in 2023. It had decreased by 44% between 2000 and 2015 from a peak of 70 Mt and rebounded by 5% in 2016. This decline is due to the depletion of the main fields and the lack of investments.

  • Energy Prices


    Since 2005, the price of oil products is fixed by the Ministry of Energy and the Ministry of Finance according to the market price ("MOPS" +5%, Mid Oil Platts Singapore) and a variable subsidy rate. In 2015, the Government announced a cap on subsidies for premium gasoline and diesel.

  • Energy Consumption

    Total consumption per capita is 0.93 toe, while electricity consumption per capita increased by nearly 13% in 2023, reaching 1.3 MWh.

    Total energy consumption surged in 2022 (+16% vs 2021), after a decline of around 5% in 2020 and 2021. It increased by 3.4%/year from 2013 to 2019.

  • Issues & Prospects

    The KEN, through the National Energy Council projects the following energy mix in the BAU scenario: renewables 21% in 2025 and 29% in 2050, oil 21% and 16%, gas 24% and 23%, coal 34% and 32%. The final energy consumption would reach 549 Mtoe in 2050.

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 12: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 14: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 15: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 16: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

The Indonesia energy market data since 1990 and up to is included in the Excel file accompanying the Indonesia country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Indonesia Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Indonesia energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Indonesia country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
  • Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
  • CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
  • Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
  • Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.