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Canada energy report

Canada energy report
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Canada energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.


  • The federal government set several reduction targets for GHG emissions: between 40 and 45% by 2030 for total emissions, net-zero electricity mix by 2035, and zero emissions in 2050.
  • Most power production comes from state-owned companies.
  • Gas production is dominated by 3 companies (Encana, CNR, and Repsol), while Enbridge is the largest distributor of gas.
  • Non-conventional oil provides around 60% of total oil production.
  • Canada is the fifth largest natural gas producer in the world.
  • CO2-free energy sources add up to 82% of the power mix, with a dominant share of hydro (59%).
  • Motor fuel prices increased in 2021. Energy prices are much lower than in Europe, but generally higher than in the US.
  • Total energy consumption rebounded by 2% in 2021. Three quarters of energy consumption still comes from fossil fuels.
  • Wind and solar will represent at least 23% of the power generation in 2050.
  • An LNG capacity of 56 bcm/year should be commissioned by 2025.


largest oil reserves in the world (mostly unconventional)


electricity exporter in the world


hydropower producer mix

  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    NRCan, Natural Resources Canada, is the ministry in charge of the development of federal energy policy.

  • Energy Supply


    Oil production (crude, NGL, and non-conventional oil) increased by 55% between 2010 and 2019 (4.6%/year) and has more than doubled since 2000. After a 4.5% drop in 2020, due the reduction in oil demand caused by the pandemic, it increased by 6% in 2021 to 270 Mt.

  • Energy Prices


    Electricity prices in Canada are about twice as low as in most large European countries: US$12.3c/kWh for the residential sector and US$9.1c/kWh for industry (2021). Compared to the USA, electricity prices are lower for households (US$13c/kWh for the USA) but higher for industry (US$7c/kWh for the USA).

  • Energy Consumption

    At 7.5 toe, Canada's per capita energy consumption is among the highest in the world and almost triple the average EU level. Electricity consumption per capita is around 14.8 MWh.

  • Issues & Prospects

    CER released the update of its long-term energy outlook for 2050, Canada's Energy Future Report 2021 (EF2021). CER sees Canadians reducing their overall energy consumption by 21% over the next 30 years (-1.2%/year). Specifically, the projection sees unabated fossil fuel use (i.e without carbon capture and sequestration) decline by 19% by 2030, 45% by 2040, and 62% by 2050.

  • GRAPH 1 : CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2) 12
  • GRAPH 2 : Installed electric capacity by source (2021, %) 19
  • GRAPH 3 : Gross power production by source (TWh) 20
  • GRAPH 4 : Power generation by source (2021, %) 20
  • GRAPH 5 : Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l) 23
  • GRAPH 6 : Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh) 24
  • GRAPH 7 Gas prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh GCV) 25
  • GRAPH 8 : Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe) 26
  • GRAPH 9 : Total consumption market share by energy (2021, %) 27
  • GRAPH 10 : Final consumption market share by sector (2021, %) 27
  • GRAPH 11 : Oil consumption (Mt) 28
  • GRAPH 12 : Petroleum products consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %) 28
  • GRAPH 13 : Electricity consumption (TWh) 29
  • GRAPH 14 : Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %) 29
  • GRAPH 15 : Natural gas consumption (bcm) 30
  • GRAPH 16 : Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %) 30
  • GRAPH 17 : Coal consumption (Mt) 31
  • GRAPH 18 : Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %) 31
  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

The Canada energy market data since 1990 and up to is included in the Excel file accompanying the Canada country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Canada Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Canada energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Canada country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.