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Canada Energy Information

Canada Key Figures

Population: 38.0 million
GDP growth rate: -5.4 %/year
Energy independence: 100%

Data of the last year available: 2020
Total consumption/GDP:* 82.0 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 13.8 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 5.83%

* at purchasing power parity

View all macro and energy indicators in the Canada energy report

Canada Related News

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Canada Related Research

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

A data overview is available in the global energy statistics app

Total Energy Consumption

At 7.6 toe, Canada's per capita energy consumption is among the highest in the world and almost triple the average EU level. Electricity consumption per capita is around 14 700 kWh.

Total energy consumption increased slightly between 2010 and 2019 (1.3%/year on average at normal climate until 2019). It dropped by 6.2% in 2020 with the covid-19 pandemic to 287 Mtoe.

Fossils (coal, oil, and gas) represent three quarters of total energy consumption (gas 39%, oil 33%, coal 4% in 2020), followed by primary electricity (20%) and biomass (5%).

Interactive Chart Canada Total Energy Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed fondamentals of the market at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Canada energy report

Crude Oil Production

Oil production (crude, NGL, and non-conventional oil) increased by 55% between 2010 and 2019 (4.6%/year) and has more than doubled since 2000. Production has been increasing, following the development of non-conventional oil, which accounted for 63% of the country's oil production in 2019 (3.0 mb/d out of a total of 4.7 mb/d). However, it dropped by 4.5% in 2020 to 255 Mt, due the reduction in oil demand caused by the pandemic.

Net oil exports have more than doubled since 2010, from 67 Mt to 161 Mt in 2020. All crude oil exports are intended for the United States.

Interactive Chart Canada Crude Oil Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our America Refineries Dataset

Oil Products Consumption

The consumption of oil products decreased drastically to 94 Mt in 2020 (-16%) compared to 2019, achieving a level comparable to the one in 2003. This is explained by a large reduction in transport needs in 2020 due to travel restrictions.

The transport sector is the biggest consumer of oil products (52% in 2020), followed by industry with 39% (including non-energy uses).

Graph: : OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: : PETROLEUM PRODUCTS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)

Interactive Chart Canada Refined Oil Products Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our America Refineries Dataset

Natural Gas Consumption

The consumption of natural gas has grown very rapidly since 2016 (6.3%/year) after a slower progression between 2010 and 2016 (1.2%/year). It decreased by 4.5% in 2020 to 127 bcm.

The oil and gas sector, in particular the exploitation of oil sands, is the largest consumer of natural gas with 41%. It is followed by buildings (27%), industry (17%), and power plants (15%).

Graph: : NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Graph: : GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)

Interactive Chart Canada Natural Gas Domestic Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on the LNG trade, you can request a sample of our America LNG Trade Dataset

Coal Consumption

Coal and lignite consumption have been decreasing since 2008 by 6%/year, reaching 28 Mt in 2020. The power sector represents 82% of consumption and the remaining 18% is dedicated to industrial purposes.

Graph: : COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: : COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)

Interactive Chart Canada Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed consumption trends at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Canada energy report

Power Consumption

Electricity consumption increased by about 1%/year between 2015 and 2019. It dropped by 3% in 2020 to 556 TWh because of the covid-19 pandemic.

Industry is the largest electricity consumer, followed by the residential and services sectors.

Graph: : ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Graph: : ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)

Renewable in % Electricity Production

Ontario is committed to increasing the capacity of renewables to 20 GW by 2025. A bill on renewables (Green Energy and Green Economy Act) introduced feed-in tariffs (FiTs) in 2009. In 2016, the government launched its 2nd Large Renewable Procurement (LRP II), expecting to save C$3.3bn by replacing the FiTs scheme with a competitive process for 930 MW in total (600 MW wind, 330 MW solar, small hydro and bioenergy). However, half of the contracts, corresponding to 440 MW, were cancelled in 2018.

Interactive Chart Canada Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

GHG emissions reached 730 MtCO2eq (excluding LULUCF) in 2019 according to the national inventory. This is an increase of 0.24% from 2018 and 2% below 2005 levels. Since 2013, emissions are relatively stable (around 705-730 MtCO2eq).

The country announced a new NDC for COP26 in April 2021, with an even more ambitious goal of reducing GHG emissions from 40 to 45% of 2005 levels by 2030. The government has not yet revealed the detailed plan to achieve this new target.

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