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Czechia Energy Information

Czechia Key Figures

Population: 10.7 million
GDP growth rate: -5.7 %/year
Energy independence: 59.3%

Data of the last year available: 2020
Total consumption/GDP:* 66.6 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 7.99 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 6.52%

* at purchasing power parity

View all macro and energy indicators in the Czechia energy report

Czechia Related News

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Czechia Related Research

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

A data overview is available in the global energy statistics app

Total Energy Consumption

Energy consumption per capita is 31% higher than the EU average (3.7 toe in 2020), whereas electricity consumption per capita is 2.5% higher than the EU average, at around 5 400 kWh/capita in 2020.

Total energy consumption declined by an average of 1.1%/year between 2006 and 2016 to 41 Moe. After a recovery to around 43 Mtoe over 2017-2019, it decreased by 8% to 39 Mtoe in 2020.

Interactive Chart Czechia Total Energy Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed fondamentals of the market at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Czechia energy report

Crude Oil Production

Czechia is dependent on Russia for its oil supply, which is imported through the Druzhba pipeline ("Friendship" pipeline); deliveries were suspended in spring 2019 over oil contamination, affecting crude oil supply (resumption of oil deliveries in July 2019). In 2020, the country imported 6.1 Mt of crude oil (-20% on 2019 over pandemic-related transport restrictions); nearly half of crude oil imports came from Russia (49%) and 23% from Azerbaijan (2020).

Interactive Chart Czechia Crude Oil Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Oil Products Consumption

Oil product consumption, which had been declining by 2.6%/year between 2008 and 2016, recovered in 2017 (+18%) and stabilised at around 9.2 Mt until 2019. In 2020, it fell by 11% to 8.2 Mt, due to transport restrictions (especially over March-May) and to the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Czech economy.

Interactive Chart Czechia Refined Oil Products Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Natural Gas Consumption

Natural gas consumption has been increasing by 2.7%/year since 2014, to 8.8 bcm in 2020 (+1.6% in 2020 alone). In 2019 and even in 2020, gas consumption rose due to strong demand from the power sector (+22% in 2019 and +29% in 2020) and despite the pandemic and higher temperatures.

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Interactive Chart Czechia Natural Gas Domestic Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on the LNG trade, you can request a sample of our EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

Coal Consumption

The consumption of coal and lignite, which had already been declining by 1.7%/year between 2000 and 2018, fell by 9.1% in 2019 and by 20% in 2020, reaching 33 Mt, in a context of lower electricity demand, rising carbon prices, and higher gas-fired power generation. Lignite accounts for 85% of solid fuel consumption.

Graph: COAL AND LIGNITE CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Most of the coal and lignite is consumed by the power sector (80% in 2020).

Interactive Chart Czechia Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed consumption trends at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Czechia energy report

Power Consumption

The country's electricity consumption, which had grown by 2.4%/year between 2014 and 2017 before stabilising at around 60 TWh until 2019, declined by 3.4% in 2020 to 58 TWh as a result of the impact of the pandemic on the economy (5% drop in industrial electricity consumption, with 7.6% decrease for intensive users according to preliminary statistics). Due to lockdown measures, residential electricity consumption increased slightly in 2020.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Renewable in % Electricity Production

The NECP (2019) aims to raise the share of renewables in final energy consumption to 22% in 2030, including 30.7% in heating and cooling, 16.9% in electricity, and 14% in transport. The target set for 2020 in the National Renewable Energy Action Plan of 13.5% of renewables in final energy consumption in 2020 has been easily exceeded (16% reached in 2019, of which, 14% for electricity, 23% for heating and cooling, and 7.8% for transport).

Interactive Chart Czechia Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Learn more about renewables in the European Renewable Energy Report

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

GHG emissions were 38% below their 1990 level in 2019, at 120 Mt (-11% compared to 2018).

The NECP (2019) aims to cut GHG emissions by 34% by 2030 compared to 2005 levels, lowering emissions to 99 MtCO2eq. This is higher than the NDC target (-40% in 2030 compared to 1990, i.e. 120 MtCO2eq in 2030).

Energy-related CO2 emissions, which declined by 13% between 2008 and 2013, have averaged 100 MtCO2 since then. In 2020, they contracted by around 13%.

Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)

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