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Czechia energy report

Czechia energy report
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Czechia energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.


  • Czechia aims to raise the share of renewables in final energy consumption to 22% in 2030.
  • The country will phase out coal by 2033.
  • ČEZ dominates the electricity market, while RWE dominates the gas market.
  • Orlen Unipetrol controls the refining sector.
  • The coal sector is being restructured to reduce production costs.
  • Coal and lignite accounted for 44% of the power mix in 2022 against 20% for nuclear.
  • Most of the oil and gas supplies come from Russia.
  • Gas and electricity prices skyrocketed in 2022.
  • Energy prices are lower than the EU average.
  • Lignite and coal cover around 1/3 of the energy mix.
  • Energy consumption has followed a downward trend since 2010.
  • The country plans to halve the share of coal and lignite in the energy mix in 20 years, to the advantage of nuclear (up to 4 new nuclear reactors), solar, and wind.
  • The country is strengthening its gas interconnections.
  • Net4Gas is involved in the "Central European Hydrogen Corridor" project with Germany, Slovakia, and Ukraine.
of nuclear in the power mix in 2040
of coal and lignite in the power mix (2022
in greenhouse gas emissions from 1990 to 2022
  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Government Council for the Energy and Raw Materials Strategy of the Ministry of Industry and Trade is in charge of the country's energy policy.

  • Energy Companies


    RWE is the leading gas company, active throughout the whole value chain, from import to storage, distribution, and supply. In 2016, its infrastructure, retail and renewables activities were renamed Innogy (76% RWE); in 2019, Innogy sold its Czech gas business to RWE.

  • Energy Supply


    Czechia has important coal and lignite resources (3.5 Gt in 2022), mainly located in the northern part of the Boheme. Gas and oil reserves are limited (3.3 bcm and 1 Mt in 2022). The hydroelectricity potential is about 13 TWh.

  • Energy Prices


    The government has approved a price cap for electricity and gas amid soaring energy prices. Households and businesses will pay a maximum of CZK6/kWh (€25c/kWh) for electricity and a maximum of CZK3/kWh (€12c/kWh) of gas in 2023.

  • Energy Consumption

    Energy consumption per capita is 38% higher than the EU average (4.1 toe in 2022), whereas electricity consumption per capita is 1% higher than the EU average, at around 5 600 kWh/capita in 2022.

  • Issues & Prospects

    According to the State Energy Policy (2015), the share of coal and lignite in primary energy consumption should drop from 40% in 2016 to 11-17% in 2040 and that of oil from 20% to 14-17%. The share of nuclear should surge from 15% to 25-33%, as should that of renewables (from 10% to 17-22%), while the share of gas should continue to progress (from 16% to 18-25%).

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (€/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (€c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (€c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal and lignite consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 18: Coal and lignite consumption breakdown by sector (2022, %)
  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

The Czechia energy market data since 1990 and up to is included in the Excel file accompanying the Czechia country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Czechia Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Czechia energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Czechia country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
  • Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
  • CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
  • Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
  • Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.