Bangladesh Energy Information
Bangladesh Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 2.00 %/year
Energy independence: 65.5%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 0.60 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 10.7%
* at purchasing power parity
View all macro and energy indicators in the Bangladesh energy report
Bangladesh Related News
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Bangladesh Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Energy consumption per capita is 0.28 toe, including around 489 kWh of electricity (2020).
The country's overall energy consumption is increasing quickly (4.5%/year since 2010), driven by rapid economic growth (6.9%/year).
Gas is the main energy source (57%), ahead of biomass (17%), coal (13%), and oil (12%) (2020).
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Graph: TOTAL CONSUMPTION MARKET SHARE BY ENERGY (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Bangladesh Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
The country imports over 3 times its oil production (1.3 Mt oil imported compared to 0.4 Mt of oil produced in 2020).
The country has a limited refining capacity of 35.5 kb/d (2020) distributed in 2 refineries: Chittagong (33 kb/d, commissioned in 1968) and Mongla (2.5 kb/d, 2013). Domestic production of oil products only covers one third of the consumption. Oil product imports have increased by 50% since 2010.
Interactive Chart Bangladesh Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
In October 2021, Bangladesh set the objective of reaching 4.1 GW of renewable capacity by 2030, including nearly 2.3 GW of solar capacity. The country slightly increased its goal compared to the latest PSMP (PSMP 2016), in which the target was 3.9 GW in 2041.
In 2012, the country implemented the Solar and Renewable Energy Association (BSREA), a platform for renewable energy products and businesses. BSREA is working towards the standardisation and quality control of all the renewable energy products and services being sold in Bangladesh.
Interactive Chart Bangladesh Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In August 2021, Bangladesh updated its NDC, setting an unconditional GHG emission reduction target of 6.7% by 2030, leading to emissions of 382 MtCO2eq in 2030, i.e. -28 MtCO2eq compared with the BAU scenario.The conditional reduction target is an additional 15% (i.e. 21.85%, i.e. -89 MtCO2eq in), which would limit absolute GHG emissions levels to 320 MtCO2eq. In the previous version, the reduction targets were, respectively, 5% and 10%.
Since 2000, CO2 emissions from energy combustion increased by an average of 6.8%/year to 99 MtCO2 in 2020.
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