Czechia Energy Information
2019 Czechia Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 2.57 %/year
Energy independence: 62.0%
* at purchasing power parity
CO2 Emissions: 9.37 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 6.57%
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Total Energy Consumption
Energy consumption per capita is 33% higher than the EU average (4.1 toe in 2019), whereas electricity consumption per capita is in line with the EU average, at around 5 600 kWh/capita in 2019.
Total energy consumption declined by an average of 1.1%/year between 2006 and 2016 to 41 Moe. After a 2.4%/year hike over 2016-2018, it decreased slightly in 2019 to 43 Mtoe (-0.7%).
Interactive Chart Czechia Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
The Czech Republic is dependent on Russia for its oil supply, which is imported through the Druzhba pipeline ("Friendship" pipeline); deliveries were suspended in spring 2019 over oil contamination, affecting crude oil supply (resumption of oil deliveries in July 2019). In 2018, the country imported 7.7 Mt of crude oil (+3.8% on 2018); nearly half of crude oil imports came from Russia (49%) and 28% from Azerbaijan (2019). Since 1996, oil is also supplied from Germany through another oil pipeline (IKL) connected to the transalpine pipe (TAL) in Ingolstadt.
Interactive Chart Czechia Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil product consumption, which had been declining by 2.6%/year between 2008 and 2016, grew by 18% in 2017 to 9.1 Mt and has increased at a slower pace since then. In 2019, it rose by 0.8% to 9.4 Mt.
More than 60% of oil is consumed by transport (64% in 2019); the share of transport has surged since 2000 (49%), as the number of cars rose by more than 50%. Industry accounted for 29% of oil consumption in 2019 (mainly non-energy uses).
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Interactive Chart Czechia Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Natural gas consumption has been increasing by 2.9%/year since 2014, to 8.7 bcm in 2019. In 2019, gas consumption grew by 4.3% due to strong demand from the power sector (+47%). It had been following a downward trend between 2001 and 2014 (-2.1%/year).
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Interactive Chart Czechia Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
The consumption of coal and lignite has been declining by 1.9%/year since 2000 (by 0.7%/year between 2000 and 2007 and by 2.6%/year since 2007), reaching 43 Mt in 2018 (-6.3% in 2019). Lignite accounts for 85% of solid fuel consumption.
Graph: COAL AND LIGNITE CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Most of the coal and lignite is consumed by the power sector (79% in 2019).
Graph: COAL AND LIGNITE CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Czechia Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
The country's electricity consumption, which had risen rapidly between 2000 and 2008 (+1.8%/year on average), eroded until 2014 (-1.5%/year) before recovering until 2017 (+2%/year) to 59 TWh. It has remained stable since then.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Industry absorbed 40% of total electricity consumption in 2019, followed by the services and residential sectors (27% and 25%, respectively).
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The National Renewable Energy Action Plan aimed to reach 13.5% of renewables in final energy consumption in 2020 (10.8% in transport), but this target should be easily exceeded, since renewables already accounted for 15% in 2018 (13.7% for electricity, 20.6% for heating and cooling, and 6.5% for transport). The NECP (2019) aims to raise this share to 22% in 2030, including 14% in transport.
Interactive Chart Czechia Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
GHG emissions were 35% below their 1990 level in 2018, at 129 Mt.
The NECP (2019) aims to cut GHG emissions by 34% by 2030 compared to 2005 levels, lowering emissions to 99 MtCO2eq. This is higher than what was included in its NDC (-40% in 2030 compared to 1990, i.e. 120 MtCO2eq in 2030).
Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)
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