Bangladesh Energy Information
Bangladesh Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 8.20 %/year
Energy independence: 72.4%
Data of the last year available: 2019
CO2 Emissions: 0.54 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 8.16%
* at purchasing power parity
View all macro and energy indicators in the Bangladesh energy report
Bangladesh Related News
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Bangladesh Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Energy consumption per capita is 0.28 toe, including around 449 kWh of electricity (2019).
The country's overall energy consumption is increasing quickly (4.8%/year since 2010), driven by rapid economic growth (6.9%/year). Its progression, however, is 30% lower than the GDP, resulting in a rapid decrease of its energy intensity (-1.9%/year).
Gas is the main energy source (59%), ahead of biomass (21%) and oil (13%) (2019).
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Bangladesh Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Most of the oil is imported, as national production only covers 8% of the country's needs in 2019.
The country has a limited refining capacity of 35 500 bbl/d (2019) distributed in 2 refineries: Chittagong (33 000 bbl/d, commissioned in 1968) and Mongla (2 500 bbl/d, 2013). Domestic production of oil products only covers ¼ of the consumption. Oil product imports have increased by 70% since 2010.
Interactive Chart Bangladesh Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
In the PSMP 2016, the government set a target to reach 2.5 GW of renewable capacity in 2021, and 3.9 GW in 2041. It introduced incentive measures to mobilise the private sector. This target is in line with its NDC target to increase the share of renewables in the total power generation to 10% in 2021. The Eighth Five-Year Plan will accentuate the focus on solar and wind. However, specific targets have not yet been communicated.
Interactive Chart Bangladesh Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In its first NDC, Bangladesh announced it aims to reduce GHG emissions by 40% (48 MtCO2eq) by 2030 compared to a BAU scenario, of which 15% (or 36 MtCO2) assumes international support.
CO2 emissions from energy combustion have risen steadily and have multiplied by more than 2.5 since 2005.
Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)
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