Czechia Energy Information
Czechia Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 3.20 %/year
Energy independence: 56.5%
Data of the last year available: 2021
CO2 Emissions: 8.66 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 5.64%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy Consumption
Energy consumption per capita is 32% higher than the EU average (3.9 toe in 2020), whereas electricity consumption per capita is 3.4% higher than the EU average, at around 5 700 kWh/capita in 2020.
Total energy consumption declined by an average of 1.1%/year between 2006 and 2016 to 41 Moe and remained roughly stable until 2019. In 2021, energy consumption increased by 4% to 3.9 Moe after a 6% drop in 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Interactive Chart Czechia Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Czechia is dependent on Russia for its oil supply, which is imported through the Druzhba pipeline ("Friendship" pipeline); deliveries were suspended in spring 2019 over oil contamination, affecting crude oil supply (resumption of oil deliveries in July 2019). In 2021, the country imported 6.8 Mt of crude oil (+11% on 2020); 50% of crude oil imports came from Russia, 18% from Kazakhstan, and 16% from Azerbaijan (2021). Since 1996, oil is also supplied from Germany through another oil pipeline (IKL) connected to the transalpine pipe (TAL) in Ingolstadt.
Interactive Chart Czechia Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil product consumption, which had been declining by 2.6%/year between 2008 and 2016, recovered in 2017 (+18%) and stabilised at around 9.3 Mt until 2019. After the important drop of 2020 (-10%) due to transport restrictions, oil product consumption rose by 10% back to its 2019 level.
Around 2/3 of oil is consumed by transport (65% in 2021). The share of transport has surged since 2000 (49%), as the number of cars rose by more than 50%. Industry accounted for 27% of oil consumption in 2021 (mainly non-energy uses).
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Interactive Chart Czechia Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Natural gas consumption has been increasing by 1%/year since 2016, to 9.5 bcm in 2021 (+7% on 2020). Even in 2020, gas consumption kept rising due to strong demand from the power sector (+22% in 2019 and +29% in 2020).
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Interactive Chart Czechia Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
The consumption of coal and lignite, which had already been declining by 1.7%/year between 2000 and 2018, fell by 23% between 2018 and 2020, but increased slightly in 2021 (+1.7%), reaching 36 Mt. Lignite accounts for 84% of solid fuel consumption.
Graph: COAL AND LIGNITE CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Most of the coal and lignite is consumed by the power sector (80% in 2020).
Graph: COAL AND LIGNITE CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)
Interactive Chart Czechia Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
The country's electricity consumption, which had grown by 2.4%/year between 2014 and 2017 before stabilising at around 60 TWh in 2019, dropped by 2.7% in 2020 as a result of the pandemic. In 2021, electricity consumption reached its highest level ever at 61 TWh, as residential electricity kept rising (+10% on 2019) and other sectors came back to their pre-pandemic levels.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The NECP (2019) aims to raise the share of renewables in final energy consumption to 22% in 2030, including 30.7% in heating and cooling, 16.9% in electricity, and 14% in transport. The target set for 2020 in the National Renewable Energy Action Plan of 13.5% of renewables in final energy consumption in 2020 has been exceeded (17.3% reached in 2020, of which, 14.8% for electricity, 23.5% for heating and cooling, and 9.4% for transport).
Interactive Chart Czechia Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
GHG emissions were 38% below their 1990 level in 2021, at 93 Mt (-5% compared to 2019).
The NECP (2019) aims to cut GHG emissions by 34% by 2030 compared to 2005 levels, lowering emissions to 99 MtCO2eq. This is less ambitious than the EU NDC target updated in December 2020 (-55% in 2030 compared to 1990, i.e. 68 MtCO2eq in 2030).
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