Cameroon energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Cameroon energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2019 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Cameroon energy report
May 2021
3 files (PDF report, 2 Excel files)
28 (Report only)

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  • The country targets a share of 25% of renewables in the electricity mix in 2030 (excluding large hydro) and a 32% reduction in GHG emissions by 2035 (excluding LULUCF).
  • Eneo is the main power generator.
  • Perenco and Victoria Oil & Gas are the key players in the country's oil and gas sector.
  • Electricity generation has been growing very rapidly since 2012 (8%/year).
  • Around 90% of oil production is exported. A fire in the refinery in 2019 forced the country to import all its oil products.
  • The prices of oil products remain quite high after the Government cut some of its costly fuel subsidies, and are stable despite falling international prices.
  • Biomass covers around 2/3 of total energy consumption.
  • Cameroon plans to reach 3 GW of capacity by 2030 through the construction of several hydropower plants.
  • Investments are being made to renew, strengthen, and extend the transmission and distribution networks to meet electrification targets.


largest hydroelectric potential in Africa

X 2

power capacity by 2030

X 4

gas production between 2017 and 2019


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Water and Energy (MINEE) is in charge of the design and implementation of the national energy policy.

  • Energy Companies


    SNH (Société Nationale des Hydrocarbures) represents the State in the mixed oil companies: Sonara (Société Nationale de Raffinage) and SCDP (Société Camerounaise de Dépôts Pétroliers). It also directly operates the Mvia oil field since 2009. In 1999, SNH created a subsidiary company, Tradex, responsible for the export of crude oil and petroleum products.

  • Energy Supply


    Cameroon has significant gas reserves (148 bcm, end of 2020), but modest oil reserves (34 Mt). Cameroon has the second greatest hydroelectric potential in Africa: 23 GW of technical potential, 40% of which is exploitable under good economic conditions (105 TWh/year). Wood reserves are abundant, especially in the southern part of the country.

  • Energy Prices


    The prices of oil products in Cameroon are slightly higher than the regional average.

  • Energy Consumption

    Total energy consumption per capita is 0.4 toe, of which 270 kWh is electricity (2019).

    Total energy consumption increased slightly, by 2%/year since 2015, to reach 9.9 Mtoe in 2019, after very rapid growth between 2013 and 2015 (+33%).

  • Issues & Prospects


    According to the long-term electricity sector development plan (PDSE-2035), electricity demand is expected to reach between24.4 TWh (median growth scenario) and 33.4 TWh (high growth scenario) in 2035, mainly driven by a rapid growth in industry (7-9%/year). However, the current evolution is far from the high scenario and more in line with the lower scenario.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Cameroon energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy Emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 7: Total consumption market share by energy (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 8: Final consumption market share by sector (2019, %)

List of Tables

In the Cameroon energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Cameroon energy market data since 1990 and up to 2019 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Cameroon country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Cameroon Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Cameroon energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Cameroon country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


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