Canada energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Canada energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2021 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Canada energy report
November 2022
2 files (PDF report, Excel file)
49 (Report only)

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  • The federal government set several reduction targets for GHG emissions: between 40 and 45% by 2030 for total emissions, net-zero electricity mix by 2035, and zero emissions in 2050.
  • Most power production comes from state-owned companies.
  • Gas production is dominated by 3 companies (Encana, CNR, and Repsol), while Enbridge is the largest distributor of gas.
  • Non-conventional oil provides around 60% of total oil production.
  • Canada is the fifth largest natural gas producer in the world.
  • CO2 free energy sources add up to 82% of the power mix, with a dominant share of hydro (59%).
  • Motor fuel prices have increased in 2021. Energy prices are much lower than in Europe, but generally higher than in the US.
  • Total energy consumption rebounded by 2% in 2021. Three quarters of energy consumption still comes from fossil fuels.
  • Wind and solar will represent at least 23% of the power generation in 2050.
  • An LNG capacity of 56 bcm/year should be commissioned by 2025.


largest oil reserves in the world (mostly unconventional)


electricity exporter in the world


hydropower producer mix


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    NRCan, Natural Resources Canada is the ministry in charge of the development of federal energy policy.

  • Energy Supply


    Oil production (crude, NGL, and non-conventional oil) increased by 55% between 2010 and 2019 (4.6%/year) and has more than doubled since 2000. After a drop by 4.5% in 2020, due the reduction in oil demand caused by the pandemic, it increased by 6% in 2021 to 270 Mt.

  • Energy Prices


    In 2020, motor fuel prices continued the downward trend of 2019, and rebounded in 2021, reaching US$1.17/l for gasoline and US$0.95/l for diesel, following international trends. In addition to the GST and PST (if applicable), excise taxes on motor fuels are also charged by the federal government (diesel US$4c/l, gasoline US$10c/l) and provincial governments.

  • Energy Consumption

    At 7.5 toe, Canada's per capita energy consumption is among the highest in the world and almost triple the average EU level. Electricity consumption per capita is around 14.8 MWh.

  • Issues & Prospects

    CER released the update of its long-term energy outlook for 2050, Canada's Energy Future Report 2021 (EF2021). CER sees Canadians reducing their overall energy consumption by 21% over the next 30 years (-1.2%/year). Specifically, the projection sees unabated fossil fuel use (i.e without carbon capture and sequestration) decline by 19% by 2030, 45% by 2040, and 62% by 2050.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Canada energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1 : CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2) 12
  • GRAPH 2 : Installed electric capacity by source (2021, %) 19
  • GRAPH 3 : Gross power production by source (TWh) 20
  • GRAPH 4 : Power generation by source (2021, %) 20
  • GRAPH 5 : Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l) 23
  • GRAPH 6 : Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh) 24
  • GRAPH 7 Gas prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh GCV) 25
  • GRAPH 8 : Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe) 26
  • GRAPH 9 : Total consumption market share by energy (2021, %) 27
  • GRAPH 10 : Final consumption market share by sector (2021, %) 27
  • GRAPH 11 : Oil consumption (Mt) 28
  • GRAPH 12 : Petroleum products consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %) 28
  • GRAPH 13 : Electricity consumption (TWh) 29
  • GRAPH 14 : Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %) 29
  • GRAPH 15 : Natural gas consumption (bcm) 30
  • GRAPH 16 : Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %) 30
  • GRAPH 17 : Coal consumption (Mt) 31
  • GRAPH 18 : Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %) 31

List of Tables

In the Canada energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Canada energy market data since 1990 and up to 2021 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Canada country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Canada Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Canada energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Canada country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


Projections Data (Excel Sheet)

The Canada country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
  • Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
  • CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
  • Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
  • Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.

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