Czechia energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Czechia energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2020 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Czechia energy report
May 2021
4 files (PDF report, 3 Excel files)
41 (Report only)

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  • Czechia aims to improve its energy supply security through nuclear power generation.
  • ČEZ dominates the electricity market, while Innogy dominates the gas market.
  • Orlen Unipetrol controls the refining sector.
  • The coal sector is being restructured to reduce production costs.
  • Coal and lignite accounted for 37% of the power mix in 2020, on par with nuclear.
  • Most of the oil and gas supplies come from Russia.
  • Energy prices are lower than the EU average.
  • Lignite and coal cover around 1/3 of the energy mix.
  • Energy consumption has followed a downward trend since 2008.
  • The country plans to halve the share of coal and lignite in the energy mix in 20 years, to the advantage of nuclear (up to 4 new nuclear reactors).
  • The country is strengthening its gas interconnections, even though two projects were downsized in 2020.


of nuclear in the power mix in 2040


of coal and lignite in the power mix (2020)


in greenhouse gas emissions from 1990 to 2019


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Government Council for the Energy and Raw Materials Strategy of the Ministry of Industry and Trade is in charge of the country's energy policy.

  • Energy Companies


    Orlen Unipetrol (PKN Orlen 100%) refines and distributes oil through two subsidiaries, Česka Rafinerska and Benzina, which merged in 2017. In 2004, PKN Orlen (Poland) purchased the 63% stake held by the Government and acquired the remainder in 2018.

  • Energy Supply


    Natural gas production is low (less than 200 mcm in 2020). Gas imports, which grew by 2.6%/year between 1994 and 2006, eroded until 2014 (-3.7%/year, on average). Gas imports recovered between 2014 and 2019, reaching 9.5 bcm in 2019, but fell by 20% in 2020 to 7.6 bcm.

  • Energy Prices


    Electricity prices soared between 2000 and 2013 for both industrial customers (+7%/year) and households (+8%/year), before falling in 2014 (-17% on average). Industrial tariffs continued to decline until 2017 (-5.3%/year) and then rose by 7.5%/year until 2020 (+5.1% in 2020 alone), whereas residential tariffs have increased by 4.6%/year since 2014 (+3.8% in 2020 alone).

  • Energy Consumption

    Energy consumption per capita is 31% higher than the EU average (3.7 toe in 2020), whereas electricity consumption per capita is 2.5% higher than the EU average, at around 5 400 kWh/capita in 2020.

    Total energy consumption declined by an average of 1.1%/year between 2006 and 2016 to 41 Moe. After a recovery to around 43 Mtoe over 2017-2019, it decreased by 8% to 39 Mtoe in 2020.

  • Issues & Prospects

    According to the State Energy Policy (2015), the share of coal and lignite in primary energy consumption should drop from 40% in 2016 to 11-17% in 2040 and that of oil from 20% to 14-17%. The share of nuclear should surge from 15% to 25-33%, as should that of renewables (from 10% to 17-22%), while the share of gas should continue to progress (from 16% to 18-25%).

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Czechia energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (€/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (€c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (€c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal and lignite consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 18: Coal and lignite consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %)

List of Tables

In the Czechia energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Czechia energy market data since 1990 and up to 2020 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Czechia country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Czechia Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Czechia energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Czechia country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


Projections Data (Excel Sheet)

The Czechia country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
  • Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
  • CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
  • Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
  • Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.

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