Canada energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Canada energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2020 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Canada energy report
November 2021
4 files (PDF report, 3 Excel files)
47 (Report only)

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  • The federal government announced a new reduction target of GHG emissions between 40 and 45% by 2030 (from 2005 levels) and a zero net emission ambition in 2050.
  • Most power production comes from state-owned companies.
  • Gas production is dominated by 3 companies (Encana, CNR, and Repsol), while Enbridge is the largest distributor of gas.
  • Non-conventional oil provides around 60% of total oil production.
  • Canada is the fifth largest natural gas producer in the world.
  • CO2 free energy sources add up to 83% of the power mix, with a dominant share of hydro (60% in 2020).
  • Motor fuel prices have increased in 2021. Energy prices are much lower than in Europe, but generally higher than in the US.
  • Total energy consumption dropped drastically in 2020 due to the pandemic (-6%). Three quarters of energy consumption comes from fossil fuels.
  • Demand for coal will decrease drastically by 2030 with the coal power phase out. Wind and solar together will represent 23% of the power generation.


largest oil reserves in the world (mostly unconventional)


electricity exporter in the world


of proved gas reserves from shale gas


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) is the ministry in charge of the development of federal energy policy.

  • Energy Supply


    Canada is the fifth largest natural gas producer in the world (after the United States, Russia, Iran, and China); production increased by 1.3%/year on average between 2013 and 2019, but dropped by 2% in 2020, to 172 bcm. The production mainly comes from Alberta (70% of the total production).

  • Energy Prices


    The price of gas for the industrial sector is stable, reaching US$1.09c/kWh. However, the price for the residential sector (2020) dropped to US$2.01c/kWh. The price of natural gas is much lower than in the US (US$1.91c/kWh for households and US$3.3c/kWh for industry) and 3 to 4 times lower than in the EU.


  • Energy Consumption

    At 7.6 toe, Canada's per capita energy consumption is among the highest in the world and almost triple the average EU level. Electricity consumption per capita is around 14 700 kWh.

    Total energy consumption increased slightly between 2010 and 2019 (1.3%/year on average at normal climate until 2019). It dropped by 6.2% in 2020 with the covid-19 pandemic to 287 Mtoe.

  • Issues & Prospects

    CER released its long-term energy outlook for 2050, Canada's Energy Future Report 2020 (EF2020). Total primary energy demand drops progressively because of the reduction in the use of fossil fuels. Coal's share shrinks substantially, driven by the decline in coal-fired power generation. Electrification of transport and energy efficiency improvements contribute to the fall in oil demand.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Canada energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1 : CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2) 12
  • GRAPH 2 : Installed electric capacity by source (2020, %) 19
  • GRAPH 3 : Gross power production by source (TWh) 19
  • GRAPH 4 : Power generation by source (2020, %) 20
  • GRAPH 5 : Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l) 22
  • GRAPH 6 : Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh) 23
  • GRAPH 7 : Gas prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh GCV) 24
  • GRAPH 8 : Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe) 25
  • GRAPH 9 : Total consumption market share by energy (2020, %) 26
  • GRAPH 10 : Final consumption market share by sector (2020, %) 26
  • GRAPH 11 : Oil consumption (Mt) 27
  • GRAPH 12 : Petroleum products consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %) 27
  • GRAPH 13 : Electricity consumption (TWh) 28
  • GRAPH 14 : Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %) 28
  • GRAPH 15 : Natural gas consumption (bcm) 29
  • GRAPH 16 : Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %) 29
  • GRAPH 17 : Coal consumption (Mt) 30
  • GRAPH 18 : Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %) 30

List of Tables

In the Canada energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Canada energy market data since 1990 and up to 2020 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Canada country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Canada Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Canada energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Canada country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


Projections Data (Excel Sheet)

The Canada country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
  • Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
  • CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
  • Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
  • Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.

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