Indonesia energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Indonesia energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2020 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Indonesia energy report
June 2021
4 files (PDF report, 3 Excel files)
42 (Report only)

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  • The country targets a share of renewables of 23% in the total primary energy supply in 2025 and of 28% in the power capacity in 2038.
  • PLN dominates the electricity supply.
  • IOCs provide most of the oil and gas production.
  • A number of private players are active in the coal sector, which is fragmented.
  • Coal dominates the power mix (62% in 2020) with a fast-growing market share (+ 22 points since 2010).
  • Gas exports have halved since 2010.
  • Several measures have been taken to decrease the burden of energy price subsidies on the economy.
  • Energy consumption has increased by 3%/year on average from 2013 to 2019, and declined by around 5% in 2020.
  • The share of coal in the energy mix has increased by 10 points since 2012 to 28%.
  • According to the National Energy Outlook, energy demand is expected to increase by 5% per year by 2050.
  • Indonesia will become a net importer of gas in the next decade.


coal exporter in 2020


annual increase in power production over 2010-2019


decrease in natural gas exports since 2010


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (ESDM or MEMR) is in charge of developing national resources and regulating state monopolies.

  • Energy Companies


    Pertamina produced around 487 Mboe per day in 2019, -7% compared with 2018 and representing 40% of the country's production.

  • Energy Supply


    The country's proven gas reserves are 2 605 bcm (end of 2019). Proven oil reserves are estimated at 427 Mt. The country also has large recoverable coal reserves of 26 Gt, mainly located in Kalimantan and in the south of Sumatra.

    Indonesia's potential geothermal reserves are estimated at around 17 GW.

  • Energy Prices


    In 2014, the government began reducing electricity subsidies. They were subsequently reduced by almost a factor of 2 between 2014 and 2019 (IDR 58 trillion or US$4.1bn in 2019, compared with IDR 102 trillion orUS$7.1bn in 2014).

  • Energy Consumption

    Total consumption per capita is 0.8 toe, while electricity consumption per capita is 970 kWh (2020).

    Total energy consumption increased by 3.1%/year from 2013 to 2019, and declined by around 5% in 2020.

  • Issues & Prospects

    The Energy Outlook 2019 by the National Energy Council projects the energy mix to 2050 as follows in the BAU scenario: oil 27%, gas 15%, coal 14%, primary electricity 34%, and other renewables 10%. The final energy consumption would reach 549 Mtoe in 2050.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Indonesia energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 12: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 14: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 15: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 16: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %)

List of Tables

In the Indonesia energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Indonesia energy market data since 1990 and up to 2020 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Indonesia country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Indonesia Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Indonesia energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Indonesia country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


Projections Data (Excel Sheet)

The Indonesia country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
  • Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
  • CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
  • Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
  • Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.

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