Cameroon Energy Information
Cameroon Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 0.49 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 0.19 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 22.6%
* at purchasing power parity
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Cameroon Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Total energy consumption per capita is 0.4 toe, of which 245 kWh is electricity (2020).
Total energy consumption has increased slightly, by 2%/year since 2016, to reach 10 Mtoe in 2020, after very rapid growth between 2013 and 2015 (+33%).
As in most Sub-Saharan African countries, biomass is the most widely used form of energy, with 71% of total consumption. Oil represents 18% of total consumption, natural gas 6%, and hydroelectricity 5%.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Cameroon Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Oil production remained stable in 2020 (3.7 Mt), after a 25% fall between 2016 and 2018. It had increased by 12%/year between 2011 and 2015 with the start of production of the Bojongo field and the growing production of the Inter-Inoua Barombi, Barombi Northeast and Padouk fields, operated by SNH. Oil production is still far below its 1984 peak level of 8.8 Mt.
Interactive Chart Cameroon Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The government would like to bring the share of renewables (large hydro excluded) to 25% of the electricity mix in 2030 (11% from small hydro, 7% from biomass, 6% from solar PV, and 1% from wind). Part of the increase in the electrification rate of households depends on the development of these decentralised energies.
Interactive Chart Cameroon Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
Cameroon set an updated NDC commitment in 2021 of a 35% reduction in GHG emissions (without LULUCF) by 2030 compared to 2010. Agriculture represents more than half of global emissions.
CO2 emissions from energy combustion were stable between 2014 and 2020 at around 6 MtCO2, after 8%/year growth between 2006 and 2014. Transport is responsible for half of these emissions (49%), followed by industry (2%) and the energy sector (14%). Per capita emissions are in line with most other Sub-Saharan Africa countries (outside South Africa): 0.2 tCO2/inhabitant in 2020.
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