Canada Energy Information
Canada Key Figures
GDP growth rate: -5.4 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 13.6 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 5.89%
* at purchasing power parity
View all macro and energy indicators in the Canada energy report
Canada Related News
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Canada Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
At 7.4 toe, Canada's per capita energy consumption is among the highest in the world and almost triple the average EU level. Electricity consumption per capita is around 14 600 kWh.
Total energy consumption increased slightly between 2010 and 2019 (1.3%/year on average at normal climate until 2019). It dropped by 7% in 2020 with the covid-19 pandemic to281 Mtoe.
Together, oil and gas represent more than two thirds of total energy consumption (gas 37%, oil 34% in 2020), followed by primary electricity (20%), coal (5%), and biomass (4%).
Interactive Chart Canada Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Oil production (crude, NGL, and non-conventional oil) increased by 55% between 2010 and 2019 (4.6%/year) and has more than doubled since 2000. However, it dropped by 4.5% in 2020 to 255 Mt, due the reduction in oil demand caused by the pandemic. Production has been increasing, following the development of non-conventional oil (oil sands), which accounted for 63% of the country's oil production in 2019.
Net oil exports have more than doubled since 2010, reaching 153 Mt in 2020. All crude oil exports are intended for the United States.
Interactive Chart Canada Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
The consumption of oil products decreased drastically to 94 Mt in 2020 (-16%) compared to 2019, achieving a level comparable to the one in 2003.
The transport sector is the biggest consumer of oil products (53% in 2020), followed by industry with 21% (including non-energy uses).
Graph: : OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: : PETROLEUM PRODUCTS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Canada Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
The consumption of natural gas has grown very rapidly since 2016 (6.3%/year) after a slower progression between 2010 and 2016 (1.2%/year). It resulted in117 bcm in 2020.
The oil and gas sector, in particular the exploitation of oil sands, is the largest consumer of natural gas with 40%. It is followed by buildings (27%), industry (18%), and power plants (15%).
Graph: : NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Graph: : GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Canada Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal and lignite consumption have been decreasing since 2008 by 6%/year, reaching 28 Mt in 2020. The power sector represents 83% of consumption.
Graph: : COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: : COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Canada Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption increased by about 1%/year between 2015 and 2019. It dropped by 3% in 2020 to556 TWh because of the covid-19 pandemic.
Industry is the largest electricity consumer, followed by the residential and services sectors.
Graph: : ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Graph: : ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
Ontario is committed to increasing the capacity of renewables to 20 GW by 2025. A bill on renewables (Green Energy and Green Economy Act) introduced feed-in tariffs (FiTs) in 2009. In 2016, the government launched its 2nd Large Renewable Procurement (LRP II), expecting to save C$3.3bn by replacing the FiTs scheme with a competitive process for 930 MW in total (600 MW wind, 330 MW solar, small hydro and bioenergy). However, half of the contracts, corresponding to 440 MW, were cancelled in 2018.
Interactive Chart Canada Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
GHG emissions reached 729 MtCO2eq (excluding LULUCF) in 2018 according to the national inventory. This is 2% below 2005 levels. Since 2013, emissions are relatively stable (around 700-730 MtCO2eq).
The country submitted its NDC (Nationally Determined Contribution) in 2015 and updated it in 2017, announcing a GHG reduction target of 30% in 2030 compared to 2005 levels. The fastest growing source of emissions in Canada is the exploitation of oil sands.
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